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Language Types
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Indo-European, Arians, Dravidian, and Rigveda
Scythian Ethnic Affiliation
Foundation of the Scythian-Iranian theory
Türkic borrowings in English
Türkic in Romance
Alans in Pyrenees
Türkic in Greek
Türkic-Sumerian
Türkic-Etruscan
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline
2,000 TÜRKIC BORROWINGS IN RUSSIAN
A - D

KazSSR Academy of Sciences
Linguistics Institute
E. N. Shipova
Dictionary of Türkisms in Russian Language
Alma-Ata, "Science" KazSSR, 1976, ISBN -none
Editor-in-chief Akad. A.N.Kononov

Cover Page A - D E - M N - T U - Ya

Links

 

Posting Foreword

Posting notes see Cover Page. To preserve the pagination of the Russian original, the words are listed in the original Russian alphabetical order. All etymological notes are excluded, for a complete scope see Russian version, for a precise original spelling see PDF image. Dialectal variations without a separate etymological discourse in the original are excluded. Only a root meaning is included; the cluster of derivatives, which in many cases includes verbs and adjectives, are listed in the original in the etymological notes, and are excluded. The total posted word count is 1,412, with the derivatives the count would triple or quadruple to a conservative 5,000 - 6,000 main entries. Practically every Russian noun can have a verb form, they are not necessarily listed in the original Dictionary, but are implied by default, so the 49 listed verbs are those specially noted semantically; another 1,000 are implied. A similar situation is with adjectives, participles, and gerunds. E.N. Shipova listed them only in exceptional cases, where they carry an independent meaning, and then only when they were listed in her sources. Gender indicator corresponds to the initial Russian word only.

Posting statistics:

          total   noun   verb adjective adverb exclamation
        n, nf, nm, nneu, npl   v adj adv excl
    1,412   1,316   49 34 9 3
Word count:

A

     B     V G D E J Z I K L M N O P R S T U F Kh Ts Ch Sh Sch Y Yu Ya
82 255 14 21 51 21 6 10 22 275 24 59 27 12 24 4 152 136 33 8 30 3 98 54 5 3 9 36
6% 18% 1% 1% 4% 1% 0.4% 0.7% 2% 19% 2% 4% 2% 1% 2% 0.3% 11% 10% 2% 0.6% 2% 0.2% 7% 4% 0.4% 0.2% 0.6% 3%

Semantics: The first observation is that the dictionary confirms the old adage: Scratch a Russian, and underneath is a Tatar (i.e. a Türk). The scope of "Türkisms" in Russian is a language in itself; with a 1,412-word root vocabulary you can write a book, a poem, or an article on any subject in the Middle Age life. Moreover, without the Türkic words, no book, poem, or an article can be written in Russian on any subject.

The second semantical observation completely refutes a city myth promulgated in the past 2-3 centuries, that the Türkic words were imposed during the "Mongolo-Tatar Yoke" period in the 13th - 15th centuries. Under that scenario, a pristine Slavic language became contaminated by Türkisms, producing the Old Russian language. The Dictionary demonstrates the opposite: in the pre-Mongolian times the Russian children grew in Türkic households whose Türkic vocabulary covered from baby lullabies and cradles to agriculture, cattlebreeding, natural resources, and war. The number of words that come with the mother's milk is nothing less than manifesting. The number of words that come with father's and grandfather's training is nothing less than manifesting. Just one outer garment, caftan, has 16 types. Another garment, raincoat, has 5 types. This detailed variety can't be imposed, it must be absorbed in the family, within the fabric of society. This linguistic observation of a symbiotic population is corroborated by the revealing map of B- blood group, which has a demarcation line distinctly separating Eastern Europe from the Central and Western Europe.

The third semantical observation flies in the face of the promulgated notion that in respect to agriculture and household ware, the Türkic nomads had nothing to give the sedentary Slavs. The number of Türkic terms attests to just the opposite. Without Türkic terminology, there is no Russian subsistent agriculture. This fact demonstrates that the steppe nomads had the level of agricultural production far exceeding that of their Slavic counterparts at the dawn of times. At the same time, they endowed the Russian language with rich cattlebreeding vocabulary. Just one appurtenance, bag, has 18 types, with 4 types just for the water bag. Nothing can be further from the truth than the image, canonized in Russian-lingual historiography, of a wild raider feeding on defenseless settlers. The war-related vocabulary is impressive, but it is a small fraction of the words depicting a civil life.

Finally, the scope of nature lexicon reflects a picture of rowing newcomers coming in small numbers to an old neighborhood. The lexicon includes 70+ Türkic terms for flora and dozens for fauna, depicting the environment that the Slavic guests had to get acquainted and adopt. The idea that a handful of Mongolo-Tatar rulers, who newer settled within the Rus lands, and whose only task was organization and collection of taxes, could impose such a fine nature vocabulary on their vassals is preposterous. This education and retention could only result from within a family, passed from generation to generation who live very close to the native land.

The Türkic words, like the people who remember them, belong to numerous various tribes and dialects that settled the Eastern Europe, some of them may be traced to the Sredny Stog culture and its siblings. These words are as monumental as the most significant archeological monuments, they froze in time the life of the days long past. The oldest dated layer belongs to the Bulgar Onogurs, known to us from their Greek neighbors, who passed to us their name and the name of the 5th c. BC port city Phanagoria in the Onogur Scythian lands. We should be forever grateful to Elizabeth Shipova for the opportunity to visit that past.

A - D

Blue font - entries added to the contents of the dictionary
Brown font - entries added to the index but not to the contents of the dictionary yet

Cyrillic Grammar English Translation
а? - av?
аба
абаз, абас
абаза
абатур,  абатура
абдраган
авдан-сыры
агач
ад
адам
адряс
аё, аёв, аю
азям, озям
аир, ир
interject.
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nnd
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
a?
aba
abaz, abas
abazа
abatur, abatura
abdragan
avdan-syry
agach
ad
adam
adryas
ayo, ayov, aju
azyam, ozyam
air, ir
what did you say?
cloth; raincoat
coin
stupid Muslim
impudent fellow
fear
holiday
distance
hell
pra-man
fabric
bear
dress type
plant Acorus Calamus
айва
айда, гайда, айдате
айдар
айран
айтыс
акжилан, акзилан
аклёй
аксакал
акын
аладжа (алача)
аламанский, ламанский (язык)
Алан
Алена (Пленница) (alın- пленить)

ялань, елань
алап,  алапа
алар
алафа
алачуга
алашить
Албан
албастый, лобастый, лопаетый
алдыром
аллах
алмаз
алпаут
алтабас
алтын
алый
алым, алыма
алыр, алыра
алырить, алырничать
алыча
альник
аман
аманат
амбар, анбар
анаша
анга-сыры
ангич
андарак, андрак
анжиган, анджиган
анука anuk (ready) готов, давай
апайка
аран, аранка
арба, араба
арбуз
аргал
аргамак I
аргамак II
аргасун
аргаж
аргйш, аргыш
аргуван (багряник) - ärɣuvan
аргун
ардыш
аркалык
аркан
армуд
арса I, арца
арса II, арца
артачиться, ртачитьея
артель
архалук, архалуг
арча
арчак
аршан
аршин
арьян
атаман
атлан
атлас
аулык, ауляк
ахун
ашать
ашбар (месиво из соломы и отрубей) - ašbar
ашуг
аяй

nf
npl
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
adj
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
nf
nf
v
nm
adj
v
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
adj
nf
nm
v
nf
nm
v
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
adv.
nf
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nf
nf
nf
v
nf
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
v
nm
nm
nm
v
nm
nm
excl

aiva
aida, gaida, aidate
aidar
airan
aitys
akjilan, akzilan
aklyoj
aksakal
akyn
aladja (alacha)
Alaman, Laman (language)
Alan
Alena

yalan, elan
alap m., alapa f.
alar
alafa
alachuga
alashit
Alban
albastyi, lobastyi, lopastyi
aldyrom
Allah
almaz
alpaut
altabas
altyn
alyi
alym, alyma
alyr m., alyra f.
alyrit, alyrnichat
alycha
alnik
aman
amanat
ambar, anbar
anasha
anga-syry
angich
andarak, andrak
anjigan, andjigan
anuka
apaika
aran m., aranka f.
arba, araba
arbuz
argal
argamak I
argamak II
argasun
argaj
argish, argysh
arguvan
argun
ardysh
arkalyk
arkan
armud
arsa I, artsa
arsa II, artsa
artachitsya
artel
arhaluk, arhalug
archa
archak
arshan
arshin
aryan
ataman
atlan
atlas
aulyk, aulyak
ahun
ashat
ashbar
ashug
aiay
quince
get going
hairstyle
curdled milk drink
song contest
snake Coluber dione
duck
elder
minstrel
fabric type
German? Alanian?
Alan
Alena (name)

meadow
floodplane
grove
happiness
outdoor kitchen
brawl
Alban
warlock
gulp
God (Muslim)
diamond
noble
cloth type
coin
scarlet
simpleton
magician
swindle
plum
dress type
give up
hostage
barn
hemp
feast type
duck
underskirt
antelope fawn
ready, go, let's (do)
sister (respect)
wetlands
horsecart
water-melon
dry dung
argamak (horse)
tall man
dry dung
trout
caravan
Dierama pendulum (plant)
craftsmen
juniper
saddle belt
lasso
quince
pressed curd
juniper
to jib
craftsmen gang
coat type
ride fare
caoachman
spring (water)
length (unit)
yogurt
headman
to mount (horse)
atlas (map)
duck
scholar (Muslim)
eat
swill, slop
minstrel
shame on you
 

Ба! (Ба, знакомые все лица)
бабайка
баберёк, баберек
бабр
бабук, бабун
бабуши
бабушка - abučqa
баган
багана
бадана
бадран
бадьян
баерак
баз
база
базан, базлан
базанить, базланить
базилики
базлук, базлык, бузлук
базулить
бай
базынитъ
байбарак I, байберёк, бамберёк
байгуш
байдан
байрам, бейрам
бакай
бакалд I
бакалда I, бакалдина
бакалда II
бакалея
бакир
бакла, бакля, баклёшка
баклага, баклажка,боклаг
баклажан I
баклажан II
баклан
баклёйка, баклея
баклёшка
бактриан
бакша I, бахча
бакша I, бахча
бакша I, бахча
бакша I, бакса, баксы
бакшиш
балабайка
балабан, балобан
балаган
балакирь
балалайка, балабойка
баламука
баламут
баламыка
балахон
балбал
балбес
балда I
балда I
балда II
балда II
балда II
балдак
балдран
балкан
балодка
балчуг I, балчук, балчук
балчуг II
Балтик (море)
балык
барабан
барабуз
бар(а)булька, барабуля, барабуня
баракчан
баран
баранта
барантач
баранчук
бухты-барахты
барахчан
барда, барда
бардак I
бардак II
бардак II
бардачок
бармакй
барнаул
барс
барсук
барыш
барька
басалык I
басалык II, басалук
баскак I
баскак II,  баскачйха
басма I
басма II
басма III
басма IV
басман
басманник
басмар
басмач
батаман, батаман
баткак
батман
батрак,  батрачка
батырь
баурсак
бахилы
бахмат
бахмёт
бахрома
бахтарма, бухтарма
башибузук
башка
башклейка
башлык
башлык
башлык
башлык
башмак
башмак
башмак
башмачок
баштан
баю-бай, бай-бай
баян.
баян.
баяннист.
бдеть - bodi
беда - bad adj 
бедствие - bad adj
безалаберный
безга, безьга
безмен
бек
беклемеша,  и
бекмез
бекмес
белег
белезек
белиза
белиш
белиш
бельгун
бельмес I
бельмес I
бельмес I
бельмес I
бельмес II
бельчуг
бергамот
беречь - berkla
беркут
бескунак
бесталанный
бешбармак, бишбармак
бешкеш
бешлeйка
бешмет
бизилика
бикмес
биляй
бирка
бирюза
бирюк I
бирюк II, бирючок
бисневой, бисной
битюг, битюк
битюг, битюк
битюжник
бичак
бичера
бишлёк
бздеть - bez-  дрожать, трепетать
блязик
богара
богатство - baylïq
богатырь
богульник, богун
бок - bïqïn
бока
бокай
болван
болван
болван
болван
болван
болгара
больдурук
бора
бормотать
боровчак
борок
борок
береш
борондук, борундук
боры
босый
боярак
брага
бронь
бубрег
бугай I
бугай I
бугай I
бугай II
бугай II
будан
будить - bodi-
буерак, байрак, баерак
буза
бузить - buz-
буздыхан
булат
булат
булатный
булга
булгак
булгачить
булгур
бултухнуться - bul- кинуться, нырять
бултыхать - bul- трясти

бульбуль
булькать - bulɣaq-  волнение (о воде) > бульон
бунчук
бура
бура
бура
бур
бурав, буравль (вор.)
бурить
бураложник
буран
бурда, бурдомага - bor, bur = вино burda
бурдук
бурка I
бурка II
буркун
бурлака
бурметь
бурнастый I, бурластый, бурлатный
бурнастый II
бурнус
бурсак
бурт
бурун I
бурун II
бурун III
бурундук I
бурундук II
бурундук III, бурунчук
бурундук IV
бурхан
бурчак
бурый
бусел, бусель, бусол
бусель
бусы
бутка
бутуз, бутус
бутурла,  и
бутурлык
бухмёт
бухта (кабеля)
бучкан
бушмак
буяв
буян
бык
был - bol-
быль, быля
быть - bol-
быша
бязь

вава, вавка - uva  (with prosthetic -v)
вада
вакуфа, вакуф
варлыжить
ватаман, ватаман
вахта - vaqt
великий - ulu (ulug)
вера - vara
вериги - vergi   'налог’
верх - örü
весна - ya:z (n-)
(summer, spring, весна)
веять, дуть (о ветре) - tüpir

визирь
влага
владеть
власть
воин - boi
войлок
война - boi
вол
волглый, волгкий
волога
вор
враг - yaɣï
вурдалак
вьюрок, юрок
вымя - emig
высокий - jüksäk

выя - boi

гавкать - qavčï
газават
газел(л)а, газель
газель
гайда
гайдамак
гайтан
гак
галиматья - ɣalät, ɣalet  галиматья ошибочный
гарбуз, гарбуз
гардал
гарем
гарип
гарман
гаффэ - ɣafillïq
гашиш
глупец jalɣu  огуз. глупец
гоголь
гоготать - qaɣ quɣ
гунак, гуначик
гунан
гуран
гурда
гурьба
гяур

даба
даган
дайга (тайга?)
далак
далма
дарага, дорога, даруга
дарай
девянуш
делибаш
делить  - dil- 
деньга
дербень
дерево - terek
дервиш
десть
дефтёр, девтёр
дехкан, дехканин
джайлау, джейлау
джейран
джем
джерганак
джигит
джигитай
джида
джирйм, жирйм
джугара
джульма
джумбура
джурапки, шурапки
джут
дзерён
див
диван
диван
диван
dobro - tuwra
доломан, долиман
доля - dävlät  
домбра, домра
домрачей
донгус
достакан
достархан
драгоман
дрофа, драфа, драхва
другой
дувал
дуван
дуван
дуга
дуда, дудка
дудак
дулма, дурма
дума
дунан
дурман - därman
дутар
дуть, веять (о ветре) - tüpir
духан

 

excl
nf
nf
nm
nm
npl
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
nf
nf
nm
v
npl
nm
v
nm
v
nm
nf
nf
nf
nm
nf
nf
nf
nf
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nf
nm
nf
nf
nf
nf
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nf
nf
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nf
nf
nf
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nf
adj
nf
nf
nm
nf
nf
nf
nf
nf
nf
adj
nm
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nf
nf
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nf
nf
nm
nf
nf
nf
nm
nm
adj
nf
nf
nf
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
v
nf
nn
adj
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
adj
nm
nm
v
nm
nm
adj
nm
nm
nf
nm
nf
nm
nm
nf
nf
nf
nm
adj
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
v
nm
nf
nn
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nf
nf
v
nm
nm
nm
adj
nm
nm
adj
nm
nf
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
v
nm
nf
v
nm
nm
nm
adj
n
nm
v
nm
v
v

nm
v
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
v
nm
nf
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
nf
adj
adj
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nm
adj
nm
nf
nf
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
v
nm
v
nf
nf

nf
v
nm
v
nf
nf
прил.
nf
nf
nm
nf
v

nm
nf
v
nf

nm

nm
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
nf
nm
nf
nm

nf

v
nm
nf
nf
v
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nf
nm
nm
nm
nn
nm
nm
nm
v
nm
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm

nf
nf
nf
nm
nf
nneu
nm
nm
nf
v
nf
nm
nneu
nm
nf
nm
nf
nneu
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nf
nm
nf
nf
nf
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
nneu
nf
nf
nf
nm
nm
nf
nm
nm
nf
adj
nm
nm
nm
nf
nf
nm
nf
nf
nm
nm
nm
v
nm

 

ba!
babaika
baberyok, baberek
babr
babuk, babun
babushi
babushka
bagan
bagana
badana
badran
badyan
baerak
baz
baza
bazan, bazlan
bazanit, bazlanit
baziliki
bazluk, bazlyk, buzluk
bazulit
bai
bazynit
baibarak I, baiberyok, bamberyok
baigush
baidan
bairam, beiram
bakaj
bakald I
bakalda I, bakaldina
bakalda II
bakaleya
bakir
bakla, baklya, baklyoshka
baklaga, baklajka, boklag
baklajan
baklajan
baklan
baklyojka, bakleya
baklyoshka
baktrian
baksha, bahcha
baksha, bahcha
baksha, bahcha
baksha, baksa, baksy
bakshish
balabaika
balaban, baloban
balagan
balakir
balalaika, balabojka
balamuka
balamut
balamyka
babakhon
balbal
balbes
balda I
balda I
balda II
balda II
balda II
baldak
baldran
balkan
balodka
balchug I, balchuk, balchuk
balchug II
Baltic
balyk
baraban
barabuz
bar(а)bulka, barabulya, barabunya
barakchan
baran
baranta
barantach
baranchuk
bukhty-barakhty
barahchan
barda
bardak
bardak
bardak
bardachok
barmaki
barnaul
leopard
badger
barysh
barka
basalyk I
basalyk II, basaluk
baskak I
baskak II, m., baskachjha
basma I
basma III
basma III
basma IV
basman
basmanik
basmar
basmach
bataman, bataman
batkak
batman
batrak
batyr
baursak
bahily
bahmat
bahmyot
bakhroma
bahtarma, buhtarma
bashibuzuk
bashka
bashkleika
bashlyk
bashlyk
bashlyk
bashlyk
bashmak
bashmak
bashmak
bashmachok
bashtan
baju-baj, baj-baj
bayan
bayan
bayanist
bdet
beda
bedstvie
bezalabernyi
bezga, bezga
bezmen
bek
beklemesha
bekmez
bekmes
beleg
belezek
beliza
belish
belish
belgun
belmes
belmes
belmes
belmes
belmes
belchug
bergamot
berech
berkut
beskunak
bestalanyi
beshbarmak, bishbarmak
beshkesh
beshleika
beshmet
bizilika
bikmes
bilyai
birka
buruza
biryuk
biryuk
bisnevoi, bisnoi
bityug, bityuk
bityug, bityuk
bityujnik
bichak
bichera
bishlyok
bzdet
blyazik
bogara
bogatstvo
bogatyr
bogulnik, bogun
bok
boka
bokaj
bolvan
bolvan
bolvan
bolvan
bolvan
bolgara
bolduruk
bora
bormotat
borovchak
borok
borok
beresh
boronduk, borunduk
bory
bosyi
boyarak
braga
bron
bubreg
bugai I
bugai I
bugai I
bugai II
bugai II
budan
budit
buerak, bajrak, baerak
buza
buzit
buzdyhan
bulat
bulat
bulatnyi
bulga
bulgak
bulgachit
bulgur
bultuhnutsya
bultyxat

bulbul
bulkat
bunchuk
bura
bura
bura
bur
burav, buravl
burit
buralojnik
buran
burda
burduk
burka I
burka II
burkun
burlaka
burmet
burnastyi I, burlastyi, burlatnyi
burnastyi II
burnus
bursak
burt
burun
burun
burun
burunduk I
burunduk II
burunduk III, burunchuk
burunduk IV
burhan
burchak
brown
busel, busel, busol
busel
busy
butka
butuz, butus
buturla, m. and
buturlyk
buhmyot
buhta (cable)
buchkan
bushmak
buyav
buyan
byk
byl
byl, bylya
byt
bysha
byaz

vava, vavka
vada
vakufa, vakuf
varlyjit
vataman, vataman
vahta
velikiy

vera
verigi (pl.)
verkh
vesna
veyat, dut

vizir
vlaga
vladet
vlast

voin

voilok
voina
vol
volglyi or volgky
vologa
vor
vrag
vurdalak
vyurok or yurok
vymya
vysokiy

vyya

gavkat
gazavat
gazella
gazelle
gaida
gajdamak
gajtan
gak
galimatia
garbuz, garbuz
gardal
garem
garip
garman
gaffe
gashish
glupets
gogol
gogotat
gunak, gunachik
gunan
guran
gurda
gurba
gyaur

daba
dagan
dajga (a taiga?)
dalak
dalma
daraga, daroga, daruga
daraj
devyanush
delibash
delit
denga
derben
derevo
dervish
dest
deftyor, devtyor
dehkan, dehkanin
djajlau, djejlau
djeiran
djem
djerganak
djigit
djigitai
djida
djirjm, jirjm
djugara
djulma
djumbura
djurapki, shurapki
djut
dzeryon
div
divan
divan
divan
dobro
doloman
dolya
dombra, domra
domrachei
dongus
dostakan
dostarhan
dragoman
drofa, drafa, drahva
adruq
duval
duvan
duvan
duga
duda, a pipe
dudak
dulma, durma
duma
dunan
durman
dutar
dut, veyat
dukhan

 

ba!
granny
cloth type
tiger type
earthen hare
slippers
granny
tent support
rod
body armor
plant type
plant type
ravine
cattle pan
cattle pan
verbose man
scream loudly
wrist
horseshoe
pamper, grow gently
rich man
moo
fabric type
pauper
waste land
holiday type
bog waterway
vegetable vendor
vegetable market
lagoon
groceries
tilted
fish type
flask
tomato
eggplant
seagull
fish type
fish type
camel
pack of tea
pack of tobacco
melon field
shaman
tribute pay
balalaika
falcon type
shed
jar
balalaika
drink
fish type
drink
dress type
stone statue
stupid
axe
mallet
thick end of cudgel
thick end of sword
bulb part of something
goblet
plant type
foothill valley
hammer
fish market
wetland
Baltic Sea
smoked fish
drum
coachman
fish type
calf
ram
carttle theft
bandit
young man
unprepared
calf
brewery mash
jar type
brothel
disorder
glove compartment
pitchfork
coin
leopard
badger
profit
sheep
cudgel
marshland
tax collector
insolent man
Khan's stamp
metall relief, ornament
paint
stupid
royal court bread
royal baker
cold fog
raider
house goblin
bog
weight
farm laborer
brave, strongman
pasta
footwear
horse type
furry
tassels
leather type
soldier
head
fish type
Scythian hood hat
headman
outer hood hat
heading, leading
footwear type (fem, child)
calf type
calf leg leather
calf
melon field
lullaby
Khan Boyan-Chelbir
harmonica
bayan player, singer
alert
calamity
disaster
careless
fever
steelyard
prince
maladroit
meat dish
fruit jelly
signed blank
bracelet
axe
egg white
piroshki type
owl type
fool
illiterate
impudent fellow
bulging eyes
ignorant
ring
pear
preserve
eagle
spting snow storm
untalented
meat dish
bribe
hair coin ornament
short caftan
bracelet
honey
mittens
tag
turquoise
lone wolf
bachelor
silvery
strong horse
strong, healthy man
cargo freighter
knife
pauper
cheese
shiver, tremble
wrist
non-irrigated land
wealth
strongman
grass
side
dice game
lagoon
inept, crude man
rough log
mannikin head (taylor)
balbal
idol
dress type
partridge
hurricane
mutter
calf
fold
collar
crumpled
animal type
folds (clothing)
gray
ravine
beer
armor, protection
animal kidney
bull-producer
heron type
suspended log (siege weapon)
sundress
dress type
soup
wake up
ravine
beer drink
make a row, misbehave, crush
mace
Damask steel
sword
strong, decorated
turmoil
troublemaker
stir turmoil
wheat groats
jump in, dive
shake

nightingale
gurgle
horse tail banner
camel (fem)
camel (male)
spitter
drill, rimmer
drill
drill
hunter
snowstorm
Slops, burdomaga
drink
raincoat
brown horse
weed type
barge hauler
fabric type
reddish
plumate
raincoat
bread type
curb
strong wave
sandbar
calf
squirrel type
camel reign
plant type
bench
religious statue
peas
brown
crane bird
algae
beads
soup
short statue
verbose man
leg armor
well-nourished
spool (cable)
plant type
calf
plnt type
public place
bull
was
noble
to be
sunrays
fabric type

wound
attract
endowment
wander
headman
duty period, shift, watch
great

faith, faithfulness
rugs
top
spring (season)
winnow, blow

vizier
moisture
possess, rule
power (ruling)

warrior

felt
war
ox
wet
moisture
thief
enemy
vampire
shuttle (textile)
udder
tall (height)

neck

bark (dog)
gazavat
gazelle
gazelle
let's go
soldier type
lace
pasturing payment
galimatia, nonsense
water-melon
mustard
harem
foreigner
horse-driven thrashing
awkward act
hashish
fool
duck type
gaggle
calf
calf
wild goat
sabre
crowd
non-Moslemf

fabric type
colt
forest in mountain
sheep desease
dish type
viceroy ruler (Mong)
silk fabric
osterich
cavalyman
divide divvy
coin
log hut
tree
dervish
unit (paper)
certificate
peasant
alpine pasture
gazelle
jam
bush plant
brave man
tarpan
plant type
saddle support
plant type
wool type
hamster
socks type
die-out
antelope type
divine
sofa
counsel
covered sitting place
good, goodness
uniform (military)
share, part
instrument (music)
musician type
asshole
drinking glass
dessert table
translator
bird type
other
adobe fence
platform
booty
arch
pipe (music)
bird type
dolma
thought (and parliament)
colt
medicine, drug
guitar
blow, winnow
restaurant

       
Cover Page A - D E - M N - T U - Ya

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Indo-European, Arians, Dravidian, and Rigveda
Scythian Ethnic Affiliation
Foundation of the Scythian-Iranian theory
Türkic borrowings in English
Türkic in Romance
Alans in Pyrenees
Türkic in Greek
Türkic-Sumerian
Türkic-Etruscan
Alan Dateline
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04/08/2009

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