In Russian
Contents Bulgars
Contents Huns
Bulgars And Bulgarians
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
Bulgar Ethnonym
Bulgar Archeology
Klyosov A. Türkic DNA genealogy
Alinei M. Kurgan Culture Mesolith

Russian Version needs a translation
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline


Bulgars 4000 BC-336 AD
Bulgars 337-499 AD
Bulgars 500-599 AD
Bulgars 600-799 AD
Bulgars 800-1099 AD
Bulgars 1100-1299 AD
Bulgars 1300-1922 AD

600-799 AD

Time Events
601 Byzantians defeat Avars
601 Th. Simokattes: Priskos, Byzantine general, defeated Avars in Banat and collected 9.000 prisoners, 3000 Avars, 800 Slavs, 3200 Gepidae, and 2.000 “barbarians”
602 Byzantium general Priscus defeats Avars. Bayan (c. 565-602) dies. Next Khan rules (602-630).
602-1016 A.D
Founder - no historical data for founder, its greatest ruler was Hakan Yusuf.
Area - Hazars separated from Goktürks and formed a state from Caucasian Mntns to Danube and N. Pontic area
603 Tardu Khan (7) dies in 603, his grandson Buri-Shad (13/14/15) becomes Khan of partitioned Western Goktürk Kaganate, controlling westernmost part. Chulo (10) controls eastern part.
603 Kushans rebel against Iran with help from Goktürks. Tocharistan separates from Iran
604 Rebellious Tele in basin of Selenga area pacified, but Djungaria and basin of Tarim did not return to Eastern Goktürk Kaganate.
604 New dynasty treat carefully descendants of Tobases (Syanbinians). Assimilated Syanbinians live along Great Wall from Khebey to Chanan. There were many large landowners and professional military pushed from power by Chinese landowners who took power.
604 Kara Churin Türk Boke Khan (7) dies, Goktürk Kaganate split into West and East. Tuli (Jangar) (18) becomes Khan of Eastern Goktürk Kaganate, Taman (28) becomes Khan of Western Goktürk Kaganate (604-610).
604 Nominally Djungaria and basin of Tarim entered Western Goktürk Kaganate. However Kibi on northern slopes of East Tian-Shan and Seyanto on S. Slopes of Altain-Nuru crest fought western Goktürks for 2 years (605-606) and gained freedom.
605 Kidanes revolt against Goktürk suppression
606 New state was created in Djungaria, under Kibi leadership, with a vast territory and including settled population necessary for nomadic state, in oasises Karashar, Turfan and Khami. Kibi's Prince Gelen took title Mokhe-Khan.
606 Leader of Seyantos Ishibo subordinated to Gelen but retained control over his tribe. State was likely a tribal union.
607 Order about outlawing a free trade of Chinese with Goktürks
608 Wars between Tele and Goktürks of Western Kaganate end.
608 Troops of Empire Suy attack Togon and destroy it.
608 Jangar Khan (Tuli) (18) (-608) died, his son, Shad Dugi, becomes Khan of East Goktürk Kaganate in vassalage of Empire Tan, under name Shibir (Shipi) Khan (25) (609-620).
609 Troops of Empire Suy attack Tele and Western Goktürk Kaganate
610 610-620 Avar Slavs raided Thessalia, Hellas, Aegean Islands, Achaia, and Epirus
610 Marquart: Leader of Unugurs (Unogundurs) Organa (aka Grad), founder of Bulgarian Dynasty Dulo, uncle of Kubrat Dulo, related to Ashina by female line, of most-western ulus, is baptized in Constantinople. Kubrat is not baptized. Notably, the tribal symbols of the Dulo clan of the Bulgars and the Qayn (Kayı) tribe of the Oguzes are the same
610 Future Sibir-Khan (14), Mokhodu, of most western ulus is baptized in Constantinople. This starts his fight with Buri Shad (34) (610-618) and Tardu Yabgu (Tun-djabgu) (23) (618-630). Kubrat is not baptized.
610 Taman Yabgu (28) dies, Buri Shad Yabgu (34) becomes Khan of Western Goktürk Kaganate (610-618). Chulo (26) = anti-Khan (610-611).
615 Tobases living along northern border of Western Wey stopped being Tobases long ago, but did not become Chinese yet. They are equally distanced from steppes and China, and equally close to both. Goktürks called them Tabgach.
615 In time of revolt Tabgaches participated because of warlike ancestry, but acted aimlessly, because lost organization and unity.
617 617(?) A defeat from Byzantines resulted in deterioration of situation for Avar’s Khakan. Alburi killed at court of Avar’s Khakan.
617 Shi Wey, along with Kidan, Togon and Gaochan submitted to Shibir Khan Kagan (25).
618 Buri Shad Yabgu (34) dies, Tung Yabgu (23) becomes Khan of Western Goktürk Kaganate (618-630).
618 Bu-Yurgan refused to be elected Baltavar, saying, that he will be a bolyar, i.e. a cleric. On his advice, Kara Bulgars elected Alburi’s senior son Kurbat a Baltavar
619 Kubrat allies with Byzantium against Avars.
619 Both Tele leaders, Kibi's Mokhe-Khan and Seyanto's Inan, subordinate to Tung Yabguu Khan = Yabgu of Shenuy. Djungaria returned to Western Goktürk Kaganate.
619 Sirs are controlled by Tung Yabgu Khan directly.
619 Baptism of ”Hunnish Khan” in Constantinopole. Avars reach Constantinopole.
619 China breakes union with Goktürks. Capture of Khesi. Lyan Shi-du and Lyu U-Chjou invade N China with Goktürkic support
620 Shambat, younger brother of Baltavar Kubrat, on Kubrat order, builds in aul Askal on mountains Kuyantau city-fortress named Bashtu, present Kiev. Other names Askal, Kuk-Kuyan, Shambat, Kyi.
620 Shibir Kagan (25) (609-620) dies, Kat Il Khan (27) becomes Khan of Eastern Goktürk Kaganate, free from vassalage of empire (620-630).
620 In 200 years descendants of Syanbinians assimilated in Tibet. Tsenpo was an inherited position, he received income from lands, taxes, tributes, confiscations and executions. But he could be dismissed at any time because he did not have support or real pow
620 Tibet army was under a special advisor. Tsenpo Nimry (570-620). In following history there is no Syanbinian role,
620 Avarian retreat from Constantinople
622 The Hijra. Start of Islam as a world event
622 Union of Lu Shey-da with Goktürks
623 Several successfull uprisings of Slavic tribes against Avars are recorded, for example revolt of Vends in 623.
623 Avars reigned over a vast territory between Alps, Adriatic Sea and Black Sea
623 Shambat starts war against Avars, with Ulchis (Slavs) and Ugrs. Shambat captures Pannonia and calls his ulus Duloba (623-658). Baltavar Kubrat calls him Kyi (Separated). Shambat drove masses of Slavs from his western wing to Balkans, they settled in Transylvania, leaving there place names and vojvoda administrative system that later continued under Hungarian rule.
623 Slavs attacked Crete
623 Byzantine authors recorded ethnic composition of Avar Empire as Avars, Gepids, and Slavs
623 Birth of Samo state, first political formation of Slavs, first mentioned in writing in 623
625 Exchange of embassies between Byzantium and Western Goktürkic Kaganate
626 (Onogur?) Bulgars live in Trans-Caucasus on right bank of Kuban' to Don Different fr and rival to Khazars
626 Avars controlled all Kuturgur Hun lands Uturgur (Onogur?) Bulgars did not participate in Khazars' war raids into Caucasus Uturgur (Onogur?) Bulgars guarded western border of Western Kaganate Uturgur (Onogur?) Bulgars are allied with Tele (Dulu).
626 W. Goktürk Kaganate campaign against Sasanian Persia in Caucasus, with Khazars but without Bulgars
626 Khazars and (Onogur?) Bulgars confederated (voluntarily, not conquered) into W. Goktürk Kaganate. Khazars supply military contingents and participate in division of captured wealth. Bulgars man western border with Avars and don't benefit from captured we
626 Kubrat proclaims independence from W. Goktürk Kaganate and assumes title of Kagan.
626 While Heraclius with W, Goktürk Kaganates fights Persians in Caucasus, Persians with Avars attack Constantinople. Avars retreat with heavy losses and in disgrace. Kubrat suggests sucking Avar Kagan and replacing him. End of Avar-Persian union.
626 Khazars ally with Byzantine under Emperor Heraclius (626-630)
626 Li Shi-min coup. Peace with Goktürks at river Vey
626 Greeks and Goktürks seige Tbilisi
626 Avars suffered a crushing defeat at Constantinople in 626
627 Seyanto tribe and Djungaria left Western Goktürk Kaganate and joined Eastern Goktürk Kaganate Kat Il Khan
627 Chinese embassy to Tun-Yabgu Khan stopped by Kat Il Khan
627 Seyanto and Uygurs, both Tele tribes, help each other in Goktürk Kaganate. Seyanto's Inan and Uygur's Pusa support each other.
627 Series of revolts against Avars start among subjugated tribes. Uprising of western Slavs, led by Samo, a Frankish merchant, resulted in founding of a Slavic state on territory of present-day Czech Republic and Slovakia.
627 Avars and Perians beseige Contantinopole
628 Khazars capture Tbilisi
628 Seyanto tribe with 70K yurts gains independence.
629 Chinese take fortress May in Ordos. Counterattack by Goktürks on all fronts. Srontsangambo enthroned in Tibet
630 Bulgars/Barsils are incorporated into elite of W. Goktürk Kaganate horde.
630 Great Bulgaria north of Black Sea under Kubrat (630-660)
630 End of rule of Khazars by Goktürk W Kaganate
630 Seyanto pursue Goktürk Chebi Khan who finds refuge in Altai valley with 30K army.
630 Avars treat Bulgars/Barsils badly as conquered people. Western Bulgars/Kuturgurs move to Bavaria, and are annihilated by Frankish king Dagober. Eastern Bulgars/Kuturgurs joint with Bulgars/Uturgur
630 Avar Kagan (602-630) dies. Next Khan rules (630-?).
630 Sibir-Khan (14) recognized independence of Bulgaria under Kubrat of Dulo dynasty, his nephew of feminine line.
630 Karluks rebel, Tung Yabgu (23) dies, W. Goktürk Kaganate split, SW and NE. SW run by Nushibis, under Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) (631-631), installed by Nishu Khan Shad (32), son of Baga Shad (24). NE run by Tele (Dulu), under Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) (630-631).
630 Chinese Tang defeat Eastern Goktürkic and occupy Eastern Goktürkic Khanate (Mongolia). Kat Il Khan (27) taken prisoner by Tang army, Eastern Goktürk Kaganate is ruled by Tang Empire for 50 years (630-682)
630 630-640 Chinese subdue Tarim Basin
630 Türks of Ordos become known as Gok Türks (Blue Türks), different from their northern neighbors - Tele
630 80 K Chinese living with Goktürks are captured
630 Tardu Tong Yabgu of Western Goktürk Kaganate (619-630), per Chinese chronicle Tanshu, subjugated Toleses between rivers Orkhon and Tola, and Lake Aral, Iranians, advanced to Khandagar in south. His army has hundreds of thousands of good bow-shooters.
630 W. Goktürks invade Armenia and defeat Persians. W. Goktürks clear S Caucasus
630 Xuanzang visits court of W. Türk kaghan Tung Yabghu near Lake Issyk-Kul
631 Seyanto tribe keeps independence.
631 Seyanto under China = 70K wagons
631 Uygur leader Tumidu, heir of Pusa, defeated Seyantos and seized their ranges. Emperor Taitszun sent an embassy to Seyanto leader Inan and recognized him as Khan, as a counterweight to Uygurs. Uygurs subordinated and recognized new Khan.
631 Seyanto state organized like Türk's. Khan's sons are Shads, leading Tolos (North) and Tardush (South). Army numbered 200K lances, smaller than was 1,000K of Gokürks' Shibir Khan.
631 Seyanto state successfully controlled all Türkic leaders except for Ordos Türks under Chinese protection. Some Ordos Türks move north into Seyanto state.
631 Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) replaced by Nishu Khan Shad (32) as Dulu Khan (631-634). Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) killed. W. Goktürk Kaganate reunited.
631 New Seyanto state spread from Altai to Khingan and from Gobi desert to Baikal.
631 Kutugur's rebelion against Avars and defeat of Kutugurs by Avars
631 Samo Slavs in 631 beat Frank Army of King Dagobert near Vogatisburg and gain their independence from Franks and Avars
631/632 (630) War of Dagobert I with the predominantly Slavic Samo (i.e. Shambat) state in territory of present Czechia and Croatia (in territory of Southern Poland and Northern Moravia and from about 631 in the lands of Lujitan Serbs of Prince Dervan). War began after Slavs robbed Frankish merchants and negotiations failed. In addition to the main army consisting of Austrazians, in Frankish campaign participated Alemans and Langobards, who were devastating Slavic lands. The main Frankish army advanced from Metz along Main, got stuck besieging Vogastiburg, (probably hill Rubin at Jatts in Czech territory) where Frankish army after three-day battle was crushed. Then Slavs started devastating attacks on the Franks' state and the lands of its vassals.
632 Seyanto gave a blow from behind. Ashina Chuni, loyal to traditions of Eastern Kaganate, raised his army against Seyanto. He had 50K army without success.
632 Yishbara Tolis Shad (33) is not trying to re-subjugate Bulgars
632 Kipchaks are not in 10 arrows of Western Kaganate
633 Kubrat unites Bulgar Kuturgur and Uturgur tribes and liberated from W. Goktürk Kaganate.
633 Kubrat organizes state, 2nd=kavkhan, 3rd=lchirguboyl ??
634 Seyanto tribe with 70K wagons keeps independence.
634 Dulu Khan (32) (631-634) dies, his younger brother Tong Shad becomes Yabgu as Yshbara Tolis-Shad Yabgu (634-639).
635 Kubrat escaped dominance of Goktürks and Khazars, by supporting Sibir-Khan in 630. He became independent, defeated Avars. Controlled near- Black Sea steppes
635 Kubrat sent embassy to Constantinople and received title of Patrician. Kubrat's Bulgaria joins Byzantium as Federatae. Byzantium becomes a bordering state with Khazaria of W. Goktürk Kaganate, controlling former Khazar territories.
635 In W Goktürk Kaganate nations that did not receive autonomy were Karluks, Yagma (YanNyan), Kipchaks, Basmals, and Hun (Dulu) tribes Chue, Chumi and Shato
635 Yshbara Tolis-Shad Yabgu reorganizes W. Goktürk Kaganate into 10-arrow Goktürks, of 5 Nushibi and 5 Tele (Dulu) tribal leaders, recognizing them as Shads (blood prince).
636 Bulgaria hostile with Khazars of W. Goktürk Kaganate on East, with Avars on West, with Byzantium on South.
636 NE of Western Goktürk Kaganate controlled by Tele Khan Tong Shad Yabgu, who attempts to unite W. and E. Goktürk Kaganates.
639 Seyanto ally with Gaochan in defense of Gaochan from aggression of Empire Tan. Gaochan is attacked and occupied.
639 Yishbara Tolis Shad (33) died, then (42), then cousin Bagadur, title = Irbis Yshbara Yabguu Khan (37)
639 Capital of 'South Horde' at Chu & Ili
641 Türks in service of Tan Empire are moved to north bank of Khuankhe and serve as a barrier against Seyanto.
641 Seyanto Khan Inan organized expedition against restored Goktürk vassal Kaganate on north bank of Khuankhe. Seyanto army demolished 80%.
641 Kipchaks have 100K people, 40K army, 90 K horses
641 Irbis Yshbara Yabgu Khan executed (37), his brother Yugu-Ukuk (38) selected Khan of Western Goktürk Kaganate (641-651)
641 Kipchak on Altai subordinated to Khan Ükuk Yabgu,
641 Boma on Enisey subordinated to Khan Ükuk Yabgu.
642 Kubrat died in 642, the second year of the reign of the Emperor Constans II (Constantine III) (641-668). Both Theophanes and Nicephorus tell of him leaving behind five sons who separated despite his admonition. Date is inconsistent with Asparukh appearing on Danube only in 679.
642 First Khazar - Arab war (642-652) against Abd Al Rahman
642 Imperial Chinese garrison in Khami deafeats W Goktürks of Irbis Dulu Khan
645 Seyanto Khan Inan died.
646 Remains of Seyanto Horde loose to Empire Tan army and are dispersed. Uygurs fought Seyanto with Empire Tan and become loyal subjects and fight in all wars for Empire.
646 Seyanto Khanate was destroyed by Empire and their allies Uygurs, people were mercilessly wiped out. Remains of Seyanto dispersed by slopes of Beyshan, and joined Goktürks.
646 Empire Tan breakes relations with W Goktürkic Kaganate
649 Türk Chebi Khan horde is resettled in East Khanganate vacated by Seyanto.
650 Irbis becomes first Kagan of Khazar's Kaganate (650?-….).
650 Kipchaks move to Upper Irtysh and E. Kazakhstan steppes under pressure from China and Uygurs
650 Langobards conclude conquest of whole Italia, excluding Ravenna, South Italia and Sicilia.
650 In village Nagi Szent Miklos in Hungary is found famous treasure, 23 golden cups with Türkic inscriptions, dated by Avar period (c 650)
650 Migration of Bulgars to middle Itil, attested to by burial sites in Shilovka and Brusyany. Burials are of Türkic nobility with complex rites and rich implements.
651 With loss of W.Goktürk Kaganate rule, former confedrate Khazaria with attached Bulgar Kutugurs, Alans, Slavs and Itil Bulgars gain independence. Khazars keep Kagan from Ashina dynasty.
651 Defeat of Khazar-Alan army by Abd Al Rahman Arabs in Euthrates battle.
651 W. Goktürks take Tinchjou (Bishbalyk = Head City)
652 End of first Khazar - Arab war (642-652) against Abd Al Rahman
653 Ükuk (38) died, son Chjenchu (39) (653-659)
655 Khazars allied with Alans.
656 Murder of Calif Osman. Civil war in Califate.
656 Founded Khazarian state
656 Advance of Chinese inperians against W Goktürkic Kaganate. Rebelion of Baiyrku, Sige, Bugu and Tonra against Empire Tan. Sogdiana occupied by Chinese (657-700)
658 Great Bulgaria, Baltavar Kubrat's state, is divided into 2 uluses, Western Kara Bulgar and Eastern Ak Bulgar Yorty, separated by river Shir (Don).
658 Kara Bulgar extended from estuary of (Danube) to Shir (Don). Ak Bulgar Yorty extended from Shir (Don) to estuary of Itil (Volga). Border went by river Aksu, including aul Kharka (current Kharkov). Bulyar was included as semi-autonomous beylik.
658 Great Bulgaria's capital Bandja, renamed fron Onoguria (Gr. Phanagoria). Summer stan is Khorysdan or Batavyl ( Lord's stan), present Putivl. In between are two more stans, Tiganak and Baltavar, present Poltava.
658 Shambat (Samo) retreats back to Bashtu (Kyiv), submits to Kurbat. Shambat left behind in the territory of Samo kingdom his Slavic subordinates, divided into Vijvodsvos.
659 Tang defeat last rulers of first Goktürkic empire. Chjenchu (39) executed, end of dynasty. Western Goktürkic Kaganate ceased to exist forever. Yshbara Khan died
660 Khan Kubrat Dulo (24) (618-660) died, is buried 13 km from Baltavar, present Poltava, burial excavated in 1912, no anthropological, forensic examination.
660 Kubrat's 1st son Bayan (Batbayan) is elected Baltavr and remains in Great Bulgaria, confederated with Khazars
660 Kubrat's 2nd son Kotrag resettled his Kuturgurs (Kotrags) West of Don, and in 730-740 they spread to E. Azov area to join Kuban Bulgars. Kotrag domain consisted of groups Barsula, Eskel (Esegel/Askal/Iskil/Sekels/Szekely/Szekely-ek/Scyth; S'k'l'/Skydy/Scyth - M.Z.) and Bulkar (Bulgar).
660 Kubrat's 3rd son, Atilkese, nicknamed Asparukh (Khan Asparukh) heads Onogurs (Utigurs)
660 Agvanian Djevanshir defeats Khazars
662 Tibetians penetrate Western region to support rebelling Türks
662 Arabs fight Khazars for Derbent
663 Dismemberment of Great Bulgaria - Divided up among Kubrat's five sons, third of which was Asparukh, Khan of Utiguri.
665 With death of Prince Samo first Slavic state is re-intrgrated into Avar Kaganate in 665
665 Kutlug (56) restores E. Goktürk Kaganate, becomes Elteres Kagan (665-691).
667 150K Kumans, Turkmens, Gok-Oguses and Kyrgises, confederated with Khazars, cross Itil from the east. Shambat and Asparukh battle Khazars, loose and flee to Bashtu, present Kiev.
667 Arabs defeat Peroz, last Sassanian shah, and cross Oxus River (Amu Darya) for the first time
668 Peace treaty between Khazars' Kagan Kaban and Kara Bulgar's Baltavar Bat-Boyan. Kara Bulgar is subordnated to Khazar.
669 Split of Kara Bulgar into W. and E. of Dniepr. West is controlled by Shambat and Asparukh, and East, including Bulyar, by Baltavar Bat-Boyan
670 Bat-Boyan Bulgars are defeated by Khazars. Khazars recover territory with east Bulgar (Utugur) and Alan populations.
670 Khazars under Alp-Ilitver defeat Bulgars
671 Large Horde of Kubrat's 3rd son, Atilkese, nicknamed Asparukh, after death of Shambat in 670, moved west with Onogurs (Utigurs) and some Turkmen (Byzantian historians call them Bolgars from now on), to Danube and Pannonia district Kashan, between rivers B
673 Arab raids to Bukhara, across Oxus River
675 Bulgars arrive on Danube under Asparukh
678 Kubrat's 4th son Kuber (Ultzindur?) (Balkor?) moved from S of Crimea his Ultzindurs and Ultzingurs of Hunnish stock to Pannonia under Avars (678-679)
678 Kubrat's 5th son Emnetzur (Altsek) moved his Alciagirs, Alcildzurs and Alpidzurs from Crimea to Italy under Byzantines, to duchy of Benevetto/Abruzi region, Pentapolis at Ravenna.
679 Byzantine's Constantine IV attacks Asparukh Bulgars. Bulgars retaliate, take Scythia and lower Moesia, Pliska becomes Khans' new headquarters.
679 Chuvash may be descendants of Utugur Bulgars and Volgo-Kama Bulgars. Tatars may be descendants of Utugur Bulgars and Volgo-Kama Bulgars.
679 Territorially, Bulgar's split is along Kutugur/Utugur uluses, with Kutugurs independent of Avar and W. Goktürk Kaganates, and Utugurs remaining in W. Goktürk Kaganate sphere.
679 Kubrat's Bulgaria is split into independent (Byzantium Federatae) west Khanate under Asparukh, controlling from Donets on East to Danube on West, and Eastern Ak Bulgar Yorty, subject to Khazar Kagan from Itil to Donets, with capital Onogoria (Gr. Phanago
679 Kipchaks restored Goktürk Kaganate, second component = Sirs, descendants of Seyanto, became 'Kok Goktürk' = Blue Türks, known as Kipchaks from that time
679 Revolt Against Tan Empire
679 Asparukh Bulgars defeat Byzantine troops and invade Thrace
680 Asparukh Kaganate includes Slavs. Asparukh Kaganate spreads into Dobrudja south of Danube.
680 Asparukh 680 treaty with Slavs recognizes their self-government and territory. Slav princes participate in people assembly along with Bulgarian nobles. state administration consists of a Khan and 12 Great Boyls.
680 Slav's obligation to Bulgars is to pay tribute and supply military contingents. state capital established in Pliska in Moesia.
680 Empire of Avars peaked at end of 7th century (680 AD), after devision of Kubrat Bulgaria between Avars and Khazars, when it reached from Volga to Danube
680 In Avaria, men were laid down in tombs with their horses, arms, and horse-trappings. Tomb objects are characterized by geometrical ornaments pressed upon a print, with a certain degree of Byzantine influence
680 Arab raids to Khwarizm, Samarkand
682 Albanian missionary bishop Israel describes ”Kingdom of Huns” (Belendjer) capital Varachan located north of Derbent, and Tangri cult of Northern Dagestan Barandjar (Balandjar) = Onogur = Utigur Bulgars, subordinated to Khazars.


In autumn Byzantium's Justinian II Cut-nose (685-695 d. 711) had to conclude peace treaty with Khan Asparukh's (681-702) Bulgarians, officially recognizing detachment of Moesia from empire and agreeing to pay annual tribute to Bulgars (? how much?).
682 Kutlug is proclamed Kagan, title Ilterish (Country Creator) and oranized a second Khanate, appointing his brother Kapagan as Shad, and another brother Tosifu as Yabgy
683 Successful Türkic rebellion led by Kutlug Ilterish (56) and Tonyukuk, restoration of Türkic Goktürk Kaganate
683 Khazar raid to Armenia
684 Khazar raid to Cis-Causasus
685 Kuber, a high Bulgar official in Avar Kaganate, entered Balkans with his tribal followers and settled in Macedonia (kübar (Azeri) noble, magnate, aristocrat, grandee, elite, compare Kubar rebellion and Magyar migration with Almush Arpad)
688 Greek occupation of Cis-Causasus
689 Otuz-Tatars are hostile to Kutlug Khan state
690 Bulgar Khan Bat-Boyan (660-690) dies, succeeded by his son Bu-Timer (690-700) in vassalage of Khazars
691 Kutlug Khan (56) (682-691) died, succeeded by his brother Mochur (Bak-chor) (Mochjo) (Mochur) (57) (691-716) as Kapagan Khan.
692 Boma live N. of Kyrgyz Khanate
692 Kutlug Khan subordinated Khalka
692 Kipchaks mixed with Kangar (Besenyos, Russ. 'Pecheneg') between Black Irtysh and Syr-Darya in Desht-i-Kipchak
694 Embassy from Kurykans arrived to China. Rebellion of Ashina Suytsy and his alliance with Tibetians. Chinese imperial troops crush Tibetians, Turgeshes and W Goktürks
700 Khazars are frequently allied with Huns of North Caucasus. Alp Elteber of Huns of North Caucasus is a vassal of Khazars. Huns capital city is Varachan (late 10 c).
700 Tatars lived north of Tatabs and Kara-Kibi, on Kerulen tributary of Amur river, in those times mostly engaged in fishing.
700 Oguz tribe federation relocates in great numbers from Orkhon area to vicinity of Talas, then to Syr Darya. Oguz dialect separates from Eastern Türkic, and by 11th century Oguz language of Syr Darya differs from Eastern Türkic in lexicon and pronounciation
701 Khan Asparukh (679-701) of Danube Bulgaria dies, his son or grandson Terval (702-718) succeeds him
703 Busir (Ibousir-Glavan) becomes Kagan of Khazar's Kaganate (703?-….).
703 Khazar royal princess ….. marries Bysantine emperror Justinian II to become Empress Theodora.
704 Ashina Khayn subjugated Semirechye for Empire Tan. Shato subdued without fight. Western Goktürks are subjugated, and Karluks, Huvu and Shunishes accede
705 Khan of Danube Bulgaria Tervel (702-718) aids Justinian II (705-711 restored) in regaining his control of Constantinople after a rebellion. Afterwards, Terval is crowned ”Caesar”.  Under new treaty Bulgaria received region of Zagora in Eastern Thrace south of Balkan range
705 Beginning of systematic Arab conquest of Transoxania. Qutaiba ben Muslim becomes Governor of Khurasan
706 Chinese break negociations with Goktürks
708 Chinese built three fortresses north of Huanhe against Goktürks
709 709 Arabs capture Bukhara and Samarkand. 711 Arabs capture Khiva. 712 Arabs subdue Khwarezm and recapture Samarkand. 713 Arabs sack Kashgar.
711 Khazars help to install Phillipicus as a Byzantine Emperor
711 Goktürks suppress rebelion of Turgeshes. Divisions in Khorezm
712 When Justinian II (705-711 restored) marched on Zagora in an attempt to recapture it, Khan-Caesar Tervel (702-718), after leaving Justinian II to his doom, sees fit to avenge his death by raiding and looting southern Thrace. Tervel reached walls of Constantinople.
712 Kuteyba subjugates Khorezm and takes Samakand. Emperor appoints Mohedo Tutuk a ruler of Samakand
713 Episcopal list of the 'eparchy of Gothia' (eparcia GotqiaV), contained in the so-called 'Notitia of the Isaurians,' provides for a 'Bishop of the Onogurs' (episkopo Onogourwn),  missionary suffragan of Crimean Gothic Metropolitan.
713 Arab embassy to China
714 Chinese, under emperor T'ai-tsong, defeat Goktürks at Lake Issyk-Kul.
714 Khazars loose Derbent to Arabs
714 Trurks are defeated at Byshbalyk. Shato subordinate to Empire Tan
715 Chinese beat back Goktürkic attacks on Beytin, and Arabs and Tibetians on Fergana 716 Luchen is taken from Kidanes. Turgeshes rebel against Empire and defeat Chinese and Karluks
715 Ases, and then Yasygs, are cruelly suppressed by Kapagan Kagan
716 Mochur (Bak-chor) (57) (691-716) Qapagan Khan died, after defeating Bayirku of upper Kerulen but killed on return trip. He was succeeded by Mogilyan (Mokilien) (63) (716-734), elder brother of Kul-tegin, installed by Kul-tegin. Peak of second Goktürk empire (716-734)


Peace treaty placed border between Khan Tervel's (702-718) Danube Bulgaria and Theodosius III's (715-717) Byzantium in Thrace, and Bulgaria kept region of Zagora. Byzantium had to pay annual tribute to Bulgars (? how much?)
718 Danube Bulgars under Khan Tervel as federats of Byzantium defeat Arab invasion and save Byzantium. Khan-Caesar Terval (26) (702-718) dies, ?.. becomes Khan (718-725).
718 Orkhon Inscriptions on Tonyukuk slella are created, describing events and providing Türkic perspective. Inscriptions are bilingual, in Kipchak language in Türkic alphabet, and in Chinese language in Chinese characters. Sources
718 Khazars invade Azerbaijan.
720 Goktürks' victory over Chinese imperians. Kashmirian Radj is given title Van
722 Second Khazar - Arab war (722-737) First campaign of Arabian troops led by Zh. Jirrah in Northern Caucasus against Alans and Khazars
722 Son of Türk Bilge Kagan, Tengru Khan, has 300K army
723 Khazars lose Balanjar to Arabs, move capital to Samandar
723 Start of massive Jewish emmigration to Khazaria (723-944)
724 In Avaria, after about 40 years, i.e., after 720 AD, figures of plants and animals were used more frequently, were cast and decorated. New art shows Türkic Asian features, probably a new population coming from east took place of earlier one
724 Second Jirrah's campaign in Northern Caucasus.
725 Danube Bulgar Khan ..?. (718-725) dies, end of Dulo dynasty. Sevar becomes Khan (725-740). Danube Bulgar Khanate expands.
727 Khazars invade Azerbaijan. Muslam's raid against Khazars
730 Khazar's Barjik leads 300K army to raid Azerbaijan (Albania?). At Arbadil, Khazars defeat entire Arab army.
732 Orkhon Inscriptions on Kul Tegin slella with a large and small inscriptions, and on Tonyukuk slella. Inscriptions are bilingual, in Kipchak language in Türkic alphabet, and in Chinese language in Chinese characters. Sources
732 Otuz-Tatars moved from Goktürks to Amur-area taiga.
732 Khazar princess Chichek marries Bysantine emperror Constantine V to become Empress Irene.
734 Mogilyan Khan (63) poisoned, his son Yollyg-Tegin (Yijan) (65) died, his brother Bilge Kutlug Khan (66) succeeded as Tengri Kagan (66) (734-741).
735 Fubin annulled statuary. Chinese and foreign (Syanbinian) stratification was fixed and joining Chinese people was impossible. This started a new ethnical substrate. All non-Chinese could only join border army, hated by Chinese element.
735 Campaign of Arabian military leader Mervan Kru in Alania. Alan king Itaz.
737 Arabs force conversion to Islam. …... becomes first Kagan of Khazar's Kaganate to convert to Islam for political reasons (703?-….).
737 Khazars loose Samandar to Arabs, move capital to Itil.
737 Goktürks attack Kucha
740 Danube Bulgaria Khan Sevar (725-740) dies, Kormisos becomes Khan (740-756)
740 Ashina Sin is appointed a ruler of ten tribes, sent west and killed. After his death Dumochji, Yabgu of three tribes is appointed Dumochji, Yabgu of three tribes
740 - 1335 A.D
Founder - Kutlug Bilgekul Khan (Bilge Kutlug Tengri Khan)
Area - Central Asia and Northern Mongolia
552 - 743 A.D
Founder - Bumin Khan (Tumen)
Area - From Black Sea across Asia along northern borders of Mongolia and China almost to Pacific Ocean, and valleys of Altay Mountains (Ergenikon) (Total Area - 18,000,000 Km 2)
744 Ozmysh Kagan (68) (742-743) killed by Basmils. Basmils failed to take control of E. Goktürk Kaganate, and Uygurs, with Karluk help, set Kuli Peilo Khan as Kutlug Bilga Kagan (11) (Tengrida Bolmish El, Qutluq Bilge Qaghan) (742 - 747). Creation of Uygur
744 Uygurs substituted one Türkic people for another, closely related, for hegemony of Mongolia, in the next century (744-840)
747 Khan Marduan of Daghestani Bulgars, Burjans, build a small wooden city, named city Marduan. Khazars called it Mardukan. Present Bulgar (Great Bulgar)
747 Tatars lose a battle to Uygurs N-W of Selenga. Tatars were caught at Keyre spring and river Tri- birkyu, and lost half of army.
747 Ay Tengrida Qut Bolmish, Tutmish Bilge Qaghan (11) dies. Bayanchur (12) (747 -759).
747 Created Shine-usu, Terkhin and Tes inscriptions. Inscriptions are in Old Uygur?? language in Türkic alphabet. Kagan Bayanchur (747-759) relates 6-th c events with ”QSR=QASAR”. Sources
750 Bulgars live along north-western shore of Caspian Sea
750 After living as neighbors of Chuvash people for over 1,000 years, a part of Hungarians moved south to ”Levedia” in approximately 750 AD, while others remained between Itil River and Ural Mountains
750 Kengeres/Pecheneg/Kangar/Besenyos living west of Uygurs and are hostile with them
751 Defeat of Chinese armies at Talas river by a combined forces of Goktürks, Arabs and Tibetans. End of Chinese control over Turkestan. Paper starts spreading to Arabs and on to Europe
752 Tatars lived on eastern border of Uygyria.
753 Ilmish Kutlug Khan is Kara Khan of Goktürks
755 Constantine V (son of Leo III) builds a chain of forts along Bulgarian border. War begins between Danube Bulgars and Byzantines. After initial success, Bulgars are defeated.
755 Created Orkhon Inscription on Mogilyan Bilge Khan slella. Inscriptions are bilingual, in Kipchak language in Türkic alphabet, and in Chinese language in Chinese characters. Sources
756 Danube Bulgaria Khan Kormisos (740-756) dies, Vinekh becomes Khan (756-761)
759 El Tutmish Alp Qutluq Bilge Qaghan. El Tekin (13) (759 - 779).
760 Khazar Kagan Boghatur (760?-…)
760 Bulgar Khan Tat-Ugek renames city Marduan to Bulgar, which becomes a center of small Burjan kingdom.
761 Khan Vinekh of Danube Bulgaria (756-761) and all his kin assassinated. Teletz of Ugain clan and a leader of conspiracy is elected new Khan (761-763).
762 Khazars, led by As Tarkhan, invade and re-conquer Cis-Caucasia. 764 Khazars take Tbilisi
763 Danube Bulgaria Khan Telets seizes southern Thrace. Bulgars loose battle of Anchiel. Khan Telets (761-763) is murdered by hostile Boils for his failure. Umar, then Bayan (763-765) is elected new Khan
765 Danube Bulgaria Khan Bayan (763-765) is replaced by Toktu, then Magan, then Telerig (c.765-777) assumes Bulgarian Khan-hood.
772 War between Greeks and Danube Bulgars. Khazaria unites with Alania
775 Leo IV ”Khazar” emperor of Byzantine Empire (775-780)
777 Danube Bulgaria Khan Telerig (c.765-777) is replaced by Kardam (c.777-c.803)
779 Alp Qutluq Bilge Qaghan. Tonga Bagha (14) (779 - 789).
780 Leo II, greatson of Khazar Kagan, ruler of Abkhazia. (780-….)
786 Khazars help Abkhazia to free from Byzantine, and Abkhazia becomes Khazarian dependency
789 Tengride Bolmish Qutluq Bilge Qaghan. Taras (15) (789 - 790).
790 Qutluq Bilge Qaghan. Aychur (16) (790 - 795).
790 Shato subordinate to Tibet. Tibetians take Beytin and Kucha (Ansi) 791 Tibetians take Khotan
791 Franks met resistance on their campaign in area of Austria and Slovenia
791 Danube Bulgaria Khan Kardam (c.777-c.803) utterly defeats campaign of Byzantine Constantine VI (780-797) of Isaurian Dynasty
792 Franks met with little resistance on their 2 campaigns in area of Austria and Slovenia because of Avar/Bulgar/Slav draught and famine
792 Avar leaders fought each other between 792 and 795, but Kagan and Yugrush, his fellow ruler, were killed by their own men, who blamed them for draught and famine
792 Danube Bulgaria Khan Kardam (c.777-c.803) again utterly defeats campaign of Byzantine Constantine VI
794 Tibetians defeat Uygurs 795 Tatabs and Tatars are defeated by Chinese
794 According to archaeological evidence, Avars populated Banat, Crishana, and parts of Transylvania. Their number in Transylvania is not very high, but this is difficult to estimate. As in other territories, they probably lived together with Slavic tribes
795 Avars power broken, Franks destroyed residence of Kaganat. Nestor chronicle stipulates that all Avars died, but some retired to east of Tisza. Last reliable mention of Avars is from 822, and in 873 there is a record of uncertain character.
795 Ay Tengride Ulugh Bolmish Alp Qutluq Bilge Qaghan. Qutluq (17) (795 - 805)


Danube Bulgaria Khan Kardam (c.777-c.803) demanded Byzantine to pay its annual tribute, Constantine VI (780-797) challenged him.
 Theophanes: Emperor Constantine VI (780-797) led army in a raid on Bulgaria. After battle in July 796 near fortress Markella in Eastern Thrace,  he signed peace treaty with Danube Bulgaria Khan Kardam (777-803) to pay annual tribute (? how much?). When basileus cheated on treaty obligations, Bulgarian ruler sent him warning: ”Pay your dues or I'll ravage Thrace”
796 Avar Kagan and his warlords abandoned their capital Rhing before Frankish host reached it in 796, but 90 per cent of Charlemagne's horses that advanced as far as Gyõr in 791 also perished of famine
796 Avar state, weakened by internal dissent, was destroyed by a combined Frankish and Bulgarian Khan Kardam attack in 796.
797 Constantine VI  captured and blinded by supporters of his mother Irene, who was crowned as first ever Byzantine Empress regnant, apparently following example of Türkic tradition of Danube Bulgars


Bulgars Dateline 800-1099 AD Continued
In Russian
Contents Bulgars
Contents Huns
Bulgars And Bulgarians
Ogur and Oguz
Western Hun's Khan Lineage
Bulgarian Khans List
Bulgar Ethnonym
Bulgar Archeology
Klyosov A. Türkic DNA genealogy
Alinei M. Kurgan Culture Mesolith
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline
Updated on: 12/12/2004