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Huns Dateline 500-552 AD Continued
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Dynasties
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
Klyosov A. Türkic DNA genealogy
Alinei M. Kurgan Culture Mesolith

Russian Version needs a translation
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline

HUNS
440-499 AD

Huns 1766 BC-336 AD
Huns 337-439 AD
Huns 440-499 AD
Huns 500-552 AD
Huns 552-599 AD
Huns 600-649 AD
Huns 650-699 AD

Huns 700-749 AD
Huns 750-849 AD
Huns 850-949 AD
Huns 950-1099 AD
Huns 1100-1249 AD
Huns 1250-1349 AD
Huns 1350-1499 AD
Huns 1500-1922 AD

          W Hun Empire
ca 450 AD
Bel Kermek Bulgaria
ca 460 AD
Altyn Oba
ca 600 AD
Kurbat Bulgaria
ca 650 AD
 
             
DATELINE
Time Events
440 Atilla has a full control in N. Caucasus. Treaty with Persian Shakh Yazdagar
440 Hephthalites (White Huns, later known in the West as Avars) move south from Altai region to occupy Transoxiana, Bactria, Khorasan, and eastern Persia
441 Huns are again on Danube border, took Singidun (Belgrad)
442 Ultimatum by Atilla to Theodosius II, who rejects it
442 442-447 Huns powerfully invades Byzantium. Destruction of 70 cities in Illiria and Thrace, capture and inclusion of vast territory in Hunnish state
443 Peace between Theodosius II and Atilla. By peace of Anatolius (the mediator of the treaty negotiation) Romans were to pay 6,000 pounds of gold immediately, and yearly tribute set at 2,100 pounds of gold, and immediate release of Hun fugitives
444 Atilla, Kara Bulgar Yabgu, becomes Hun Kagan (445-453) upon death of Kagan Bled (434-445), the highest ruler from Caucasus to Danube. Per Priscus, Bleda had honor burial and three-day giant feast attended by all nobles of Kaganate  Attila's 8 years overshadowed previous and following centuries in memory of Romans
445 Syanbinian Jujan Khan Udi (430-445) died, his son Tukhechjen becomes Khan. Empire Weiundertakes punishment raids into steppes against Syanbinian Jujanes
447 Weishu states that country Sute, i.e. Sogdiana, is ruled by a Xiongnu (Hun) king named Huni, who was third of his line. This is consistent with Huns' center of gravity move to Middle Asia at around 350-370
447 2-nd peace of Anatolius between Byzantiun and Huns. Big tribute to Huns. Hun commander Edeco assented to assassinate Atilla for 50 pounds of gold
448 Byzantian embassy to Atilla, described by Priscus. Byzantian attempt to organize Atilla's murder
448 Akatzirs are reported by Priscus living near Black Sea and subjects to Huns. Attila (7) (437-453) installs Karidach (Kuridach) as Akatzirs Khan
Attila's defeat of Akatsir Scythians and appointment of Ellak as ruler of Pontus Huns
450 In written sources, Huns are identified with Scythians and Cimmerians, and specifically with Royal Scythians. Scythian ethnonym As-kishi, or its stem as is retained in written sources, especially old Georgian documents, in Huns' name as ovs, os
450 Hunnish society attained progress thanks to contact with Roman civilization. In Attila's court, in dwelling place of Onegesios, bath constructed by prisoner from Sirmium are only some examples
450 Priscus: because Scythians are mixed and besides their own language, they try to speak language of Huns, or Goths or Ausoni (Ases), when some of them have to do with Romans
450 Per Priscus, Sabirs conquered lands of Onogurs, Saragurs and Ugors in steppes around north-western Caspian coast
450 Death of Theodosius II Flavy on a hunt (10.4.401). Markian, a son of a plain soldier, becomes Emperor, formally as a husband of Pulheria. 450 Markian refuses to pay tribute to Huns
450 In time of king Vakhtang during their raids in Georgia in 5th century Huns were called Os. Word ovs of Georgian sources is actually a slightly deformed name of a Türkic tribe As
450 Lazar Parbetsi: Allied armies of S.Caucasian countries capture fortifications named pahane Honsü (defense against Hons)
Destruction of Chor (future Derbent) fortress by rebellious Armenians and Albanians
451 Attila heads great army, size of Hunnic army has been variously estimated at between 300,000 and 700,000, crossed Rhine and swept across Europe looting, pillaging, and burning. Aetius battles Attila at Battle of Chalons on Catalaunian Plains
451 451.06.15 Battle of Peoples at Catalaun ravine near present Trua. On Atilla's side are Huns, Geruls, and part of Franks, on Aecius side Roman legions recruited from Gaul and Germany, Vestgoths, Burgunds, Franks, Armorician Alans headed by Sanhiban. No definite result.
451 Sidonius Apollinaris: Khazars follow banners of Attila, and in 452 fought on the Catalanian fields in company with the Black Huns and Alans.
451 Jordanes: In a direct fight battled strongest troops on both sides, without surprise attacks. Mighty tribes were killed, 165K on each side, plus 15K Gepids and Franks who fought at night, killing each other, Franks on Roman side, Gepids on Hun's side
451 Atilla prepares a campain in Italy
452 Italian campain of Atilla, ending with peace. In spite of large conquests, Atilla agreed to peace because of epidemy in his army.
452 Huns invasion in Azerbaijan  (Who led this campaign? Not Attila...)
453 Atilla (434-453) weds young German Ildico. Next morning he is found dead. End of Hunnish hegemony in Central Europe. Atilla is given state funerals. Ellak becomes Hun Kagan (453-454)
453 To Ellak, eldest of brothers, given Sabir ulus, i.e. the Otragur Center Wing, aka Atel-kuzu ( Land of People of our Fathers, Scythian Herra [Land]); to 2-nd son Tengiz (Dengizik/Diggiz) given Kutrigur ulus, i.e. Western Wing Köturgur; to Bel-Kermek, 3-rd son, given Utigur ulus, i.e Eastern Wing  Uturgurs
453 Vestgoths, headed by Torismud, son of killed in Catalaunian Plains Theodorix, defeat Huns and expell them from their territory.
453 Coalition of Germanic clans defeats and kills Ellak in battle at Nedao.
453 Gepids under Ardaric battle Huns under Kagan Ellak. Tingiz (Dengizik/Diggiz) and Bel-Kermek (Hernach, Ernak, Irnik) retreat to a military camp and defend for 2 years. Negotiations allow Tingiz and Bel-Kermek leave with Bulgars, remaining defenders are surrendered to Ardaric.
453 454-565 Gepids control Pannonia. Gepid's reign is established in Dacia (current day Transylvania; Dacians known by Greeks as Gæta, i.e. Goths/Guzes = tribes). Transylvania was inhabited by dominant population of Goths and Gepids without founding any important political entity, Szekely (Esegel/Askal/Iskil/Sekels/Szekely/Szekely-ek/Scyth; S'k'l'/Skydy/Scyth - M.Z.) part of Hun tribes people did not return back to the east and established permanent presence in Transylvania.
454 Several Hunno-Bulgar uluses outside of three main Hunnic hordes joined with Byzantines with obligation of military services, and were given land to settle as protectors against their northern cousins
454 Coalition of Germanic clans defeats and kills Ellak (453-454) in battle at Nedao. Sabirs without Ellak retreat to East, through Pontic Steppes, to Daghestan. Kutriguri (Western Wing Köturgur) and Utiguri (Otragur Center Wing) under Bel-Kermek (Hernach, Ernak, Irnik) fell back to Atel-kuzu (Sl. 'Ugol') place that corresponds to Bessarabia
454 454 - 455 Rebelion in Hun's state. German tribes of Gepids, Rugs, Geruls rebelled. Battle at Nedao (Nedava, tributary of Sava). The coalition was composed of the Gepids, Scires, Suaves, Ruges, Herules and Ostrogoths
454 Jordanes: You could see Goth with lances, Gepids with mad with sword, Rug breaking spears in his wounds, and Svev bravely acting with bat, and Hun with arrow, Alan with heavy, Herule with light weapons.
454 Atilla's son Ellak tried suppress rebelion, was defeated and died in battle. Remains of Ellak's army retreated east of Carpathians. Two other sons Dengizik (454-469? -455?) and Ernak remained in Dacia and Bessarabia. Alans led by ruler Kandak were forced to go to Dobrudja
454 Ostrogoths take part on losing side in battle at Nedao where Gepids under Ardaric crush last Hun coalition. Ostrogoths become sovereign and settle in Pannonia
454 End of EUROPEAN HUN EMPIRE (For European historians; the European Hun Empire is on its way to lose its Central European possessions)
275 - 454 A.D
Founder - brothers Muncuk, Oktar, Rua & Aybars
Area - S Russia, Romania, N Yugoslavia, Hungary, Austria, Chekoslovakia, S& C Germany. From E France to Urals; from N Hungary to Byzantine Empire (Area -4,000,000 Km2)
455 Dengizik (454-469? -455?, aka Tingiz) and Bel-Kermek (Hernach, Ernak, Irnik, 455-465? 463-489?) lead Bulgars, on way from Pannonia to estuary of Buri-chai (Dnieper) are attacked by Gallidjians (Goths, Scandinavians). Tingiz is killed. Bel-Kermek raises red flag of Ases and breaks through to lower Dnieper.
455 Bel-Kermek, 3rd son of Atilla, leads Bulgars to settle between Crimea and estuary of Buri-chai (Dnieper), and proclaims a beylik of Altynoba, with Bel-Kermek as Baltavar (Lord of Beys).
455 Bel-Kermek with Hun's Sadagariem and other tribes remain in Dobrudja (Little Scythia) and Lower Moesia. Later known as Sacromontizies and Fossatizies.
455 Two other Attilla's sons, Emnetzur and Ultzindur lead from Crimea tribes of Ultzindzur and Ultzindgur to Byzantium on right bank of Danube
455 Jews from Armenia and Persia begin migration to North Caucasus
455 Hephthalites conquer Kushans and invade India
456 Byzantine captures Lazika
457 Tabari: in AD 457 Garchistan, Tokharistan, Balkh, Badakhshan were under control of Hephthalite king Akhshunwar (Vakhshunwar, aka Hushnavaz, =Aksongar Tr. white falcon)
460 Chionites (Huns) arrived in mid-4th century, constituting one, though probably not first, wave of immigration from Central Asia into Iran. They were followed successively by Kidarites (ca. 371), Alchons (ca. 400), Hephthalites (ca. 420), and Nezak kings (beginning ca. 460). Chionites cannot be identified with any branch of later Huns.
460 Hephthalites took northern Pakistan from Kidarites. Attacks by Hephthalites could have been the reason why Kidara penetrated into territory of Kushanshahr in AD 370  Hephthalites were second Hunnic wave who entered Bactria early in 5th century AD and drove Kidarites to Gandhara. Garchistan, Tokharistan, Balkh, Badakhshan were under control of Hephthalite king Akhshunwar (Vakhshunwar, in other sources named as Hushnavaz) in AD 457.
460 Bulgar tribes of Ultinzur, Bittugur and Bardor flock to Altynoba, with Bel-Kermek as Baltabar (Lord of Beys). Huns adopt name Bulgar, Bulgars adopt Hun's language.
463 Ogur Türkic tribes, including Onogurs (Onoghur = 10 Ogur Confederation), Saragurs (White Türks) and Uturgurs (Utigurs) (Uturgur = 30 Ogur Confederation) cross Itil and enter Europe.
463 Priscus Rhetor: In 463 Byzantium was visited by an embassy of Saragurs, Urogs and Onogurs, who, dislodged by Avars drive to west, conquered conquered lands of Akacirs and asked for a union with Byzantium. Saragurs subjugate Akatsirs
463 Destunis G.C.: Saragurs, Urogs and Onogurs sent embassy to Byzantine. They said that they were expelled by Savirs, who fled Avars, who fled from people living on shores of ocean. Saragurs subjugated Akacirs and want on to become Roman federates
463 Gumilev suggests that after fall of Hun's Empire Bulgars take a lead and decimated Akacirs, finishing fall of Hun's Empire
465 Bulgars led by Bel-Kermek control lands of Akacirs and asked for a union with Byzantium
465 Altynoba's Bel-Kermek (455-465) dies, his older son Djurash Masgut becomes Altynoba Baltavar (465-505).
465 Agaçeris crossed Caucasus and invaded Media. Agaçeris are included in Five Ogur confederation which also included Karluk, Kangly, Kalaç and Kipchak nations
466 Invasion of Saragur and Onogurs in Transcaucasia
468 Tengiz (Dengizik) and Bel-Kermek (Hernach) sent ultimatum to Byzantium, when it is rejected, Dengizik invades Thrace, but is defeated under command of Byzantines Anagast and Aspar. Dengizik dies in battle.
in some respect Danube war of 468 - 469 was a war of Alans and Ants against their former masters, Huns. (G.V.Vernadsky). After Byzantian victory Huns left Dacia and Bessarabia. These provinces opened for Slavic colonization.
468 Huns offer alliance to East Roman empire
468 Bulgar Kutigurs fight Byzantine (468-469). Byzantines Anagast procured Khan Dengizik's head after he was killed and sent it to Constantinople where it was displayed atop of a spear. Kutrigurs never forgot Utigur Hernach's refusal of help.
468 468 - 469 Danube war between Huns and Byzantium. Bel-Kermek (Hernach) after Dengizik death leads army. Byzantium beats off invasion with difficulty. Byzantium mercenary army consists of Slavs (i.e. Ants) and Alans commanded by Aspar, whose father was Alan.
468 Vernadsky G.V.:in some respect Danube war of 468 - 469 was a war of Alans and Ants against their former masters, Huns. After Byzantian victory Huns left Dacia and Bessarabia. These provinces opened for Slavic colonization.
469 Western Hunnish clans retreated. Utigurs to Azov-Taman SE of Sea of Azov. Kutrigurs to between Dnieper and Don Rivers, NW from Sea of Azov Utigurs. Sabirs in Daghestan SE of other two Hunnic hordes, between Daryal Gorge and Kuma River on Caspian Sea.
469 Death of Dengizih (Diggiz)      .
469 469 - 488 movement of Bel-Kermek army back to Meotian-Taman region. They call themselves descendents of Hernach and are known as Utigurs (Utragurs/Utigurs = East Wing, from utra = front, opposite  = "opposite side" = "to the east", but it is homophonic with otra =  Center) (Kulakovsky Alans)
469 Remnants of Tengiz (Dengizik) horde follow Utigurs to Dniepr and settle between Dniepr and Meotian Sea. They were called Kutigurs.
481 Ioanes Antiochenus: First written agreement of Byzantium emperor Zeno (474-475,476-491) with Bulgars' Djurash Masgut (465-505), allying them in war against Ostrogoths Goths of Theodoric (493-526), son of Triarius [Must be 475]
481 Goths' Theodoric, son of Triariya, victory over Bulgars
486 Bulgars fight again against Goths as allies of Byzantium
488 Bulgars settle in Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia after expelling Theodoric Ostrogoths (488).
488 Khazarian khalifa begins rule over Georgia and Abania in S. Caucasus
488 Bulgars fought again against Goths as allies of Gepids.
488 Bulgarians had been regarded as a brave and invincible in war people
488 Chersonesus ruler decided to restore walls and towers damaged by earthquake, scared of Kutugur's raids
490 Moisey Kagankatvacy: Hunnish episcope Iunan in Caucasus Hunnia lived during Armenian Vachagan
492 Kutigur Bulgars invade Thrace, defeat Byzantine army and kill their leader Julian.
493 493-499 Altynoba's Djurash Masgut Kutigur Huns start raiding Thrace, possibly with Slavs. They took advantage of a civil war in Byzantium.
498 Altynoba's Djurash Masgut in winter 498-499 annihilate Byzantium Illyrium army and extends to left bank of Danube. Altynoba subordinates to Avar overlordship.
498 Nestorians accompany Shah Kavad I to Turkestan and evangelize the Hephthalite Huns, north of the Oxus River

 

Huns Dateline Continued

Home
Back
In Russian
Contents Huns
Contents Pazyryk Genetics
Contents Tele
Sources
Roots
Tamgas
Alphabet
Writing
Language
Genetics
Geography
Archeology
Religion
Coins
Wikipedia
Huns Dateline 500-552 AD Continued
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Dynasties
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
Klyosov A. Türkic DNA genealogy
Alinei M. Kurgan Culture Mesolith
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline
9/19/2005
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