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Huns Dateline 1100-1249 AD Continued
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Dynasties
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
Russian Version needs a translation
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline

HUNS

Huns 1766 BC-336 AD
Huns 337-439 AD
Huns 440-498 AD
Huns 500-552 AD
Huns 552-599 AD
Huns 600-649 AD
Huns 650-699 AD

Huns 700-749 AD
Huns 750-849 AD
Huns 850-949 AD
Huns 950-1099 AD
Huns 1100-1249 AD
Huns 1250-1349 AD
Huns 1350-1499 AD
Huns 1500-1922 AD

950-1099 AD

DATELINE
Time Events
950 There is information about Bashkir Confederation in 9-12c under Masim Khan, starting with Khan Bashkort. Bashkir 'Shejere' listed Khans Muyten Bey and Maiky Bey at approx. 1220, witha list of 10 predesessors covering 9-12c.
950 Al Mas'udi (died in 956) describes 4 Türkic peoples: Ydjni, Badjkurt (Maskurts, Masguts, called by Herodotus (5-th c. BC), Strabo (c.64 BC - A.D. 20), and C. Plinius Secundus (62-113 AD) Massagetae Scythians), Badjanak (Besenyos), Nukardi
950 Conversion of Karakhanids and Uighurs from Buddhism to Islam under Satuq Bughra Khan (d.955)
950 Magyars living in Lebedia are vassals of Khazars.
960 End of Itil Bulgar-Turkmen 15 year war. Chief Turkmen Khan Arslan is beheaded by Bulgar sardar Kukcha Amir
960 Besenyos live in Moldova (10th cent.-1171)
960 ... becomes second Kagan of Khazar's Kaganate to convert to Islam (960?-.)
960 Karahanid Satuk's son, Musa (Baytas) defeated eastern Khan Arslan Han and carried off this branch of dynasty. Entire Karahanli State becomes Muslim (960). Afterwards, forced diffusion of Islam among C. Asian Türks turned into holy war. First case among Türks to abandon tradition of freedom of convitions and to force conversion of subject populations
961 After Dukak death, Oguz Yabgu appoints Dukaks son Seljuk Syu-Bashi as head of army. Seljuk evacuates his tribe to Sugura, near Jend (Hojdent), bordering with Moslem countries. Relocation may be caused by Kipchak wictory over Oguz State or shotage of pastures
961 Seljuks (Salchukiyans, Sakachikas) together with Kynyk clan and other Oguz clans leave winter capital of Oguz State Yenikent (Ruins of present Jankent) between Caspian and Aral, with their cattle of horses, camels, sheep and cows, to Maverannakhr
961 M Kashgari: To live with Moslem Türks, multitudes of Seljuk tribes adopted Islam. Seljuk adopted Islam for political possibilities, and asked neighboring Bukhara and Khorezm to send Moslem scholars. Prior, they were called Turkmens, Karluks and Oguzes
961 Oguz Yabgu's Oguses arriving in Jend to collect annual taxes are driven out by Seljuks under pretext "We are not paying taxes to infidels", and started juhad war against Oguz State with Seljuks title Gazi. Start of independent Seljuk Beylyk in Jend
962 Svyatoslav (962-972) first Rus Knyaz with Slavic name. Numerous campaigns to assert his authority over eastern Slavs. Invaded Khazaria and destroyed its capitl Itil, and its major fortresses Samander and Sarkel. Allied with Constantinople against Danube Bulgars
962 Türkic Ghaznavid dynasty is established in Afghanistan
962 GAZNELI EMPIRE
962 - 1183 A.D
Founder Alptekin
Area - from Trans-Oxus to Ganges River, from Caspian to steppes of Pamir (Total Area - 4,700,000 Km 2)
964 Bulgarian annals provide background information on the Rus campaign against Khazaria, depicting it as a Bulgar liberation war of joint Bulgar-Rus alliance, where Bulgaria paid Ruses for the campaign by leasing out provinces Djir (future Rostov province and city of Russia), Kan (future Murom province and city) and the western Kortdjak (future Moscow, Vladimir and Ivanovo provinces), for an annual tribute equal in size to the tribute from Djir (Bulgar-Rus Treaty of 964). In the campaign participated Turkmens (Oguzes), recently defeated in the lengthy Bulgar-Turkmenian war (ca. 947-ca. 960), and Bajanaks, whose territory the Rus army had to cross, as Rus allies in the campaign. The annals describe Rus army as consisting of 20 thousand Vikings and 50 thousand Slavs.
964 Kengeres seriously threaten Khazaria
965 Byzantine governor (strategos) of Chersonesus asks Svyatoslav for aid against Khazars. Svyatoslav campaign to Don. En route he attacks Volga Bulgars. He raids Sarkel, Itil, and Tmutarkhan, also captures Chersonesus
965 Svyatoslav possibly signed agreement with Besenyos before crossing their territory. He allies with Oguzes. Purpose to gain tribute from Viatchi on Oka by removing their Khazar overlords. He also conquers Yasians and Kasogians in Taman-Kuban area
965 Kkazar Kagan temporarily converts to Islam for political reasons
965 Itil Bulgars gain independence after defeating Khazars
966 Bandja (Fanagoria), capital of Great Bulgaria in VII c, destroyed by Kiev Knyaz Svyatoslav. Escaped inhabitants established New Bandja in Jiguli on Itil (Murom setlement). During campaign were devastated cities in the North-East Caucasus, including Semender.
966 Khan Mohammed established fort Simbir (Simbirsk)
967 Knyaz Svyatoslav of Kiev seizes Khazar capital Itil
969 Khazaria, broken by Svyatoslav (called Barys by Bulgars), is divided between Itil Bulgaria and N. Caucasus Saklans
969 Inflow of silver dirhams from Bulgaria and Khazaria stops
969 Saklans receive territory S. of rivers Sal and Kum, Shir (Don), Kuper-Kubar (Khoper), Boryn-Inesh (Voronej). Khin (Sarkel, Belaya Veja) is a province ruled by Bulgar's vali
970 Khan Mohammed established fort Balyn (Suzdal) in Mary land
972 8 Besenyo (Bedjenek) tribes, under Khan Kura, of Kipchak stock with Oguz element, freed of Khazar dominance, defeat Rus Knyaz Svyatoslav and make a drinking cup of his scull. Bedjenek's continuous figts with Khazars, Byzantines and Russ
976 Mohammed died (943-976), Talib becomes Khan of of Itil Bulgaria (976-981)
981 Itil Bulgaria Khan Talib (976-981) died, Timar becomes Khan (981-1004)
985 Türkic Karakhanid and Gaznevit, and Iranian Samanid states surround Seljuk Beylyk. Seljuks fight with Karakhanids and Samanids. Samanids give Karakhanid Yabgu Arslan Israel with Oguzes control of Nur, near Bukhara
985 Seljuq Türks, a ruling tribe of Oguz, move to vicinity of Bukhara
986 Khazars present Judaism to Knyaz Voldemir (Russ.Vladimir) of Kiev, Itil Bulgars present Islam
988 Voldemir consolidates his possession of conquered city-states through adoption of single state religion. He orders conversion of subject people and launches built-up of Christian churches. Negotiations for military aid with Emperor Basil II end in agreeme
994 Formation of Türkic-Ghaznavid dynasty in present day Afganistan
999 Destruction of Persian Samanid dynasty by Türkic tribes
1000 Some Khazars in Kievan Rus are Slavicized and adopt East Slavic language (1000-1300).
1004 Itil Bulgaria Khan Timar (981-1004) died, Masgut becomes Khan (1004-1006).
1006 Itil Bulgaria Khan Masgut (1004-1006) died, Ibragim becomes Khan (1006-1025).
1010 Kipchaks are pressed by Kumosi- Kimaks and then by Kidanes and move west
1016 Last Khazar Khagan Georgius Tzul is cuptured by combined army of Byzantine Basil II and Sfengus, brother of Kiev's Grand Prince Voldemir. Khazaria loses last independence and territories of Crimea and Taman.
1016 End of HAZAR EMPIRE
602-1016 A.D
Founder - no historical data for founder, its greatest ruler was Hakan Yusuf.
Area - Hazars separated from Goktürks and formed a state from Caucasian Mntns to Danube and N. Pontic area
1020 Kipchaks occupy Middle and Lower Donets basin, lower Don and N.Azov. Earliest Kipchak gravestone monuments are located west of Itil
1024 Lavrentiev Chronicle dates establishment of Suzdal in Merya land
1025 Itil Bulgaria Khan Ibragim (1006-1025) died, Azgar becomes Khan (1025-1028).
1025 One of Seljuk chiefs, Arslan Israil Yabgu, serves as auxiliary to Karakhanid's Ali-Tegin, against Ghazavids.
1026 Kengeres invasion of Byzantium is repulsed by Constantine Diogenes..
1028 Itil Bulgaria Khan Azgar (1025-1028) abdicated, Ashraf becomes Khan (1028-1061).
1029 Kipchaks control steppes from Itil to Irtysh
1032 Torgul-beg, with Daud and Arslan Israil Yabgu, acquires control of E. Iran.
1035 Itil Bulgaria Khan Azgar established fort Khazar (Voronej)
1036 Itil Bulgaria Khan Azgar established city Tyumen, center of Tubdjak ulus (Tyumen)
1040 SELCUK EMPIRE
1040 - 1157 A.D
Founder Seljuk
Area - East, Balkash and Issyk Lakes and Tarim Derya; West, Aegean and Mediterranean; North, Aral, Caspian Sea, Caucasian and Black Sea; South, area including Arabia (Area - 10,000,000 Km 2)
1051 Kengeres invade Byzantium.
1054 Seljuks, under Tügral Beg, capture Baghdad, Abbasid capital, from Buwayhids, establish Seljuq Sultanate, and become official protectors of Caliphate.
1054 Rus chronicles record appearance of Guz people, pushed by Kipchaks - a branch of Kimaks of middle Irtysh and of Ob.
1055 Rus claims that majority of Kipchak tribes have crossed Itil and occupy E. Europian steepes.
1055 Ipatian Chronicle reports first arrival of Kipchaks at border of Pereyaslav principality
1059 Yabgu Arslan Israel with Oguzes fights Karakhanids, and withdraw with booty, leaving Samanid heir Ismail El Muntasyr, who loses war with Karakhanids,and dies. Samanid state desintegrates, Karakhanids take over Maverannakhr, and Gazavids take Horasan.
1060 Kipchaks replace Besenyos (Bedjenek) from N Caucasus steppes. Stan of Kipchak Khans is located on river Sunj. N Caucasus steppes is an important component of Deshti-Kipchak.
1063 Beginning of reign of Seljuc Alp Arslan
1064 Kengeres invade Byzantium, across Thrace to gates of Constantinople..
1065 600K Oguzes crossed Danube, devastated Balkans to Thessalonica. Emperor Constantine X Ducas, and then Kengeres and Bulgars, who were ruled at that time from Byzantium, annihilated them. Remains of Oguzes were subjugated, eliminated or assimilated by Kipch
1065 Visit of Alanian king Durguleit Great to Georgian king Bagrat IV in Kutais.
1065 Three Türkic peoples inhabit steppes N. of Lake Balkhash: Oguz (Ghuz, Torks, Ouzoi, Uzes, Türkmen), Kimaks/Kipchak of middle Enisey of Ob, and Kirghiz. Ogur group is distinguished from Oguz Türkic people that they had Y mutated to J (DJ).
1169 Prince of Suzdal, Andrei Bogoliubskii, sacked Kiev, then moved seat of Great Prince to Vladimir, capital of Suzdal
1070 Turks in Karahanli State engage in cultural and scientific activities. Turkish written with Uighur and Arabic alphabets becomes literary language and literature spread for the first time. Karahanli people exchange with Gazneli and other state sultans in Turkish written in Uighur letters
1070 Most ancient monument of Islam era in Türkic is "Kutadgu Blig" written by Yusuf Has Hacib in 1069-1070 in Uighur and Arabic letters about ideal administration system of a state
1071 Kengeres, in service of Byzantium, desert Emperor Romanus Diogenes V (1067-1071) in favor of Oguz Sultan Alp Arslan.
1072 Beginning of reign of Seljuc Malik Shakh.
1072 Marriage of Maria of Alania to Byzantine emperor Michael VII Duca Parapinaces (1071-1078 d. 1078). Marriage of Georgian king George III with Alanian princess Burduhan
1073 Probably grandson of Mohammed b. Yusuf Kadir Han, Great Khan of Eastern Karahanli State, Mahmut Kashgari work, titled "Divan-i Legat it-Turk" written in Baghdad in 1073-1077, gave examples of dialects of various Türkic peoples ranging from Byzantine borders to borders of China. He wrote about geography of Türkish cities, political and economical life of Türks and their beliefs, gave examples of literary works and ancient epics and folk literature that did not survive
1076 Itil Bulgaria Khan Akhad (1061-1076) deposed, Adam becomes Khan (1076-1118).
1076 Capital of Itil Bulgaria is transferred from city Bulgar to city Bilyar
1077 HARZEMSHAH
1077 - 1231 A.D
Founder - Kudrettin Mehmet (Harzemshah)
Area - Persia, Southern Caucasia, Dagestan, Afghanistan and most of Central Asia. (Total Area - 5,000,000 Km 2)
1078 Daughter of Burduhan and George III is crowned as Queen Tamar on Georgian throne
1087 Kengeres invade Byzantium across Thrace, are driven back, and defeat Alexius Comneus.
1088 Former Khan, Emir Akhad Moskha built in Batyshes' (Russ. Vyatiches) land fort Moskha (Caw), now Moscow (Moskva).
1089 King of Ovs (As, Alans) David Soslan's son marries Queen Tamar
1091 Kipchaks under Togortak and Maniak are allied with Byzantium under Alexius Comnenus, and together crush Kengeres army.
1096 Rabbi Nissim: Seventeen Khazarian communities join nomads (Kengeres, Bulgars, Oguses)
1099 Khan Bonyak Cumans defeat Hungarian army of King Coloman Beauclerc at Przemysl
1099 Formation of Karachai-Balkarian (Alan) people completed.
1099 Tatars are beaten by Kerayit Türks' Khan Torgul, son of Khan Cyriacus(Qurjaquz), son of Marcus(Marguz) Buyiruq
1099 Tatars lived since at least 8th cent. on south bank of Kerulen river near Bor Nor to Khingan range. On north bank of Kerulen to Onon river roved neghbouring Mongols. On west bank of Selenga river to Black Irtysh river roved neighboring Naiman Türks.
1099 200,000 Kerayit Türks, Nestorian Christians since 1009, roved neighboring south of Selenga river, on upper Orkhon, to Karakorum. Tatars are confederated as Tokuz Tatars (Nine Tatars) and Otuz Tatars (Thirty Tatars).
1099 Tatars are redoubtable warriors and ranked among fiercest of all people.
1099 Tatars constitute a serious danger to Sino-Tungustic kingdom of Kin. Kin used early Chingiz Khan to attack Tatars from Northwest.
Home
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In Russian
Contents Huns
Contents Pazyryk Genetics
Contents Tele
Sources
Roots
Tamgas
Alphabet
Writing
Language
Genetics
Geography
Archeology
Religion
Coins
Wikipedia
Huns Dateline 1100-1249 AD Continued
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Dynasties
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
  Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline
9/19/2005
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