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Russian Version needs a translation
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
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Karluk Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline

SABIRS

Sabirs, Sabaroi, Sabiri, Savari, Sabans, Sibirs, Suvars, Zubur, Subartuans, Chuvash
Aksuvars, Aksungurs, Severyans, Sevruks
(Siberian Tatar folklore) and other variations

The self-designation of the Georgian ethnic group Svan (Svanetia) is Shüanär, which is consistent with assertion that Svans are descendents of Türkic Suvars-Subars-Sabirs, and their history belongs both to the Georgian history and Suvar history. See L.Gmyrya Caspian Hun Country

Archeological Culture

Romen () http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/-_

 
a little nugget at www.hostkingdom.net/siberia.html

SABIR A Hunnic tribe that briefly established a powerful state north of the Caucasus.  They were attested in Mesopotamia ca 2000 BC. and again in 900 BC. They may have been attested to as early as 124 BCE, in which case they are ultimately Sarmatian or Scythian in origin. They were allied with Sassanid Persia until c.550, when they were enticed to join a Byzantine-led coalition.

To the Huns.395-460 CE
Independent Khanate 460-560
Belek...early 500's-520's
Bogarik (fem.)...520's-550's
To the Avars...560-600
To the Gok Turks...600-630
Possibly one of the component peoples of the Khazar Kaganate

 
Subar/Sabir/Suvar/Chuvash Anabasis

Political map of Eastern Europe ca 800 AD
showing Suvar domain within Khazar Kaganate

 
DATELINE
Time Events
2,500 BC In the historical period, Sabirs had inglorious beginning. In earliest Mesopotamia, the word Subarian became a synonym for slave. Apparently, Sabirs were kyshtyms of the Sumerian Kangars
750 BC Hesiod, 7th Century BC, writes: Inventors of bronze working were Scythians. The early Mesopotamian name for metal is Zubur, indicating that northern Mesopotamian Subartuans or a people of that region were indeed inventors of process.
124 BC Sabir (Sabaroi) are allied with Asi (Ases, Yazig, or Asiani), and Tochars, break into Sogdiana and Bactria. In next five years two Parthian emperors loose their lives in wars. Later Sakauraka (Türkic Saka-farmers) tribe is also conquered by them. Sakauraka may be any semi-sedentary Saka people living in Aral, Sary-Kamysh, and Caspian river deltas who do not need to resort to meridional or mountainous pasturing. Saka comes from the Türkic word saka foothills [Kashgari, vol. 3, p. 246], in Türkic the words Togar (Tochar, Tokhar) and Saka are synonymous, both meaning Mountaineer.
139 AD Ptolemy (83?-161? AD) writes that in European Sarmatia below Agathyrsi (Akatsirs, Türkic agach ers forest people) live Savari (Türkic Suvars), between Basternae and Rhoxolani (Tr. Uraksy Alans, i.e. Alans-farmers) live Huns
420 WHITE HUN EMPIRE 420 - 552 A.D
Founder - Aksuvar (Aksungur)
Area - Half of northern India, Afghanistan, parts of Turkistan
(Total Area - 3,500,000 Km2)
450 Per Priscus, Sabirs conquered lands of Onogurs, Saragurs and Ugors in steppes around north-western Caspian coast.
453 After Atilla's death, by drawing lots, to Ellak, eldest of Atillas sons, was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Sabirs. To Tengiz (DengizikDiggizikh), was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Kutrigurs (Kuturgurs/Kotrags  = West Wing, from köturi = behind = to the west). To Bel-Kermek (Hernach/Irnik/Ernik), youngest, was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Utigurs (Utragurs/Utigurs = East Wing, from utra = front, opposite  = opposite side = to the east. This distribution indicates that Sabirs were a Center Wing, called otra, extending from N.Caucasus to Don and Seim rivers.
454 Coalition of Germanic clans defeats and kills Ellak in battle. Sabirs without Ellak retreat to the East, through Pontic Steppes, to Daghestan. Kutriguri and Utiguri under Bel-Kermek (Hernach), fell back to 'Ugol' (Ul = frontier) place that corresponds to Bessarabia.
469 Western Hunnish clans retreated. Utigurs to Azov-Taman SE of Sea of Azov. Kutrigurs to between Dniepr and Don Rivers, NW from Sea of Azov Utigurs. Sabirs in Daghestan SE of other two Hunnic hordes, between Daryal Gorge and Kuma River on the Caspian Sea.
505 Sabirs from Pannonia begin to immigrate to North Caucasus and Itil valley
505 Sabirs created a powerful federation of akin tribes, Kingdom of Huns. They were populous and had an army of 20,000 well equipped cavalrymen. They were masters of art of war and build siege machines unknown even to Persians and Byzantines. 20,000 army indicates 90-100,000 strong tribe
552 End of WHITE HUN (EPHTALITE) EMPIRE 420 - 552 A.D
Founder - Aksuvar (Aksungur)
Area - Half of northern India, Afghanistan, parts of Turkistan
(Total Area - 3,500,000 Km2)
552 Sabirs switch from allying with Iran to Byzantine and conquer Agvania. Byzantine conquer Italy
554 Persians defeat Sabirs in Agvania.
555 Date of Zacharias Rhetor list of thirteen Hun or Turkic peoples who live in tents, No 3 is sbr Σάβιροι Sabirs Huns, or Huns-Savirs
558 Avars first crushed Türkic Sabirs, allies of Byzantine, who lived on Kuma river and in Dagestan. Avars then crushed Uturgurs, a Bolgarian tribe and also allies of Byzantine, living between Itil and Don, then crushed Zals and Ants on both sides of Don.
558 Sabirs (Suvars) are scattered, Dagestani Savirs are not affected, but Don/Donets Savirs pull back northward, to Chernigiv-Sever area. Sever is Sl. for Suvar
558 Invading Avars attack Hunno-Bulgars. Utiguri, Kutriguri, and Sabiri conquered (559-560).
558 Avars defeat Sabirs in N Caucasus
558 Avarian embassy to Byzantium. Avars defeat Sabirs and Ants.
560 Avar Kaganate extended from Itil to mouth of Danube. Bolgars are split, with Kuturgur Huns (also listed are Onogundurs (10 Oghur Confederation), Hunnogurs, Sabirs belonging to Avar Kaganate, and Utugur Huns (30 Oghur) and Khazars loyal to W. Kaganate
561 Sosroi Nushirvan crushes Sibirs
565 Avars subjugate Hunnugur and Sabir, and other Hunnic hordes, assimilating them under Avar Kaganate.
565 After defeat of their forces by Avars, Khazars took lead in Sabir-Khazar federation. Part of Sabirs move north, to Middle Itil region, among settled there Bolgarian tribes. Their main city Suvar is a great center of Itil Bolgaria.
575 Byzantines entered Caucasian Albania in 575 to subdue residing there Savirs and Albans. Savirs revolted against Byzantine domination and Byzantine generals came forced Savirs and Alvans to move to this side of river Cyrus (Kura) and henceforth remain in Roman country
576 Embassy of Caucasian Savirs and Alans to Byzantine. Emperor Tiberius (578-582) promised Savirs and Alans more favorable terms of alliance than Persian terms
610 Future Gokturks Sibir-Khan (14), Mokhodu, of the most western ulus, is baptized in Constantinople. This starts his fight with Buri-shad (34) (610-618) and Tardu Yabgu (Tun(g)-Yabgu) (23) (618-630). Kubrat is not baptized.
630 Gokturk Kaganates Sibir-Khan (14) recognized independence of Bolgaria under Kubrat of Dulo dynasty, his nephew of feminine line. Notably, the tribal symbols of the Dulo clan of the Bulgars and the Qayn (Kayı) tribe of the Oguzes are the same
630 Qarluqs rebel against Gokturk Kaganate, Tung Yabgu (23) dies, W. Kaganate split, SW and NE. SW run by Nushibis, under Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) (631-631), installed by Nishu Khan Shad (32), son of Baga Shad (24). NE run by Tele (Dulu), under Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) (630-631).
631 Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) replaced by Nishu Khan Shad (32) as Dulu Khan (631-634). Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) killed. W. Gokturk Kaganate reunited.
635 Kubrat escaped dominance of Gokturks and Khazars, by supporting Sibir-Khan in 630. He became independent, defeated Avars. Controlled area near Pontic steppes
700 Sabirs are identified with Romny-Borshchev (8th-10th cc., Lipetsk, Voronej, Bryansk, Kursk and Belgorod provinces) and Volyntsevo (8th-9th cc., between Dnieper and Don rivers) cultures
820 Sabirs are listed in Sogdian document found in Turfan, conditionally named Naf Namak, Remnants of Sabirs remained in Turfan neighborhood long after 5th c. migrations, scholars placed their home-country near Turfan, making Sabirs the known Türkic tribe that lived in symbiosis with Kucha and Argi people (mislabeled Tokharians)
864 Between 864 and 884. First assault of Norman/Viking/Varyag/Ruses on Tabaristan Province of Arab Caliphate with at least some Türkic population of Gilans, Kayi Huns, Masguts, and Savirs. Ruses attacked largest southern port city Abaskun in Astrabad Bay, reportedly Amir killed all Ruses.
882 Salahbi Yolyg (aka Oleg, Oleg the Seer, Olaf, 882-912), Kyiv Ilchibek (regent) for Igor (Ugyr Lachini, 912-945, aka Igor I the Old, Ingvar) set out down river to capture Slavic Dnieper Krivicheys with their ruler's seat in Shamlyn (future Smolensk), and then sailed down to Suvars (Slav. Severyans) and took Lübech, the seat of ruling Khan Alabuga of Baryn line of Suvars. Possibly one of captured Khan Alabuga's daughters became household slave in Salahbi Yolyg household, Malusha intendant (keyholder) of Lübech, who later bore Kiev Knyaz Vladimir. Mal is cattle in Türkic, with derivatives wealth, money, treasure, Malusha is diminutive form with connotation precious, adopted by Slavs. Mal was a popular name in pre-Hunnic n.Pontic.
882 Khan Alabuga of a Baryn line of Sabans (Slavic Berendeis) starts a city later named Bilyar.
884 Salahbi Yolyg (aka Oleg, Oleg the Seer, Olaf, 882-912), Kyiv Ilchibek (regent) for Igor (Ugyr Lachini, 912-945, aka Igor I the Old, Ingvar) raids Khazarian subjects Suvars (Slav. Severyans), defeats them and imposes a nominal tribute, adding Suvars to his Rus realm. Suvars split, one part remaining in place, and part migrating NE to Itil-Kama interfluvial, area of future city Nur-Suvar
895 Itil Bolgaria census lists 550K, 200K are Saban-speaking Bulgars (Suvars), 180K-Ars (Udmurts, Finno-Ugors), 170K-Modjars (Mordva)
907 Byzantine treaty of 907 with (Kyiv? Itil?) allocates a separate tribute to capital of Suvars Chenigov (Karajar)
909 Between 909 and 913. Second assault of Norman/Viking/Varyag/Ruses on Tabaristan Province of Arab Caliphate with at least some Türkic population of Gilans, Kayi Huns, Masguts, and Savirs. Ruses attacked again largest southern port city Abaskun in Astrabad Bay, then Sari in Hyrcania (Yiyrks). Gilan force reportedly killed all Ruses.
913 Largest campaign of Norman/Viking/Varyag/Ruses in Caspian, devastation of Gilan, Deilem, Tabaristan, Abaskun, attacked Baku in Azerbaijan and Shirvan with significant Türkic population of Gilans, Kayi Huns, Masguts, Yiyrks, Azeri, and Savirs. Khazars demolish Rus marauding expedition fleet
922 City Nur-Suvar founded (922-1246). Present name Tatarskiy (Sham-Suar).
930 Itil Bulgaria has 30 cities. Khasan built: Matak, Nukrat, Bandja (Samara ) (Center of Mardan-Bellak ulus), Bulyar (citadel in Bilyar), Kamysh, Simbir, Gazan-Deber, Kashan, Tukhcha, Tau-Kerman (Sviyajsk), Tash-Bolgar, Subash-Simbir, Karadjar, Djilan
943 Campaign of Norman/Viking/Varyag/Ruses in Caspian, capture of Agvan capital Berdaa at a tributary of Kura in Azerbaijan, devastating city, but with large losses. Agvan had significant Türkic population of Gilans, Kayi Huns, Masguts, Azeri, and Savirs.
964 Bulgarian annals provide background information on the Rus campaign against Khazaria, depicting it as a Bulgar liberation war of joint Bulgar-Rus alliance, where Bulgaria paid Ruses for the campaign by leasing out provinces Djir (future Rostov province and city of Russia), Kan (future Murom province and city) and the western Kortdjak (future Moscow, Vladimir and Ivanovo provinces), for an annual tribute equal in size to the tribute from Djir (Bulgar-Rus Treaty of 964). In the campaign participated Turkmens (Oguzes), recently defeated in the lengthy Bulgar-Turkmenian war (ca. 947-ca. 960), and Bajanaks, whose territory the Rus army had to cross, as Rus allies in the campaign. The annals describe Rus army as consisting of 20 thousand Vikings and 50 thousand Slavs.
966 Bandja (Fanagoria), capital of Great Bulgaria in VII c, destroyed by Kiev Knyaz Svyatoslav. Escaped inhabitants established New Bandja in Jiguli on Itil (Murom setlement). During campaign were devastated cities in the North-East Caucasus, including Semender.
977 Ibn Haukal ( Ibn Hawkal) in the Face of the Earth records that Azeri and Persian languages were being used as Lingua Franca across the Caucasus. Ibn Haukal mentiones Azeri language as lingua franca across the Caucasus 2 centuries before Azeris reach Caucasus in consensus version of history
1239 Batu and Yaroslav (Yaroslav Vsevolodovich, 11911246, brother and hair apparent of Vladimir's Grand Prince Yury Vsevolodovich) attack together Chernigiv principality (Chernigiv-Sever)
1246 City Nur-Suvar destroyed (922-1246). Present name Tatarskiy (Sham-Suar).

 
Home
Back
In Russian
Contents Huns
Contents Bulgars
Sources
Roots
Writing
Language
Religion
Genetics
Geography
Archeology
Coins
Wikipedia
Z.Miftakhov On Sabirs
Kamoliddin Toponymy
Besenyos, Ogur and Oguz
Kurgan Culture
Andronov Culture
Afanasiev Culture
Karasuk Culture

Russian Version needs a translation
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline
Updated on: 9/14/2005
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