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HUNS
600-649 AD

Huns 1766 BC-336 AD
Huns 337-439 AD
Huns 440-498 AD
Huns 500-552 AD
Huns 552-599 AD
Huns 600-649 AD
Huns 650-699 AD

Huns 700-749 AD
Huns 750-849 AD
Huns 850-949 AD
Huns 950-1099 AD
Huns 1100-1249 AD
Huns 1250-1349 AD
Huns 1350-1499 AD
Huns 1500-1922 AD 

 
DATELINE
Time Events
600

Tulan (Ün-Üylüy) (16) dies, Jangar (Tuli) (18) (600-609) assumes control of all Eastern Goktürk Kaganate, in vassalage of Chinese empire.

601

Byzantians defeat Avars

601

Th. Simokattes: Priskos, Byzantine general, defeated Avars in Banat and collected 9.000 prisoners, 3,000 Avars, 800 Slavs, 3,200 Gepidae, and 2,000 barbarians

602

Byzantium general Priscus defeats Avars. Bayan (c. 565-602) dies. Next Khan rules (602-630).

602

HAZAR EMPIRE
602-1016 A.D
Founder - no historical data for founder, its greatest ruler was Hakan Yusuf.
Area - Hazars separated from Goktürks and formed a state from Caucasian Mntns to Danube and N. Pontic area

603

Tardu Khan (7) dies in 603, his grandson Buri-Shad (13/14/15) becomes Kagan of partitioned Western Goktürk Kaganate, controlling westernmost part. Chulo (10) controls eastern part.

603 Western Goktürk Kaganate
603 - 659 AD (582 - 659 AD)
Founder - Buri-Shad, title Jangar (Tuli) Khan (-608)
Area -
603 Eastern Goktürk Kaganate
603 - 840 AD (582 - 840 AD)
Founder - Chulo (603 AD), title
Area -
603

Kushans rebel against Iran with help from Goktürks. Tocharistan separates from Iran

604

Rebellious Tele in basin of Selenga area pacified, but Djungaria and Tarim basin did not return to Eastern Goktürk Kaganate.

604

New Chinese dynasty treat carefully descendants of Tobases (Syanbinians). Assimilated Syanbinians live along Great Wall from Khebey to Chanan. There were many large landowners and professional military pushed from power by Chinese landowners who took power.

604

Kara Churin Türk Boke Khan (7) dies, Goktürk Kaganate split into West and East. Tuli (Jangar) (18) becomes Kagan of Eastern Goktürk Kaganate, Taman (28) becomes Kagan of Western Goktürk Kaganate (604-610).

604

Nominally Djungaria and basin of Tarim entered Western Goktürk Kaganate. However Kibi on northern slopes of East Tian-Shan and Seyanto on S. Slopes of Altain-Nuru crest fought western Goktürks for 2 years (605-606) and gained freedom.

605

Kidanes revolt against Goktürk suppression

606

New state was created in Djungaria, under Kibi leadership, with a vast territory and including settled population necessary for nomadic state, in oasises Karashar, Turfan and Khami. Kibi's Prince Gelen took title Mokhe-Khan.

606

Leader of Seyantos Ishibo subordinated to Gelen but retained control over his tribe. State was likely a tribal union.

607

Order about outlawing a free trade of Chinese with Goktürks

608

Wars between Tele and Goktürks of Western Kaganate end.

608

Troops of Empire Suy attack Togon and destroy it.

608

Jangar Khan (Tuli) (18) (-608) died, his son, Shad Dugi, becomes Kagan of Eastern Goktürk Kaganate in vassalage of Empire Tang, under name Shibir (Shipi) Khan (25) (609-620).

609

Troops of Empire Suy attack Tele and Western Goktürk Kaganate

610

610-620 Avar Slavs raided Thessalia, Hellas, Aegean Islands, Achaia, and Epirus

610 Marquart: Leader of Unugurs (Unogundurs) Organa (aka Grad), founder of Bulgarian Dynasty Dulo, uncle of Kubrat Dulo, related to Ashina by female line, of most-western ulus, is baptized in Constantinople. Kubrat is not baptized. Notably, the tribal symbols of the Dulo clan of the Bulgars and the Qayn (Kayı) tribe of the Oguzes are the same
610

Future Sibir-Khan (14), Mokhodu, of most western ulus is baptized in Constantinople. This starts his fight with Buri Shad (34) (610-618) and Tardu Yabgu (Tun-djabgu) (23) (618-630). Kubrat is not baptized.

610

Taman Yabgu (28) dies, Buri Shad Yabgu (34) becomes Kagan of Western Goktürk Kaganate (610-618). Chulo (26) = anti-Khan (610-611).

615

Tobases living along northern border of Western Wey stopped being Tobases long ago, but did not become Chinese yet. They are equally distanced from steppes and China, and equally close to both. Goktürks called them Tabgach.

615

In time of revolt Tabgaches participated because of warlike ancestry, but acted aimlessly, because lost organization and unity.

617

617(?) A defeat from Byzantines resulted in deterioration of situation for Avars Khakan. Alburi killed at court of Avars Khakan.

617

Shi Wey, along with Kidan, Togon and Gaochan submitted to Shibir Khan Kagan (25).

618

Buri Shad Yabgu (34) dies, Tung Yabgu (23) becomes Kagan of Western Goktürk Kaganate (618-630).

618

Bu-Yurgan refused to be elected Baltavar, saying, that he will be a bolyar, i.e. a cleric. On his advice, Kara Bulgars elected Alburis senior son Kurbat a Baltavar

619

Kubrat allies with Byzantium against Avars.

619

Both Tele leaders, Kibi's Mokhe-Khan and Seyanto's Inan, subordinate to Tung Yabguu Khan = Yabgu of Shenuy. Djungaria returned to Western Goktürk Kaganate.

619

Sirs are controlled by Tung Yabgu Khan directly.

619

Baptism of Hunnish Khan in Constantinopole. Avars reach Constantinopole.

619

China breakes union with Goktürks. Capture of Khesi. Lyan Shi-du and Lyu U-Chjou invade N China with Goktürkic support

620

Shambat, younger brother of Baltavar Kubrat, on Kubrat order, builds in aul Askal on mountains Kuyantau city-fortress named Bashtu, present Kiev. Other names Askal, Kuk-Kuyan, Shambat, Kyi.

620

Shibir Kagan (25) (609-620) dies, Kat Il Khan (27) becomes Kagan of Eastern Goktürk Kaganate, free from vassalage of empire (620-630).

620

In 200 years descendants of Syanbinians assimilated in Tibet. Tsenpo was an inherited position, he received income from lands, taxes, tributes, confiscations and executions. But he could be dismissed at any time because he did not have support or real pow

620

Tibet army was under a special advisor. Tsenpo Nimry (570-620). In following history there is no Syanbinian role,

620

Avarian retreat from Constantinople

620 In the 620s whole Tokharistan was conquered by Western Goktürkic Kaganate Turks. Western Goktürkic Kaganate ruler Ton-yabghu (618-630) not only included Tokharistan in his possessions, but established his own territory and first ruler was his son Tardu shad
622

The Hijra. Start of Islam as a world event

622

Union of Lu Shey-da with Goktürks

623

Several successfull uprisings of Slavic tribes against Avars are recorded, for example revolt of Vends in 623.

623

Avars reigned over a vast territory between Alps, Adriatic Sea and Black Sea

623

Shambat starts war against Avars, with Ulchis (Slavs) and Ugrs. Shambat captures Pannonia and calls his ulus Duloba (623-658). Baltavar Kubrat calls him Kyi (Separated).

623

Slavs attacked Crete

623

Byzantine authors recorded ethnic composition of Avar Empire as Avars, Gepids, and Slavs

623

Birth of Samo state, first political formation of Slavs, first mentioned in writing in 623. Samo state is organiized by Shambat, brother of Kurbat (Gr. Kubrat), who rebelled against authority of Kurbat.

625

Exchange of embassies between Byzantium and Western Goktürkic Kaganate

626

(Onogur?) Bulgars live in Trans-Caucasus on right bank of Kuban' to Don Different fr and rival to Khazars

626

Avars controlled all Kuturgur Hun lands Uturgur (Onogur?) Bolgars did not participate in Khazars' war raids into Caucasus Uturgur (Onogur?) Bolgars guarded western border of Western Kaganate Uturgur (Onogur?) Bolgars are allied with Tele (Dulu).

626

W. Goktürk Kaganate campaign against Sasanian Persia in Caucasus, with Khazars but without Bulgars

626

Khazars and (Onogur?) Bulgars confederated (voluntarily, not conquered) into W. Goktürk Kaganate. Khazars supply military contingents and participate in division of captured wealth. Bulgars man western border with Avars and don't benefit from captured we

626

Kubrat proclaims independence from W. Goktürk Kaganate and assumes title of Kagan.

626

While Heraclius with W. Goktürk Kaganates fights Persians in Caucasus, Persians with Avars attack Constantinople. Avars retreat with heavy losses and in disgrace. Kubrat suggests sucking Avar Kagan and replacing him. End of Avar-Persian union.

626

Khazars ally with Byzantine under Emperor Heraclius (626-630)

626

Li Shi-min coup. Peace with Goktürks at river Wey

626

Greeks and Goktürks seige Tbilisi

626

Avars suffered a crushing defeat at Constantinople in 626

627

Seyanto tribe and Djungaria left Western Goktürk Kaganate and joined Eastern Goktürk Kaganate Kat Il Khan

627

Cinese embassy to Tun-Yabgu Khan stopped by Kat Il Khan

627

Seyanto and Uigurs, both Tele tribes, help each other in Goktürk Kaganate. Seyanto's Inan and Uigur's Pusa support each other.

627

Series of revolts against Avars start among subjugated tribes. Uprising of western Slavs, led by Samo, a Frankish merchant, resulted in founding of a Slavic state on territory of present-day Czech Republic and Slovakia.

627

Avars and Perians beseige Contantinopole

628

Khazars capture Tbilisi

628

Seyanto tribe with 70K yurts gains independence.

628 SEYANTO KAGANATE
631 - 646 A.D
Founder - Ynan-erkin, title Jenchu-Bilge-Kagan (Pearly Wise Kagan)
Area - all lands and tribes of Eastern Türkic Kaganate. Parts of Kaganate territory are occupied by Tang (Tarim and Middle Asia), parts recognize nominal suzerainty of Tang (Uigurs) (two complementary maps are shown until Seyanto Kaganate map becomes available)

629

Chinese take fortress May in Ordos. Counterattack by Goktürks on all fronts. Srontsangambo enthroned in Tibet

630

Bulgars/Barsils are incorporated into elite of W. Goktürk Kaganate horde.

630

Great Bulgaria north of Black Sea under Kubrat (630-660)

630

End of rule of Khazars by Goktürk W Kaganate

630

Seyanto pursue Goktürk Chebi Khan who finds refuge in Altai valley with 30K army.

630

Avars treat Bulgars/Barsils badly as conquered people. Western Bulgars/Kuturgurs move to Bavaria, and are annihilated by Frankish king Dagober. Eastern Bulgars/Kuturgurs joint with Bulgars/Uturgur

630

Avar Kagan (602-630) dies. Next Khan rules (630-?).

630

Sibir-Khan (14) recognized independence of Bulgaria under Kubrat of Dulo dynasty, his nephew of feminine line.

630

Karluks rebel, Tung Yabgu (23) dies, W. Goktürk Kaganate split, SW and NE. SW run by Nushibis, under Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) (631-631), installed by Nishu Khan Shad (32), son of Baga Shad (24). NE run by Tele (Dulu), under Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) (630-631).

630 Irbis Bolun Yabgu-Khan was to personify restoration of Türküt rule over tribal federations, but failed. Irbis Bolun Yabgu-Khan received nickname Sydjabgu, i.e. treacherous (Djabgu for Yabgu indicates joking dialect of Türküts), widely recorded in late antique sources as Silzibul, Zildjibul etc. Taken as a title, this name may also have been applied to following Yabgu's
630

Chinese Tang defeat Eastern Goktürkic and occupy Eastern Goktürkic Kaganate (Mongolia). Kat Il Khan (27) taken prisoner by Tang army, Eastern Goktürk Kaganate is ruled by Tang Empire for 50 years (630-682)

630

630-640 Chinese subdue Tarim Basin

630

Türks of Ordos become known as Gok Türks (Blue Türks), different from their northern neighbors - Tele

630

80 K Chinese living with Goktürks are captured

630

Tardu Tong Yabgu of Western Kaganate (619-630), per Chinese chronicle Tangshu, subjugated Toleses between rivers Orkhon and Tola and Aral Lake, to Iranians, and advanced to Khandagar in south. His army has hundreds of thousands good bow-shooters.

630

W. Goktürks invade Armenia and defeat Persians. W. Goktürks clear S Caucasus

630

Xuanzang visits court of W. Türk Kagan Tung Yabghu near Lake Issyk-Kul

630 Tokuz-Oguz tribal union, led by Uigurs, never recognized leadership of Ashina Türks, and were rebellious subjects. In 630 Tokuz-Oguz tribes led by Uigurs rebelled, and after a victory in 647 formed a First Uigur Kagante in N.Mongolia (647-689)  
631

Seyanto tribe keeps independence.

631

Seyanto allied with China = 70K wagons

631

Uigur leader Tumidu, heir of Pusa, defeated Seyantos and seized their ranges. Emperor Taitszun sent an embassy to Seyanto leader Inan and recognized him as Khan, as a counterweight to Uigurs. Uigurs subordinated and recognized new Khan.

631

Seyanto state organized like Türk's. Khan's sons are Shads, leading Tolos (North) (Western) and Tardush (South) (Eastern Wing). Army numbered 200K lances, smaller than was 1,000K of Gokürks' Shibir Khan.

631

Seyanto state successfully controlled all Türkic leaders except for Ordos Türks under Chinese protection. Some Ordos Türks move north into Seyanto state.

631

Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) replaced by Nishu Khan Shad (32) as Dulu Khan (631-634). Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) killed. W. Goktürk Kaganate reunited.

631

New Seyanto state spread from Altai to Khingan and from Gobi desert to Baikal.

631

Kutugur's rebelion against Avars and defeat of Kutugurs by Avars

631

Shambat's (Samo) Slavs in 631 beat Frank Army of King Dagobert near Vogatisburg and gain their independence from Franks and Avars. Shambat is Kurbat's younger brother, apparently in charge of western territories, western wing - Kotrags, Kuturgurs, from köturi (behind)  meaning to the west,

632

Seyanto gave a blow from behind. Ashina Chuni, loyal to traditions of Eastern Kaganate, raised his army against Seyanto. He had 50K army without success.

632

Yishbara Tolis Shad (33) is not trying to re-subjugate Bulgars

632

Kipchaks are not in 10 arrows of Western Kaganate

633

Kubrat unites Bulgar Kuturgur and Uturgur tribes and liberated from W. Goktürk Kaganate.

633

Kubrat organizes state, 2nd=kavkhan, 3rd=lchirguboyl ??

634

Seyanto tribe with 70K wagons keeps independence.

634

Dulu Khan (32) (631-634) dies, his younger brother Tong Shad becomes Yabgu as Yshbara Tolis-Shad Yabgu (634-639).

635

Kubrat escaped dominance of Goktürks and Khazars, by supporting Sibir-Khan in 630. He became independent, defeated Avars. Controlled near- Black Sea steppes

635

Kubrat sent embassy to Constantinople and received title of Patrician. Kubrat's Bulgaria joins Byzantium as Federatae. Byzantium becomes a bordering state with Khazaria of W. Goktürk Kaganate, controlling former Khazar territories.

635

In W Goktürk Kaganate nations that did not receive autonomy were Karluks, Yagma (YanNyan), Kipchaks, Basmals, and Hun (Dulu) tribes Chue, Chumi and Shato

635

Yshbara Tolis-Shad Yabgu reorganizes W. Goktürk Kaganate into 10-arrow Goktürks, of 5 right western wing On-shadapyt (Ch. Nushibi) Ezgil tribes and 5 Tele (Dulu) tribal leaders, recognizing them as Shads (blood prince).

636

Bulgaria hostile with Khazars of W. Goktürk Kaganate on East, with Avars on West, with Byzantium on South.

636

NE of Western Goktürk Kaganate controlled by Tele Khan Tong Shad Yabgu, who attempts to unite W. and E. Goktürk Kaganates.

639

Seyanto ally with Gaochan in defense of Gaochan from aggression of Empire Tang. Gaochan is attacked and occupied.

639

Yishbara Tolis Shad (33) died, then (42), then cousin Bagadur, title = Irbis Yshbara Yabgu Khan (37) (639-641)

639

Capital of 'South Horde' at Chu & Ili

641

Türks in service of Tang Empire are moved to north bank of Huanhe and serve as a barrier against Seyanto.

641

Seyanto Khan Inan organized expedition against restored Goktürk vassal Kaganate on north bank of Huanhe. Seyanto army demolished 80%.

641

Kipchaks have 100K people, 40K army, 90 K horses

641

Irbis Yshbara Yabgu Khan executed (37), his brother Yugu-Ukuk (38) selected Khan of Western Goktürk Kaganate (641-651)

641

Kipchaks on Altai subordinated to Khan Ükuk Yabgu

641

Alats (Ch. Boma) on Enisey subordinated to Khan Ükuk Yabgu

642

First Khazar - Arab war (642-652) against Abd Al Rahman

642

Imperial Chinese garrison in Khami deafeats W Goktürks of Irbis Dulu Khan

645

Seyanto Khan Inan died

646

Remains of Seyanto Horde loose to Empire Tang army and are dispersed. Uigurs fought Seyanto with Empire Tang and become loyal subjects and fight in all wars for Empire

646

Seyanto Khanate was destroyed by Empire Tang and their allies Uigurs, people were mercilessly wiped out. Remains of Seyanto dispersed by slopes of Beyshan, and joined Goktürks

628 End of SEYANTO KAGANATE
631 - 646 A.D
Founder - Ynan-erkin, title Jenchu-Bilge-Kagan (Pearly Wise Kagan)
Area - all lands and tribes of Eastern Türkic Kaganate. Parts of Kaganate territory are occupied by Tang (Tarim and Middle Asia), parts recognize nominal suzerainty of Tang (Uigurs) (two complementary maps are shown until Seyanto Kaganate map becomes available)

646

Empire Tang breakes relations with W Goktürkic Kaganate

647 Both wings of Western Türkic Kaganate, following Ili river treaty, became two independent states, right western wing On-shadapyt (Chinese Nu-shibi) tribes were called Ezgil (Chinese Asitszi) state (Chinese go)
647 In 630 Tele Tokuz-Oguz tribes led by Uigurs rebelled, and after a victory in 647 formed a First Uigur Kaganate in N.Mongolia (647-689)
647 First Uigur Kaganate
647 - 689 A.D
Founder -
Area -
649

Türk Chebi Khan horde is resettled in East Khanganate vacated by Seyanto

 
Home
Back
In Russian
Contents Huns
Contents Pazyryk Genetics
Contents Tele
Sources
Roots
Tamgas
Alphabet
Writing
Language
Genetics
Geography
Archeology
Religion
Coins
Wikipedia
Huns Dateline 650-699 AD Continued
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Dynasties
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
  Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
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Kipchak Dateline
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Seyanto Dateline
9/19/2005
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