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Yu.Zuev Seyanto Kaganate and Kimeks
Narrative History of Kimeks
Genetics: Lingo-Ethnical Tree
Genetics: Blood Types
Ethnic Affiliation Scythians
Scythians and their descendents
Ogur and Oguz
Zakiev M.Z. Who Are Alans?
Kurgan Culture
Andronov Culture
Afanasiev Culture
Karasuk Culture
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline

Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline

SEYANTO

Seyanto, Se-Yanto/Se-yanto, Xueyantuo, Hsüeh-yen-t'o, and other variations

Subdivisions and ethnic affiliates

100 BC-950 AD

Great wall 2nd c. BC Syanbi ca 200 AD   Syanbi Yan 350 AD  Tarim Basin ca. 600 AD Kyrgyz Kaganate
ca 600 AD
Uigur Kaganate
ca 740 AD
Kimak Kaganate
ca 750 AD
     
       

Links

http://www.tataroved.ru/publicat/turky.pdf

Mini-Glossary

Note that the listed spellings of all terms are somewhat variable within the English-language literature (e.g. Teles/Toles etc.), and the meanings are the usual meanings, with a wide latitude in time and space.

Teles - eastern   Tegin - Prince        
Tardush - western   Khanlyk - Khandom        
Yabgu - Western Ruler              
Shad - Eastern Ruler              

 

Forword

 Unfortunately, most of the dates are approximate, lined up to indicate a relative order of the news or events, and their accuracy varies from half of a decade to quarter of a century to a century, indicated by trailing zeroes in the date. Thus, 1800 BC could conservatively be 1850 to 1750, but could easily be 1900 to 1700, and even worse. Similarly, 650 could conservatively be 630 to 670, but could easily be 620 to 680, and 670 could conservatively be 665 to 675, but could easily be 660 to 680. The exact dates are shown exactly, as given in the sources, ending in zero only in 10% of the cases.

Records of Rus annals, which do not discriminate between Kumans and Kipchaks but call either one Polovets, are rendered here as Kipchaks, unless a complimentary record allows discernment between these two groups.

DATELINE
Time Events
-3000 3th-2nd Millenniums BC Formation of a cattle breeding economy of shepherd type in Yenisei
-1766 Eventually recorded Chinese traditions tell of Kia, 17th member of old Hia dynasty, dethroned due to "evil ways". His son Sunni (Sünni) went with 500 members of his Hia nationality to his Hun relatives. In China, Hia still has many common words with Altaic languages
-1766 Oldest Türkic words in Chinese annual chronicles are noting cultural and political events. Hun (Hsiung-nu, Xiong Nu, Xiongnu, etc.) words tanry, kut, byoryu, ordu, tug, kylych etc. are oldest monuments of Turkish (i.e. Türkic) language. State rulers endoethnonym is Hun, Türkic "kin"
1390 BC First elements of Hun state in highlands of Ordos
1200 BC Andronovans were settled peasants and cattle-breeders. Around 1200 BC in Khaks-Minusinsk depression Andronovans were crowded out by newcomers of Karasuk Culture from northern China, followed by assimilation of local Caucasoid people by newcomer Northern Mongoloids, that becomes a new archeological Tagar Culture, and first state, "Ding-ling Go" in Chinese. On southern border of "Ding-ling Go" formed the Hun ethnos. First invasion of Huns into China is dated by 822 BC in the "Book of Songs". Then invasions become mostly by a different ethnic group, Juns. Some of Jun's raids are sometimes attributed to Huns.
  While Chinese and Juns were destroying each other, in the steppes of Central Mongolia and S.E. Baikal grew a new culture, typical for Huns Slab Grave Culture. Their Bronze culture developed into Iron culture, and in addition to "laymen kurgans" appeared "royal kurgans"
1200 BC First Hun state in highlands of Ordos (must be misdated)
800 BC Sword myths traditions are all early Anatolian, are also found in Hun and Magyar traditions and mentioned by Herodotus amongst early Scythians
685 BC 685 - 643 BC Rule in Tsi of Huan - hun
679 BC 679 BC Huan - hun organizes a congress of rulers (i.e. kurultai) in Tsi, taking that right from Chjou
659 BC 659 - 621 Rule of Mu-hun in Tsin
318 BC First historical document connected with Huns is Chinese-Hun treaty signed in 318 BC  
230 BC Touman (Tumen, 240 - 210 BC), of clan Suylyanti with a bull totem establishes Hunnic Empire
214 BC In Chinese annalistic records, Qin (Tsin) Chinese ruler Si Huang Ti (259-210 BC) builds Great Chinese Wall against attacks of Huns. The real picture is that Si Huang Ti connected walls built by independent Chinese principalities into a continuous line to encircle steppe pasturelands stolen from the Huns, and to keep enslaved Chinese people in China. For Huns' raids, and their attempts to recover lost ancestral pasturelands, the walls were never an obstacle.
209 BC Touman died (Tumen, 240 - 209 BC), accession to throne of Maotun (Batur, 210 - 174 BC), founder of Hun Empire. Expansion of Hun Empire
202 BC 202 BCE9 CE is called Western Han period and state in Chinese periodization (capital Chang'an, modern Xi'an), 25220 CE  is called Eastern Han period and state (capital Luoyang)
204 BC Huns occupied Central Mongolia and steppes of E. Baikal, defeated Tuguses (Ch. 东胡 Donghu/Tung-hu), invaded China, and forced Chinese Western Han emperor Liu Bang to pay tribute. 202 BCE9 CE
204 BC HUN EMPIRE Ch.匈奴 Xiongnu, Hsiung-nu, etc.
204 B.C - 216 A.D
Area - At north, Siberia; south, Tibet - Kashmir; east, Pacific Ocean; west, Caspian Sea; (Total Area - 18,000,000 Km 2)
Founder - Mete (Bagatir, Maotun, Batur)
177 BC Mete Khan (Maotun) letter to Chinese government describes that 26 nations are in Turkish sate and all of them became "nations stretching bow-string", or Huns. Among Hunnish subjects are Tele and Ases (Ch. Yuezhi), i.e. Ases proper and their former poly-ethnic subjects
177 BC Sima Qian (司馬遷) in Shiji (史記), written from 109 BC to 91 BC, mentioned tribe Küishe along with Kirgizes, Dinlins and Sinli subjugated by Maotun. Küishe was variously interpreted as Kipchaks (< kyichak, Bernshtam and majority of Turkologists), and Kuchuk (Aristov, Zuev)
177 BC 177 BC-ca 300 AD. As Chinese learn more about Huns and their constituent tribes, Chinese chronicles start recording names 敕勒 Chiele /鐵勒Tele and Chinese nicknames 高车 Gaogyuys and 高車 Gaoche for Tele tribes. Most powerful of Tele tribes was tribe Sary = Sir = Yellow (Blond) with their kyshtym subjects Yanto, called by Chinese with a combination Seyanto
174 BC Mete Khan (Maotun) by the end of his reign controlled Manchuria, Mongolia, Tarim Basin, over twenty states east of Samarkand
133 BC Western Han Emperor Wu launched series of massive military invasions of Xiongnu territory, culminating in 119 BCE at Battle of Mobei, Xiongnu court was forced to flee north of Gobi Desert
115 BC Between 11560 BCE Western Han forces fought the Huns over control of Tarim Basin oasis city-states. Eventually Western Han won and in 60 BCE established "Protectorate of " Western Regions"
63 BC Huns regain control over Tarim Basin Basin
51 BC Hun Shayu Huhanye (Ch. 呼韓邪) suffered defeat and sought protection from Western Han Emperor Yuan. Winner of internecine conflict Zhizhi (Jiji) Chanyu (r. 5636 BCE) was killed by Chinese at the Battle of Zhizhi (Jiji), in modern Taraz, Kazakhstan
1AD Huns regain independence from Western Han
48 AD Internecine conflict splits 8 Hun's tribes who migrate under protection of Eastern Han, forming a splinter state of Southern Huns. Hun state north of Gobi desert started to be called Northern Hun. Following events indicate that Tele remained with Northern Huns
87 Northern Huns lose control of their state after defeat in 87-93 war from a coalition of Eastern Han Chinese, Syanbi, and Tele (Dinglings in Ch. annals). Tele regain independence, Tarim Basin probably remains under Tele control, Syanbi move west to take over Hun's domain area, Huns trek west to Altai (93-c.380) and beyond. Part of Huns called Weak Huns "Yueban" settled in Jeti-su and Tarbagatai, Yueban state was destroyed by Tele confederation ca. 490 AD
91 Demography: In 91 So.Huns had 34,000 yurts, comprising 237 300 people. As many captured and switching sides joined So.Huns. Many Huns settled in China.
94 Syanbi rebellion straightened Syanbi after in 93-94 AD 100,000 Hun families (400,000 people) joined Syanbi and "adopted Syanbi name" (L.Gumilev, "History of Hun people", Ch.14, sect.6).
155 Between 155 and 166 Hsien-pi/Hsien-pei/Xienbi/Syanbinians (Tungus-future Mongols) confederate under Tian-Shih-huai (in Ch. rendition) conduct a series of campaigns against Western (Northern) Hun dominance, leading Huns to major defeat and start westward migration (93-c.380). 
158 Starting in 158 So. Huns join Syanbi in mass, majority of 200,000 So. Huns deserted to Syanbi. Demographically, with 600,000 Huns and 120,000 Syanbinians, Syanbi becomes predominantly Hunnish, Türkic state. Blend of Tungus and Türkic languages eventually resulted in Mongol language.
166 Major defeat of Huns by Hsien-pi/Xienbi/Syanbinians, who shifted to Orkhon-Selenga basin and formed a nucleus replacing Huns as dominant tribe in Western (Nothern) Hun Empire, over old Hun's territory including Usun in the west, Tele (Dinlins, Ch. Ting-ling, 敕勒 Ch'ih-le/Chile) in the north, bordering Fu-yü in the east, and Chinese Great Wall in the south, spanning approximately 4,000 li (1,663 km) east-west, and 7,000 li (2,911 km) north to south
166 Syanbi EMPIRE Ch.鲜卑 Xianbei, Hsien-pei, etc.
166 - 235 A.D
Area - At north Siberia/Huns; south Huns/China; east Tungus tribes; west Tele, Huns, Turfan Basin; (Total Area - 2,500,000 Km2, Gumilev: 6.5 mln Km2, which does not agree with his map)
Founder - Tanshikhuai/Tian-Shih-huai
200 By 200 AD, instead of single Hun people appeared four branches
1. Northern Huns, mixed with Ugrs in Siberia, untamed, and wild far from cultural centers.
2. Yueban Huns, strongly influenced by Sogdian culture
3. Syanbi Huns, mixed tribes in Khalka and Chakhar; they were an ethnic substrate from which later developed Trkic-speaking and Mongolic-speaking tribes of Early Middle Ages (ca 600,000 Huns).
4. Chinese Huns, in a process of assimilation which only ended by 5th c. AD (eyeball estimate 100-200,000 people)
215 Independent history of So.Huns ended in 215 AD, when Shanyu Huchutcuan was arrested, and to govern Huns was appointed Chinese viceroyal
265 Hunnic tribes' mass migration to the west from the eastern part of the Central Asia and from Ordos. Hun tribe Ashina migrated to area of small statelets Pinlyan and Hesi. After China defeated Pinlyan ca 450+, Ashina trekked away to Gaochang mountains, Jujans subjugated and settled them on southern slopes of Mongolian Altai, where ancestors of the Ashina Türks were metalwork kyshtyms for Jujan kagans.
300 "Tele anscestors were descendents of Huns", "Tele language (Uigur) is similar to Hun's  language" ,
300
Tele Genealogy:
Tele (Turk. "Coach") => Gaogyuys (Chinese "High Coach"), 15 tribes
1 Uange (Uigurs)
2 Seyanto (Sir + Yanto)
3 Kibi (Kibirs)
4 Dubo (Tubalar)(Dabo)(Tele)
5 Guligan (Kurykan)(Yakut)
6 Dolange (Telengits)
7 Bugu (Pugu)(Uigurs)
8 Bayegu (Baiyrku)(Uigurs)
9 Tunlo (Tongra)(Uigurs)
10 Hun
11 Sygye (Uigurs)
12 Husye
13 Higye
14 Adye(Eduz)
15 Baysi (Barsil)
Bichurin 1.4 recites 12 Tele ancestral tribes in Ch. rendition
see analysis by Gumilev:

1, Lifuli () (Barsil? "fu-li" is "bori" = Tr. wolf),
2. Tulu () (Tunlo? Dulo? Dubo?),
3. Ichjan (),
4. Dalyan (),
5. Kuhe (),
. Dabo () (Dubo?),
7. Alun (),
8. Moün (),
9. Syfyn (),
10. Fufulo (),
11. Kiüan () (Kiyan?),
12. Üngupei ().
300 Timeline for Tele needs to split into at least 15 branches, because each tribe had its own fate. Some tribes are barely known, while others accumulated rich trove of historical records and events. Some tribes are united into confederations, sharing their history for a section of timeline. Others split early, and strike on their own. Many branches developed into voluminous literature, among them Uigurs, Oguzes, and Kipchaks.
300 Seyanto (Sir + Yanto) occupied steppes between Mongol Altai and E. Tienshan in 4-7 c.
300 Seyanto: Se-Yanto is a twin ethnical conglomerate, with one component being typical nomadic cattle-breeding people travelling in nomadic wagons, and other component typical mountain taiga foot hunting people, with yurts covered with birch bark, birch sap instead of kumys, fighting on foot, and marriage and burial traditions distinct from Türkic traditions. Dominating Türkic dynastic tribe Sary (Ch. Se) with dependent "budun" people Eniseian, Tungus, or Türko-Tungus = future Mongolic language
304 "Southern" Huns, who sought Chinese protection, instead lived under Chinese overlordship. They rebelled for independence, and freeing from Chinese rulers, established empire called in Chinese annals Liu Yuan Northern Han (capital Pingyang, 304-318), ruling the whole of north China, then renamed to Liu Yao (Former) Zhao (capital Chang'an 318-329) to appeal to former glory of Huns, and then called in Chinese annals "Later Zhao" (capital Chang'an 329-349)
334 TOBA WEI EMPIRE (Northern Wei in Ch. historiography)
338-534
Founder - Türkic tribe Toba (Tr. Tabgach)
Area - Northern China
337 Syanbi state Early Yan. Syanbi are thought to be originally Tunguses, later they migrated and split into Manju/Manchu, Koreans, and Japanese. Syanbi leading tribe was Türkic tribe Tabgach, and Chinese records about Syanbi preserved Türkic lexicon, probably because it was a lingua franca. Türkic borrowing may explain Türkic influence in Tungusic, Korean and Japanese that led to their classification by some linguists as "Altaic" languages, so far an uncatchable category. Chinese pinyin terms: Syanbi - Xiānbēi 鲜卑, Tabgach - Toba - Tuoba 拓跋, Tungus - Donghu 东胡, Early Yan period - Qin Yn 前燕
337 Part of Tele tribes that are located So. of Gobi join Tabgaches of Syanbi state Early Yan (Bichurin 1.4)
349 In 349 or 350CE, ethnically Chinese adopted son of Hunnu Shanyu Jan Min seized power from last Shanyu of Later Zhao and encouraged Han Chinese to slaughter Jie (羯) Huns people, a large number of which were living in the Zhao capital, Ye. In this massacre and ensuing wars, hundreds of thousands of Kiat (Kangar)/Jie, Qiang (羌), and Hun (匈奴) men, women, and children were killed. When Jan Min in 350 AD ordered to extinguish all Huns to the last, "died many Chinese with high noses" (Grumm-Grjimailo G.E "Western Mongolia..." p. 15, L.Gumilev, "History of Hun people", Ch.2, sect.1). As a result of this massacre, three of the five main "barbarian" ethnic groups in China disappeared from Chinese history
350 Yanto are listed among Hun's tribes located east of Ordos. Yanto Shanyu is Ala-tou/Ala-at-tou/Alat-tou (Ch. Hala-tou), a Türkic name called in Ch. Boma = "Skewbald Horse tribe", Ordos part of tribe numbers 35,000 wagons, or 150,000 people. Alat-tou belongs to a clan of tribe Se (Sir/Sary), who at some time wiped out Yanto leadership, and took over leadership of Sary/Yanto confederation
357 "Leader of Sünnu (Huns) Shanyu Heloγ Tou (i.e. Ala-at Tou/Alat Tou, "Skewbald Horses tribe", in Chinese "Boma", [tamga ]), leading 35 thousand submitted to (dynasty) Early Yan (Syanbi state Former Yan/Sixteen Kingdoms, simplified Chinese 前燕, pinyin: Qin Yn, 337-370). Apparently tribe [Yan]to are their descendants. [Yanto] lived intermixed with tribe Se (Sir/Sary), therefore they are called Se-yanto. Surname [of Kagan clan] Ili-tu (Il-ter). From generation to generation [Se-yanto] were a strong tribe". Seyanto and Bugu had identical tamgas.
These Alats/Alachins/Seyanto/Boma settled inside Early Yan territory, east of Ordos and north of Huanhe.
390 Major movement of Tele tribes from So. of Gobi in Syanbi state Early Yan to N. of Gobi. Ch. annals call Tele "Hoihu" = Uigurs, but list 15 constituent tribes of Tele. Tele took over long strip of land from Argun westward to Tarbagatai ridge (Bichurin 1.4)
402 402-552 JUJAN (柔然) KAGANATE
ca 402 - 552 A.D
Founder -
Area -
410 Syanbinian Jujan Khan Shelun Deuday unlimitedly controlled steppes from Khingan to Altai. Tele were subjugated, i.e . Seyanto, if they already were amalgamated Sary and Yanto, fall into Jujan vassalage. Central Asian Huns, after winning battle at river Ili, recognized suzerainty of Syanbinian Jujans and bought peace by submissiveness. "Weak Huns" (Ch. Yueban) remain independent. European Huns expand into Central Europe.
410 Some Tele tribes subjugated by Jujans. Bichurin 1.4: Fufulo tribe is subjugated by Jujans

420

WHITE HUN (EPHTALITE) EMPIRE (Abdaly, Ch. Yeh-ta, Yanda, Hua 嚈噠)
420 - 552 A.D
Founder - Aksuvar (Aksungur) (for Ak and Suvar in Türkic ethnonyms, see M.Zakiev)
Area - Half of Northern India, Afghanistan, parts of Turkistan, Eastern Turkestan but also significant parts of Central Asia (Tokharistan, Chaganian, Samarkand, Bukhara, Kesh, Ferghana, Chach (Total Area - 3,500,000 Km2)
487 Tele assert their independence from Jujanes. Tele leader Afuchjilo, with his cousin Tsunki, are titled - , and , (Bichurin 1.4)
487 From 487 to 541 Turfan was an independent kingdom ruled by Tele tribe
492 Tele army repels Jujan punitive raid, Syanbinian Jujan Khan Doulun killed, end of Syanbinian Jujan overlordship over steppes and Tele.
Nagay becomes Syanbinian Khan (Kagan)
492 Tele Uigurs dismember Yueban state into its component four tribes, Chuyue, Chumi, Chumuhun, and Chuban. Chuyue joins with Türks (Ashina Türks), forming Shato tribe in Southern Dzungaria, west from the lake Barkul (Gumilev)
495 Idanians (Ephtalites?) killed Tsunki, and captured his sons and grandsons, including Mivotu (Bichurin 1.4). Tsunki people dispersed, some went to Toba Wei, some tos. 
495 In 495-496 Tele (and Yuebans) were subjugated by Abdaly (Ephtalites).
495 495-?? Some Tele tribes are subjects of intensely Buddhist and well-organized Ephtalite state. Seyanto are good candidates for dependency because of their proximity to Jeti-su. Seyanto previous overlord was Jujan Kaganate.
496 After Afuchjilo, Baliyan becomes Tele leader. Idan (??) started war with Tele to install Mivotu, Baliyan was killed and Mivotu was installed as Tele ruler, Tele location is N. of Gobi
500 In turbulent time, Toba Wei send occupation army to Turfan Basin, setting up Ch. administration, and separating Jujans, Idans (Ephtalites?) and Togons (Tuyuhun, a Syanbi state)
508 Mivotu is Tele ruler, in vassalage to Ephtalites. Helps Tabgach (Empire Toba Wei)'s 3K army defeat Syanbi Jujanes at lake Puley, after being paid 60 pieces of silk by Tabgach (Empire Toba Wei). Mivotu is rewarded with musical instruments. Syanbi Jujan's Futu (Tarkhan Khan?) dies in battles (Bichurin 1.4).
In another version (Bichurin 1.4) Mivotu was defeated  at lake Puley, fled 300 li westward.
516 Mivotu battle with Jujan's Cheunu, is captured, killed, Cheunu made a drinking cup of his skull. Mivotu's one of Tele tribes treks to Idan (Ephtalites) (Bichurin 1.4). Jujan Khan Cheunu attacks Tele's kingdom Gaogyuy, captures Tele chief Mivota, Tele [leadership] escape to Abdaly (Ephtalites) (Gumilev)
519 Mivotu younger brother Ifu returned to his court, becomes Tele leader, sends envoys to China (Toba Wei emp. Xiao Ming-di Xiao 孝明帝 516-528)
520 Ifu defeats Jujan Polomyn, who fled to Gansu
522 Ifu is defeated by Jujans, Ifu younger brother Yuegui killed him, and became Tele leader
534 Jujan's Anahuan with his horde attacks Tele's kingdom Gaogyuy, defeats it (Toba Wei emp. Thyan-phin 534-537, Bichurin 1.4).
Tele's lord Ifu killed by his brother Yuegyuy, who continues resistance, is defeated, killed by Ifu's son Bidi.
540 Tele's kingdom Gaogyuy under Bidi is defeated by Jujans and Gaogyuy state stops existing (nonsense).
In Chinese sources Chinese exoethnonym "Gaogyuy" is replaced with Türkic endoethnonym "Tele" (Tr. "coach")
Yuegyuy's son Kyuybin fled to Eastern Toba Wei (emp. Hin-ho/Xiao Jing Di 孝靜帝/Yuan Shanjian 元善見, 534-550, Bichurin 1.4), but soon died from desease
541 Turfan, via Tele rule, falls under Jujan suzerainty, Tele lose Silk Road income, Jujans gain it
547 In 547 Türks subdued Tele (and Üebans). This fast change of ruling tribes helped survive Üeban Huns, later they developed into four Türkic tribes: Chuüe, Chumi, Chumuhun (Chumugun) and Chuban
550 KYRGYZ KAGANATE
ca 550 - 1293 A.D
Founder -
Area - borders: W - Abakan Ridge and Alatau, S - W. Sayan Ridge, E - probably E.Sayan Ridge, N - to taiga and estuary of r. Angara
550 West Tele tribes revolt against Syanbi Jujan dominance, and attack Syanbinian Jujan heartland from western Djungaria toward Khalka
550 March of West Tele army is intercepted in middle by Ashina Türk's army coming from valleys of Gobi Altai in lined formations, covered by armored plates, on well fed war horses.
West Tele army, surprised by unintended enemy, pledged submission to Ashina Türk's Khan Bumyn
550 Ashina Türk's Bumyn, by accepting West Tele tribes vassalage, displays another disloyalty to Syanbi Jujan suzerainty

552

FIRST TÜRKIC KAGANATE (GOKTÜRK EMPIRE)
552 - 743 A.D
Founder - Bumin Khan (Tumen)
Area - From Black Sea across Asia along northern borders of Mongolia and China almost to Pacific Ocean, and valleys of Altai Mountains (Ergenikon) (Total Area - 18,000,000 Km 2)

552

End of WHITE HUN (EPHTALITE) EMPIRE
420 - 552 A.D
Founder - Aksuvar (Aksungur)
Area - Half of Northern India, Afghanistan, parts of Turkistan, Eastern Turkestan but also significant parts of Central Asia (Tokharistan, Chaganian, Samarkand, Bukhara, Kesh, Ferghana, Chach (Total Area - 3,500,000 Km2)
552  
590 Seyanto occupy two areas, a larger part in Djungaria, and a smaller part in Khangai, with a court in "Yanmo" mountains, likely Chinese for a range or a gorge in Altai.
604 Rebellious Tele in basin of Selenga area pacified, but Djungaria and Tarim basin did not return to Eastern Khaganate
604 Nominally Dzungaria and Tarim basin belonged to Western Türkic Kaganate.
However Kibirs (Ch. Kibi) on north slopes of East Tien-Shan and Seyanto on So. Slopes of Altain-Nuru crest fought Western Türks for 2 years (605-606) and gained their freedom.
605 Western Türkic Kaganate Chora-Kagan (Ch. Chulo) collected tax beyond any measure; Seyanto and other tribes were outraged. Chora became furious. He invited few hundreds of Oguz leaders and chiefs and ordered to behead all of them to the last man.
605 Kurultai of rebelling Oguzes installed Gelen from a tribe Kibir as a Yagmurchyn (rain-caller) Baga-Kagan; his residence was on the northern slopes of the Tamgan mountains. Two lesser Kagans is appointed:  son of local erkin Yshbara with a name Yetir (yeti er "seven tribes") of Seyanto located north from the Yanmo (Altai?) mountain..
605 KIBIR KAGANATE
605-610 AD
Founder - Yagmurchyn Baga-Kagan and Yshbara Yetir Kagan. Joint effort by Seyanto and Kibi tribes to secede from Western Türkic Kaganate.
Area - North of Tarim Basin
606 New state was created in Djungaria, under Kibir leadership, with a vast territory and including settled population necessary for nomadic state, in oases Karashar, Turfan and Hami.
Kibir prince Gelen took title Mokhe-Khan. Seyanto leader Yshbara (Ch. Ishibo) subordinated to Gelen, but retained control over his tribe.
Kibir-Seyanto state was likely a tribal union.
606 New Kibir Kaganate inflicts heavy defeats on Western Türkic Kaganate Chora-Kagan, sends embassy to Tang, and signed a military accord with Tang
608 Within framework of military accord with Tang, Kibir Kaganate army in defeated Tuyuyhun (Togon, a splinter of Syanbi) state
610 When after Chora-Kagan was raised Yakui-Kagan (Ch. Egui, 610-617) to Western Türkic Kaganate throne, both rulers of Kibir Kaganate renounced their Kagan ranks. Yagmurchyn left political stage, Seyanto tribal leader Yshbara apparently heads Kibi and Seyanto.
617 Tong-Yabgu-Kagan (617-630) began his rule by annexing Tele/Oguz tribes with armed hand.
619 Both Tele leaders, Kibir Mokhe-Khan and Seyanto's Ynan (aka Inan), subordinate to Tung Djabgu Kagan = Djabgu of Shenuy (Djabgu instead of  Yabgu indicates Kipchak/Ogur dialect).
Djungaria returned to Western Kaganate.
627 In 627 Yshbara's grandson, Ynan-erkin (Ch. Inan), with his people numbering 70 thousand families (300,000 people) migrated to possessions of Eastern Türkic Kaganate El-Kagan (Ch. Seli,  Kat Il Khan, 620-630). Seyanto tribe and Djungaria left Tong-Yabgu-Kagan Western Türkic Kaganate and joined Eastern Türkic Kaganate ruled by Kat Il Khan.
627 Ynan-erkin attack and defeat army of El-Kagan's son Yukuk-Shad (Ch. Yuigu-she), military commander of all Oguz tribes in Northern Mongolia.
627 Seyanto and Uigurs, both Tele tribes, help each other in Kaganate.
Seyanto's Ynan and Uigur's Pusa support each other.
628 Seyanto tribe with 70K yurts gains independence.
628 Ynan-erkin with his Seyanto tribe settled in valley of r. Tola (Dulo) in Northern Mongolia, and his allies in struggle against Türks (ETK) became Oguz tribes led by Uigur leader Pusa, who after victory over one hundred-thousand army of Yukuk-Shad assumed title Kat-elteber (Ch. go-selifa). Ynan-erkin declared himself (629) a Jenchu Bilge-Kagan (Jenchu = Pearly is Manichean attribute; Kagan is elective position).
628 SEYANTO KAGANATE
631 - 646 A.D
Founder - Ynan-erkin, title Jenchu-Bilge-Kagan (Pearly Wise Kagan)
Area - all lands and tribes of Eastern Türkic Kaganate. Parts of Kaganate territory are occupied by Tang (Tarim and Middle Asia), parts recognize nominal suzerainty of Tang (Uigurs) (two complementary maps are shown until Seyanto Kaganate map becomes available)

629 Tele Seyanto, member of Western Türkic Kaganate, ascended to power, controlling Central Asia, and subordinated Kyrgyz Kaganate until 647
629 Seyanto-Oguz union fell apart in 629, when Seyanto Ynan-erkin declared himself Jenchu Bilge-Kagan. New ruler of Uigurs Tumidu began to be called ulug-elteber (Great Elteber, ca. "Great Chancellor, Great Yabgu", Ch. hulu-sylifa)
629 Eleven Tele Oguz tribes solicit Tang's suzerainty. Among Tele tribes Tangshu lists Uigur, Dolange (Telengits), Pugu, Baegu, Tunlo, Syte, Huse, Ade, Kibi, Hige, Syge, Baisi, Gegu (Kipchaks and Enisei Kirgizes), Guligan (Kurykan, Yakut, Sakha), Guilobo, and Hun.
629 Tele people are split into independent Seyanto state and dependent Uigur state. Other principal Türkic states are Avar Kaganate and Bulgar Hun Khanate (Great Bulgaria) in Europe, Western Türkic Kaganate (remnants) in Middle Asia, Eastern Türkic Kaganate (remnants) and Kirgiz state in Central Asia.
630 Tele Karluks rebel against Western Türkic Kaganate, Tung Yabgu (23) dies, W. Kaganate split, SW and NE. SW run by Nushibis, under Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) (631-631), installed by Nishu Khan Shad (32), son of Baga Shad (24). NE run by Tele (Dulu), under Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) (630-631).
630 Tele tribes split. Six northern Tele tribes Uigurs, Bayarku, Edizes, Tongra, Bokuts, and Baisi living near Utuken mountains join Sibir Khan Yabgu (Ch. Shibi-Kagan) of NE W. Kaganate. Tribes of Seyanto Yshbar-erkin in Tamgan mountains side with  SW W. Kaganate Irbis Bolun Yabgu (Ch. Yakui-Kagan)
630 Seyanto pursue Türkic Chebi Khan who finds refuge in Altai valley with 30K army. Eventually Chebi Khan horde is resettled in Eastern Kaganate vacated by Seyanto
631 Seyanto tribe keeps independence.
631 Seyanto under China = 70K wagons
631 Uigur leader Tumidu, heir of Pusa, defeated Seyantos and seized their ranges.
Emperor Taitszun sent an embassy to Seyanto leader Ynan and recognized him as Khan, as a counterweight to Uigurs. Uigurs subordinated and recognized new Khan.
631 Seyanto state organized as Türk's. Khan's sons are Shads, leading tolos (North) and tardush (South).
Army numbered 200K lances, smaller than was 1,000K of Türk's Shibir Khan.
631 Seyanto state successfully controlled all Türk's leaders except for Ordos Türks under Chinese protection. Some Ordos Türks move north into Seyanto state.
631 New Seyanto state spread from Altai to Khingan and from Gobi desert to Baikal.
632 Seyanto gave a blow from behind.
Ashina Chuni, loyal to traditions of Eastern Türkic Kaganate, raised his army against Seyanto.
He had 50K army without success.
634 Seyanto tribe with 70K wagons keeps independence.
639 Seyanto ally with Gaochan in defense of Gaochan from Empire Tang aggression. Gaochan is attacked and occupied.
641 Türks in service of Tang Empire are moved to north bank of Huanhe and serve as a barrier against Seyanto.
641 Seyanto Khan Ynan organized expedition against restored Türk's Kaganate in Tang's vassalsge on north bank of Huanhe.
Seyanto army demolished 80%.
645 Seyanto Khan Ynan died.
646 Remains of Seyanto Horde loses to Empire Tang army and is dispersed forever.
Uigurs fought Seyanto with Empire Tang and become loyal subjects and fight in all wars for Empire Tang.
646 Seyanto Kaganate was destroyed by Empire Tang and their allied Uigurs, people were mercilessly wiped out.
Remains of Seyanto dispersed by slopes of Beyshan, and joined Türks.
646 END of SEYANTO KAGANATE
631 - 646 A.D
Founder - Ynan-erkin, title Jenchu-Bilge-Kagan (Pearly Wise Kagan)
Area - all lands and tribes of Eastern Türkic Kaganate. Parts of Kaganate territory are occupied by Tang (Tarim and Middle Asia), parts recognize nominal suzerainty of Tang (Uigurs) (two complementary maps are shown until Seyanto Kaganate map becomes available)

649 Türkic Chebi Khan horde is resettled in East Kaganate vacated by Seyanto.
679 Kipchaks restored Türkic  Kaganate, second
component = sirs, descendants of Seyanto,
became 'Kok Türk' = blue Türks
Known as Kipchaks from that time
950 In 10th c. most Syanbis assimilated in China (Gumilev 1993, p.197). However, see Xianbei and links leading to Tuyuhun Kingdom (i.e. Togon, 284-670), Xia (407-431), Western Xia (1038-1227), and Xibe
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