In Russian
Contents Bulgars
Contents Huns
Bulgars And Bulgarians
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
Bulgar Ethnonym
Bulgar Archeology
Klyosov A. Türkic DNA genealogy
Alinei M. Kurgan Culture Mesolith

Russian Version needs a translation
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline


Appelations: Bulgars, Bolgars, Bulghars, Bolghars and other variations
Bulgars 4000 BC-336 AD
Bulgars 337-499 AD
Bulgars 500-599 AD
Bulgars 600-799 AD
Bulgars 800-1099 AD
Bulgars 1100-1299 AD
Bulgars 1300-1922 AD

800-1099 AD

Time Events
803 Danube Bulgaria Khan Kardam (c.777-c.803) is replaced (died: “On Kardam’s death, the Balkan Bulgars were left without a Khan” - S.Runciman) by Krum (38) elected to Bulgarian Khan-hood (803-814). Bulgars under Kagan Krum unite with Franks to crush Avar Kaganate. S.Runciman: Leader of Pannonian Bulgars Krum, victor of Avar wars, either by show of arms or persuasion, raised to Danube Bulgaria throne, and united two Bulgar kingdoms into one great empire, from Theiss (Tisza or Tisa) and Save to Black Sea.
804 Khan Krum's army has 30,000 chain armored heavily armed cavalry, vs. Byzantium's less than 400.
804 Khan Krum venture to become independent suzerain, lays off federatae status, become Tzar, and absorbs Slavic and Avar territories and populations. Policy program for next half century.
804 Charlemagne and then Pepin defeat and subjugate Avar Khan in Pannonia, rob 2 centuries of treasuries. In 805 Avar Kagan Zodan baptized with name Theodore. Theodore continued ruling as a subject of Charlemagne
804 Joint forces of Bulgars and Franks crush and annihilate Avar Kaganate.
805 End of AVAR EMPIRE in Europe
558-805 AD
Founder - Khan Bayan
Area - Pannonia, Balkans, Bessarabia, N. Pontic steppes to Tanais and Itil (Total Area - 2,500,000 Km2)
Seat of Avar kaghan and his warlords east of Danube in Pannonia, known as Rhing
805 Ay Tengride Qut Bolmish, Qutluq Bilge Qaghan. Unknown (18) (805 - 808).
806 Manicheans arrive to Chanan from Uygurs
807 Danube Bulgars and Greeks fight.
808 Ay Tengride Qut Bolmish, Alp Bilge Qaghan. Unknown (19) (808 - 821).
813 Bulgars take Adrianopole and settle captives on north side of Danube
813 In 813, Krum led a large army of Slavs and Avars against Byzantium and besieged Constantinople without success. He died in following year.
814 April 13, 814 While preparing another attack against Byzantines, Kagan Krum (38) bursts a blood vessel and dies. Kagan Omurtag (41) assumes Bulgarian Khan-hood (814-814). Boils rule Bulgaria - Chok (?) (?_?).
814 Khan Ditsen (40) (814-816)
816 Chok and Boils Danube Bulgars conclude a peace treaty with Byzantines to last thirty years, to be renewed every ten years.
816 Khan Omurtag (41) (816-831)
817 Inhabitants of Samandar revolt against attempts by Khazar Kagan Karak introduce Judaism
817 Manichean missionaries are exiled to Uyguria
818 Danube Bulgars thrust to north as far as Kiev (818-820).
819 Kara Bulgarian Khan Aydar (819-855)
820 Khazars found Sambata (sam = high, bat = stronghold) and Kiev ( kui = low, ev = settlement), settled by Khazars and Magyars.
821 Preslav is completed - new Bulgarian capital.
821 Kun Tengride Ulugh Bolmish, Kuch Kuchluk Bilge Qaghan. Unknown (20) (821 - 824).
824 Tengride Qut Bolmish, Kuch Bilge Qaghan. Hazar Tekin (21) (824 - 832).
827 Danube Bulgars and Franks fight.
830 Khazar Kagan Khan-Tuvan (Dyggvi) (830?-…)
830 Construction of Sarkel fortress by Khazars with Byzantium's help
830 Khzarian Kabars rebel against Bek (830-862).
830 First Rus Kaganate is established as ulus by Itil Bulgarian Khan Aydar (819-855)
831 Danube Bulgaria Khan Malamir (42) (831-837)
832 Danube Bulgars and Franks sign peace treaty.
832 Tengride Qut Bolmish, Kuchluk Bilge Qaghan. Kho Tekin (22) (832 - 839).
833 Khan-Tuvan (Dyggvi) sends an embassy to Byzantine asking to send engineers-fortificators to build fortresses against Rus' attacks.
836 Byzantine-Bulgar War. Return of Macedonian prisoners
836 Danube Bulgar Khan Presijan (43)(836-852)
837 Magyars crossed Dnieper from east around 837, occupying steppe as far as Danube by year 860
837 Atelkuzu, largely consisting of Ukraine, Moldavia and Eastern Wallachia, favoured survival at time of warming. As drought spread, it was possible to move flocks up-river to cooler, wooded regions, where fishing provided an extra food for semi-nomads.
837 Magyar tribes, and chiefly ruling caste, moved up river as far as Kharka, Bashtu, and Galich
839 Kho Tekin (22) (832 - 839) dies. Kichik Tekin (23) (839 - 840)
840 Destruction of Uygur Orkhon Empire by Kirgizes. End of Uygur leadership of E. Goktürkic Kaganate
840 E. Goktürk Kaganate Kichik Tekin (23) dies
840 In about 840-850 AD, Hungarians were forced to move westwards to Atelkuzu (Etelkoz) and they then occupied Carpathian Basin in 896 AD living there to this day
841 Kyrgyz ambassador arrived in China
842 Muhamad ibn Musa Al Khwarizmi works in Khazarian Kagan's palace, sent there by Caliph Al-Wathiq.
850 Bashkorts used prior to 9c antroponym 'Ishtek/Istek' (Asses, Ossian/Yassian people), and from 9 c became known antroponym 'Bashkort' from (according to Arab author Salam Tardjman) Khan Bashgird, whose horde lived in present area.
855 Kan Urus Ugyr Aidar (819-855) dies, his son Shilki (Djilki) (855-882) becomes Kan of Bulgaria. Younger son Lachyn (855-879, 882?) revolts, splitting eastern Bulgaria
852 Khan Presijan (43) (836-852) controls Danube Bulgaria extending from Panonnia, Transilvania, Wallachia, Moldavia, Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia, to Donets ??, with numerous inhabitants (Slavs, Bulgars, Thracians (Vlach, Wallach, Dacian, Get)
855 Kara Bulgarian Baltavar Khan Aydar (819-855) died, Gabdulla Djilki (Shilki) becomes Khan (855-882)
859 Khan Shilki lost battle to Khazar Kagan Iskhak at Baltavar (Poltava)
859 Kara Bulgar Khan Gabdulla Djilki (Shilki) lost Bashtu (Kiev) and Urus (Novgorod) uluses to Khazars. Khazars organize them as ulus Rus. Kagan Iskhak appoints Norman leader Dir (Bulg. Djir) of Slavic militia in Bashtu a ruler of Rus and Norman Ascold (Bulg. As-Khalib) a Viceregent of Rus
859 Shilki settles in c. Karadjar (Chernigov) with territory
859 Shilki's brother Lachyn (Rürik, aka Riurik 855-879?882?)  becomes Khan of remaining Kara Bulgar with a capital in Khorysdan (Putivl)
859 Kara Bulgar Bashtu becomes Khazarian Kiev
861 Religious debate in Khazarian court (Khazarian Polemics) between Cyril and Methodius, Rabbi Yitzhak Ha Sangari, and Muslem cleric Farabi Ibn Kora.
861 Khazar Bulan Bek, nobility and some common people convert to Judaism.
862 Chronist Nestor gives 862 as year of creation of Rus. Ruses are rulers of Slavs. Ruses live in military settlements and ”feed” by spoils, a part of which was rendered to Jewish Khazars. Slavs are engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. Ruses are ethnically different from Slavs: they shave their heads, leaving a braid on top, they wash before dinner in a basin. Slavs cut their hair in a circle, and wash under running water.
862 Viking warrior Hrorekr leads expedition to Staraya Lagoda and occupied city in 862
862 Hrorekr (Riurik) (862-879) takes Novgorod, the other brothers take two other cities. Eventually Riurik gained all three cities. Gradual conquest of surrounding Slavic states, raided as far as Constantinople. At his death, his son Ingvar is too young to ru
863 Khan Shilki re-unites Bashtu and Karadjar with Kara Bulgar. Knyaz Dir (Bulg Djir) submits to Shilki, Ascold (Bulg As-Khalib) escapes to Galidj (Novgorod? Galich?) Shilki restores himself as Baltavar of Kara Bulgar with capital at Baltavar (Poltava)
864 Bulgars kill son of Askold
864 864-884 First appearance of Rus Vikings in Caspian Sea
865 Khan Barys of Itil Bulgaria beylyk founded by Tat-Ugek, died, and Shilki, Khan of Kara Bulgar with a capital in Baltavar (Poltava) is proclamed Khan of Itil Bulgaria (865-882).
865 City Bulgar becomes a capital of Itil Bulgaria.
865 Shilki proclames Itil Bulgaria an Islamic state, without a Califate recognition
865 Christian baptism of Danube Bulgar Tsar Boris
866 Established Kara Bulgar station Kolyn (Khlynov, Vyatka)
868 First revolt of Türkish soldiers against Abbasid Calif al-Mutaawakkil (847-861)
868 Ahmad ibn Tulun, a Türkish praetorian of Abbasid Califate, becomes an independent ruler of Egypt and extends his rule to Syria
875 Khazars built a glass factory in Hrodna (present Belarus)
879 879-882 Post Rurik (862-879), pre-Olaf period in Rus ulus
882 Khan Shilki (855-882) died, Bat-Ugyr becomes Khan of Itil Bulgaria (882-895).
882 Khan Alabuga of a Baryn line of Sabans starts a city, named later Bilyar.
882 Olaf (Russ. Oleg) (882-913) First serious Rus expansion. Dominated several E. Slav tribes as tribute states.
889 After 889, Besenyos break through Khazarian border guards and replace Magyars from Levedia
890 Outbreak of war between Byzantine and Danube Bulgars
890 Arbat son of Almysh (r. 895-925) of Dulo dynastic clan is proclamed Prince Arpad of Magyars.  Barys (Svyatoslav I) of Kyiv is Arbat's uncle, Khasan of Itil Bulgaria is Arbat's brother. Kindered relations between houses of Magyars, Kyiv, and Bulgar continue for centuries 
893 Catastrophically cold winter of 892-893 froze Itil and Don, made it possible for Besenyos, whom Oguzes attacked, to flee across frozen rivers into Atelkuzu, although some of them were stuck east of Yaik river
893 Besenyos stop their pusuit of Majars at Dniepr, spend winter near mouth of river Buh
893 Beginning of reign of Danube Bulgar Tsar Simeon  (Khan Shamgun)
894 Majar Prince Levente leads Khazar Kabars against Danube Bulgaria. Magyar campaign in Pannonia
894 Besenyos in alliance with Bulgars start a second attack of Majars, forcing them to leave Atilkiji (Itil-Kiji, Atelkuzu) for Transylvania and Upper Tisza region
895 Bat-Ugyr (882-895) abdicates. Baltavar (Elteber) Almush (Almas), eldest son of Shilki, becomes Khan of Itil Bulgaria, acclaimed in city Bulgar (895-925)
895 Khan Almush Kara Bulgar census lists 550K, 200K are Saban-speaking Bulgars, 180K-Ars (Udmurts, Finno-Ugors), 170K-Modjars
895 Alans and Bulgars freed from Khazar power
895 Some Khazar Kabars (3 tribes) settle in Transilvania/Hungary with Majars.
895 Kyiv Prince Vladimir/Budimir, along with Oguzes, joined internecine war on side of Ibragim's revolt against Vladimir's cousin Timar (981-1004). Oguzes and Vladimir/Budimir make a joint attack on Bulgar city, that ended with catastrophe. Vladimir/Budimir lost most of his army, and had to pledge to Bulgars to keep paying Rostov rent (acting as tax collector in Korjak province on behalf of Bulgars)
895 Avaria (Pannonia) is divided between Slavic state of Great Moravia under Svyatopolk, and Türkic Khanate of Bulgaria. Bulgar Onogundur (or Onogur) settle there, possibly giving name to Hungary.
895 Bulgars and Bosnyaks/Pechenegs defeat Magyars. Magyars migrate beyond Carpathians
896 After defeats by Magyars allied with Byzantine, and Byzantine's deceit of truce, Danube Bulgaria's Tsar Simeon joins with Besenyos to drive Magyars into modern day Hungary and forcing Byzantine Empire to resume paying their humiliating annual tribute
900 Ibn Ruste lists three branches of Itil Bulgars: ”first branch was called Bersula, second - Esegel, and third - Bolgar”.
902 Varangian Rus mercenaries are mentioned serving in Byzantine naval expedition to Crete. Rus mercenaries also serve Khazars
904 Olaf (Russ. Oleg), Prince of Kiev (882-916 ), remains a vassal of Avar Kaganate, divided between Bulgarian principalities.(In 859 to Khazars??)
909 Rus raiders (druzhina) with Varangian (Varyag) allies captures Khazarian fort Abezgun on Caspian Sea
910 First missions of Christian preachers from Byzantium to Alania. Establishing Alan arch-episcopate. Peter as first arch-bishop of Alania.
913 Kengeres, once a part of confederation of W. Goktürk Kaganate, were driven toward lower Syr-Darya and Aral Sea by Karluk Türks. They were grazing their herds between Yaik and Itil rivers.
913 North of Sea of Azov Kengeres occupied Levedia, taking it from Majars, and then drove them from Atilkiji area between Dniepr and Lower Danube
913 Ingvar (Russ. Igor) (913-945) re-established control over Eastern Slavs
913 Khazars demolish Rus marauding expedition fleet
915 Besenyos appear before Kiev for first time in force. Prince Ingvar (Russ. Igor) signs peace treaty with them establishing a frontier between Don and Dniester
920 Khazars fight with Burtas (Steppe Alans or Asses), Oguz, Byzantines, Kengeres and Kara Bulgars.
920 Itil Bulgar Baltavar Almush (Almas) allies with Caliphate as counterbalance to Khazars. Beginnng of minting of Bulgarian dirkhems
922 Itil Bulgars congress of Bulgarian tribes adopted Islam as state religion, built mosques and schools. Itil Bulgars start transition to Arabic script from Türkic script
922 Baltavar Almush takes a title 'Emir' as obligation to rule in accordance with Quran
922 City Bilyar becomes a province Baityuba capital and a 3rd sized city after Bulgar and Bandja
922 City Nur-Suvar (922-1246). Present Tatarskiy (Sham-Suar).
922 Established city Tukhchi, renamed in 1219 Djuketun (Chistopol)
925 Governor of province Mardan-Ballak Balus starts a city, named later Banja (Banja-Burtas). Present Syzran.
925 Almush (895-925) died, Khasan becomes Khan of Itil Bulgaria (925-930). Almush is buried in Fortress Gulistan.
930 Seljuks are from tribe Kynyk - one of 24 Oguz tribes. Oguzes live between Syr Darya, Caspian and Aral seas. Kynyks live near delta of Syr Darya.
930 Yabgu rules Oguzes. Leader of Seljuk clan, Temir-Yalyg, nicknamed Dukak (Dokak), has a high position. He objects to a raid by Yabgu against other Türkic tribes, and sours relations with Yabgu. He and his tribe may be Moslems.
930 Itil Bulgaria has 30 cities. Khasan built: Matak Nukrat Bandja (Samara ) (Center of Mardan-Bellak ulus) Bulyar (citadel in Bilyar) Kamysh Simbir Gazan-Deber Kashan Tukhcha Tau-Kerman (Sviyajsk) Tash-Bulgar Subash-Simbir Karadjar Djilan
930 Khasan (925-930) died, Yalkau Michail becomes Khan of Itil Bulgaria (930-943).
930 Khazars ally with Alans who adopt Judaism, and arrange a dynastic marriage
932 KARAHANID (Karahanli, Ilek (ilig)-khanid, al-Hakaniye, el-Haniye, al-Afrasiyab)
932 - 1212 A.D
Founder - Saltuk Bugra Han
Area - All Trans-Oxus area including area between Issyk and Balkash Lakes Initial center in Kashgar
932 Khazars ally with Oguzes.
934 Kengeres join in Hungarian invasion of Byzantian Thrace.
939 Khazar Baliqchi Pesakh defeats Rus
943 Yalkau Michail died (930-943), Mohammed becomes Khan of Itil Bulgaria (943-976).
944 Kengeres join in Prince Ingvar of Kiev raid on Byzantium.
945 Helga (Russ. Olga) (945-962) is energetic in subjugating Slavs, exacting terrible revenge upon Drevlians, burying alive and burning their most distinguished men alive in a bath in Kiev, massacring 5,000 at her husbands funeral feast, burning Izkorosten with many killed or enslaved
944 All Gothic cities-colonies are robbed to foundation in raid of Prince Ingvar of Kiev
945 Start of Itil Bulgar-Turkmen 15 year war
949 Talib, junior son of Khan Gazan, and grandson of Almush, organizes a regular army in Itil Bulgaria.
950 There is information about Bashkir Confederation in 9-12c under Masim Khan, starting with Khan Bashkort. Bashkir 'Shejere' listed Khans Muyten Bey and Maiky Bey at approx. 1220, witha list of 10 predesessors covering 9-12c.
950 Al Mas'udi (died in 956) describes 4 Türkic peoples: Ydjni, Badjkurt (Maskurts, Masguts, called by Herodotus (5-th c. BC), Strabo (c.64 BC - A.D. 20), and C. Plinius Secundus (62-113 AD) Massagetae Scythians), Badjanak (Besenyos), Nukardi
950 Conversion of Karakhanids and Uighurs from Buddhism to Islam under Satuq Bughra Khan (d.955)
950 Magyars living in Lebedia are vassals of Khazars.
960 End of Itil Bulgar-Turkmen 15 year war. Chief Turkmen Khan Arslan is beheaded by Bulgar sardar Kukcha Amir.
960 Besenyos live in Moldova (10th cent.-1171)
960 …... becomes second Kagan of Khazar's Kaganate to convert to Islam (960?-….).
960 Karahanid Satuk's son, Musa (Baytas) defeated eastern Khan Arslan Han and carried off this branch of dynasty. Entire Karahanli State becomes Muslim (960). Afterwards, forced diffusion of Islam among C. Asian Türks turned into holy war. First case among Türks to abandon tradition of freedom of convitions and to force conversion of subject populations
961 After Dukak death, Oguz Yabgu appoints Dukak’s son Seljuk Syu-Bashi as head of army. Seljuk evacuates his tribe to Sugura, near Jend (Hojdent), bordering with Moslem countries. Relocation may be caused by Kipchak wictory over Oguz State or shotage of pastures
961 Seljuks (Salchukiyans, Sakachikas) together with Kynyk clan and other Oguz clans leave winter capital of Oguz State Yenikent (Ruins of present Jankent) between Caspian and Aral, with their cattle of horses, camels, sheep and cows, to Maverannakhr .
961 M Kashgari: To live with Moslem Türks, multitudes of Seljuk tribes adopted Islam. Seljuk adopted Islam for political possibilities, and asked neighboring Bukhara and Khorezm to send Moslem scholars. Prior, they were called Turkmens, Karluks and Oguzes
961 Oguz Yabgu's Oguses arriving in Jend to collect annual taxes are driven out by Seljuks under pretext ”We are not paying taxes to infidels”, and started juhad war against Oguz State with Seljuk’s title Gazi. Start of independent Seljuk Beylyk in Jend.
962 Svyatoslav (962-972) first Rus Knyaz with Slavic name. Numerous campaigns to assert his authority over eastern Slavs. Invaded Khazaria and destroyed its capitl Itil, and its major fortresses Samander and Sarkel. Allied with Constantinople against Danube Bulgars
962 Türkic Ghaznavid dynasty is established in Afghanistan
962 - 1183 A.D
Founder – Alptekin
Area - from Trans-Oxus to Ganges River, from Caspian to steppes of Pamir (Total Area - 4,700,000 Km 2)
964 Kengeres seriously threaten Khazaria
964 Bulgarian annals provide background information on the Rus campaign against Khazaria, depicting it as a Bulgar liberation war of joint Bulgar-Rus alliance, where Bulgaria paid Ruses for the campaign by leasing out provinces Djir (future Rostov province and city of Russia), Kan (future Murom province and city) and the western Kortdjak (future Moscow, Vladimir and Ivanovo provinces), for an annual tribute equal in size to the tribute from Djir (Bulgar-Rus Treaty of 964). In the campaign participated Turkmens (Oguzes), recently defeated in the lengthy Bulgar-Turkmenian war (ca. 947-ca. 960), and Bajanaks, whose territory the Rus army had to cross, as Rus allies in the campaign. The annals describe Rus army as consisting of 20 thousand Vikings and 50 thousand Slavs.
965 Byzantine governor (strategos) of Chersonesus asks Svyatoslav for aid against Khazars. Svyatoslav campaign to Don. En route he attacks Volga Bulgars. He raids Sarkel, Itil, and Tmutarkhan, also captures Chersonesus
965 Svyatoslav possibly signed agreement with Besenyos before crossing their territory. He allies with Oguzes. Purpose to gain tribute from Viatchi on Oka by removing their Khazar overlords. He also conquers Yasians and Kasogians in Taman-Kuban area.
965 Kkazar Kagan temporarily converts to Islam for political reasons
965 Itil Bulgars gain independence after defeating Khazars.
966 Bandja (Fanagoria), capital of Great Bulgaria in VII c, destroyed by Kiev Knyaz Svyatoslav. Escaped inhabitants established New Bandja in Jiguli on Itil (Murom setlement). During campaign were devastated cities in the North-East Caucasus, including Semender.
966 Khan Mohammed established fort Simbir (Simbirsk)
967 Knyaz Svyatoslav of Kiev seizes Khazar capital Itil
969 Khazaria, broken by Svyatoslav (called Barys by Bulgars), is divided between Itil Bulgaria and N. Caucasus Saklans.
969 Inflow of silver dirhams from Bulgaria and Khazaria stops
969 Saklans receive territory S. of rivers Sal and Kum, Shir (Don), Kuper-Kubar (Khoper), Boryn-Inesh (Voronej). Khin (Sarkel, Belaya Veja) is a province ruled by Bulgar's vali.
970 Mass migration of E.European Bulgars headed by Bilu, Boksu and Hesen join Danubian Bulgarians
970 Khan Mohammed established fort Balyn (Suzdal) in Mary land
972 8 Besenyo (Bedjenek) tribes, under Khan Kura, of Kipchak stock with Oguz element, freed of Khazar dominance, defeat Rus Knyaz Svyatoslav and make a drinking cup of his scull. Bedjenek's continuous fights with Khazars, Byzantines and Rus.
976 Mohammed died (943-976), Talib becomes Khan of of Itil Bulgaria (976-981).
981 Itil Bulgaria Khan Talib (976-981) died, Timar becomes Khan (981-1004).
985 Türkic Karakhanid and Gaznevit, and Iranian Samanid states surround Seljuk Beylyk. Seljuks fight with Karakhanids and Samanids. Samanids give Karakhanid Yabgu Arslan Israel with Oguzes control of Nur, near Bukhara.
985 Vladimir raid on Bulgars and Khazars
985 Seljuq Türks, a ruling tribe of Oguz, move to vicinity of Bukhara.
986 Khazars present Judaism to Knyaz Voldemir (Russ.Vladimir) of Kyiv, Itil Bulgars present Islam
987 Vladimir embassy to Bulgar. Emir of Derbent calls for help of Ruses (Vikings) to help in fight against local feudals
988 Voldemir consolidates his possession of conquered city-states through adoption of single state religion. He orders conversion of subject people and launches built-up of Christian churches. Negotiations for military aid with Emperor Basil II end in agreeme
988 Beginning of Mstislav reign in Tamiya-Tarkhan (Tmutorokan)
988 Rus-Bosnyak/Bajanak war
989 988-997 Rus (Vikings) guards in service of Emir of Derbent
994 Vladimir attacks Bulgar (Nikon.)
994 Formation of Türkic-Ghaznavid dynasty in present day Afganistan
997 Vladimir attacks Bulgar (Nikon.)
999 Destruction of Persian Samanid dynasty by Türkic tribes.
1000 Some Khazars in Kievan Rus are Slavicized and adopt East Slavic language (1000-1300).
1004 Itil Bulgaria Khan Timar (981-1004) died, Masgut becomes Khan (1004-1006).
1006 Itil Bulgaria Khan Masgut (1004-1006) died, Ibragim becomes Khan (1006-1025).
1010 Kipchaks are pressed by Kumosi- Kimaks and then by Kidanes and move west
1016 Last Khazar Kagan Georgius Tzul is cuptured by combined army of Byzantine Basil II and Sfengus, brother of Kiev's Grand Prince Voldemir. Khazaria loses last independence and territories of Crimea and Taman.
1016 End of HAZAR EMPIRE
602-1016 A.D
Founder - no historical data for founder, its greatest ruler was Hakan Yusuf.
Area - Hazars separated from Goktürks and formed a state from Caucasian Mntns to Danube and N. Pontic area
1020 Kipchaks occupy Middle and Lower Donets basin, lower Don and N.Azov. Earliest Kipchak gravestone monuments are located west of Itil
1024 Lavrentiev Chronicle dates establishment of Suzdal in Merya land
1025 Itil Bulgaria Khan Ibragim (1006-1025) died, Azgar becomes Khan (1025-1028).
1025 One of Seljuk chiefs, Arslan Israil Yabgu, serves as auxiliary to Karakhanid's Ali-Tegin, against Ghazavids.
1026 Kengeres invasion of Byzantium is repulsed by Constantine Diogenes..
1028 Itil Bulgaria Khan Azgar (1025-1028) abdicated, Ashraf becomes Khan (1028-1061).
1029 Kipchaks control steppes from Itil to Irtysh
1032 Torgul-beg , with Daud and Arslan Israil Yabgu, acquires control of E. Iran.
1035 Itil Bulgaria Khan Azgar established fort Khazar (Voronej)
1036 Itil Bulgaria Khan Azgar established city Tyumen, center of Tubdjak ulus (Tyumen)
1040 - 1157 A.D
Founder – Seljuk
Area - East, Balkash and Issyk Lakes and Tarim Derya; West, Aegean and Mediterranean; North, Aral, Caspian Sea, Caucasian and Black Sea; South, area including Arabia (Area - 10,000,000 Km 2)
1051 Kengeres invade Byzantium.
1054 Seljuks, under Tügral Beg, capture Baghdad, Abbasid capital, from Buwayhids, establish Seljuq Sultanate, and become official protectors of Caliphate.
1054 Rus chronicles record appearance of Guz people, pushed by Kipchaks - a branch of Kimaks of middle Irtysh and of Ob.
1055 Rus claims that majority of Kipchak tribes have crossed Itil and occupy E. Europian steepes.
1055 Ipatian Chronicle reports first arrival of Kipchaks at border of Pereyaslav principality
1059 Yabgu Arslan Israel with Oguzes fights Karakhanids, and withdraw with booty, leaving Samanid heir Ismail El Muntasyr, who loses war with Karakhanids,and dies. Samanid state desintegrates, Karakhanids take over Maverannakhr, and Gazavids take Horasan.
1060 Kipchaks replace Besenyos (Bedjenek) from N Caucasus steppes. Stan of Kipchak Khans is located on river Sunj. N Caucasus steppes is an important component of Deshti-Kipchak.
1063 Beginning of reign of Seljuc Alp Arslan
1064 Kengeres invade Byzantium, across Thrace to gates of Constantinople..
1065 600K Oguzes crossed Danube, devastated Balkans to Thessalonica. Emperor Constantine X Ducas, and then Kengeres and Bulgars, who were ruled at that time from Byzantium, annihilated them. Remains of Oguzes were subjugated, eliminated or assimilated by Kipch
1065 Visit of Alanian king Durguleit Great to Georgian king Bagrat IV in Kutais.
1065 Three Türkic peoples inhabit steppes N. of Lake Balkhash: Oguz (Ghuz, Torks, Ouzoi, Uzes, Türkmen), Kimaks/Kipchak of middle Enisey of Ob, and Kirghiz. Ogur group is distinguished from Oguz Türkic people that they had Y mutated to J (DJ).
1169 Prince of Suzdal, Andrei Bogoliubskii, sacked Kiev, then moved seat of Great Prince to Vladimir, capital of Suzdal
1070 Turks in Karahanli State engage in cultural and scientific activities. Turkish written with Uighur and Arabic alphabets becomes literary language and literature spread for the first time. Karahanli people exchange with Gazneli and other state sultans in Turkish written in Uighur letters
1070 Most ancient monument of Islam era in Türkic is ”Kutadgu Blig” written by Yusuf Has Hacib in 1069-1070 in Uighur and Arabic letters about ideal administration system of a state
1071 Kengeres, in service of Byzantium, desert Emperor Romanus Diogenes V (1067-1071) in favor of Oguz Sultan Alp Arslan.
1072 Beginning of reign of Seljuc Malik Shakh.
1072 Marriage of Maria of Alania to Byzantine emperor Michael VII Duca Parapinaces (1071-1078 d. 1078). Marriage of Georgian king George III with Alanian princess Burduhan
1073 Probably grandson of Mohammed b. Yusuf Kadir Han, Great Khan of Eastern Karahanli State, Mahmut Kashgari work, titled ”Divan-i Legat it-Turk” written in Baghdad in 1073-1077, gave examples of dialects of various Türkic peoples ranging from Byzantine borders to borders of China. He wrote about geography of Türkish cities, political and economical life of Türks and their beliefs, gave examples of literary works and ancient epics and folk literature that did not survive
1076 Itil Bulgaria Khan Akhad (1061-1076) deposed, Adam becomes Khan (1076-1118).
1076 Capital of Itil Bulgaria is transferred from city Bulgar to city Bilyar
1077 - 1231 A.D
Founder - Kudrettin Mehmet (Harzemshah)
Area - Persia, Southern Caucasia, Dagestan, Afghanistan and most of Central Asia. (Total Area - 5,000,000 Km 2)
1078 Daughter of Burduhan and George III is crowned as Queen Tamar on Georgian throne
1087 Kengeres invade Byzantium across Thrace, are driven back, and defeat Alexius Comneus.
1088 Former Khan, Emir Akhad Moskha built in Batyshes' (Russ. Vyatiches) land fort Moskha (Caw), now Moscow (Moskva).
1089 King of Ovs (As, Alans) David Soslan's son marries Queen Tamar
1091 Kipchaks under Togortak and Maniak are allied with Byzantium under Alexius Comnenus, and together crush Kengeres army.
1096 Rabbi Nissim: Seventeen Khazarian communities join nomads (Kengeres, Bulgars, Oguses)
1096 Start of Eastern European Bulgars' emigration to Danube Bulgaria and Hungary in several successive waves together with Cumans, from end of eleventh to middle of thirteenth centuries
1099 Khan Bonyak Cumans defeat Hungarian army of King Coloman Beauclerc at Przemysl
1099 Formation of Karachai-Balkarian (Alan) people completed.
1099 Tatars are beaten by Kerayit Türks' Khan Torgul, son of Khan Cyriacus(Qurjaquz), son of Marcus(Marguz) Buyiruq
1099 Tatars lived since at least 8th cent. on south bank of Kerulen river near Bor Nor to Khingan range. On north bank of Kerulen to Onon river roved neghbouring Mongols. On west bank of Selenga river to Black Irtysh river roved neighboring Naiman Türks.
1099 200,000 Kerayit Türks, Nestorian Christians since 1009, roved neighboring south of Selenga river, on upper Orkhon, to Karakorum. Tatars are confederated as Tokuz Tatars (Nine Tatars) and Otuz Tatars (Thirty Tatars).
1099 Tatars are redoubtable warriors and ranked among fiercest of all people.
1099 Tatars constitute a serious danger to Sino-Tungustic kingdom of Kin. Kin used early Chingiz Khan to attack Tatars from Northwest.
Bulgars Dateline 1100-1299 AD Continued
In Russian
Contents Bulgars
Contents Huns
Bulgars And Bulgarians
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
Bulgar Ethnonym
Bulgar Archeology
Klyosov A. Türkic DNA genealogy
Alinei M. Kurgan Culture Mesolith

Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline
Updated on: 12/12/2004