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Djagfar Tarihi Contents Djagfar Tarihi Preface Volume 1 Volume 1 Appendix Volume 2 Volume 3

Bakhshi Iman
DJAGFAR TARIHI
(THE ANNALS OF DJAGFAR)
Volume 1

MOKHAMMEDYAR BU-YURGAN
KAZAN TARIHI
(MOKHAMMEDYAR BU-YURGAN
HISTORY OF KAZAN)
1551 AD
Chapters 7 - 11

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Translator's Notes

Page numbers, where shown, indicate pages in the book publication. The offered machine translated copy of the printed edition contains typos and misspellings, for which I apologize and intend to correct them with time. Until then, the posting is representative of the general scope and the detail of the annals. The posted machine translation was the best that was around in 2003. In 2010, Google frequently offers much better translations, it might make sense to return to the Russian original and to make a Google translation of a portion of the text.

The mouse over explanations basically follow the definitions found in the Annals and represent the views of the writers, which may be different from the known or accepted conditions of the present time. They are the best guess and some of them may be infidels because of infidels interpretation of the text by the translator. The translator of the Annals to Russian left a multitude of the Türkisms in his translation, and they are preserved in the English translation, with the mouse over explanations where available. The dates in the chapter headings are added during translation and are imprecise indicators of the period covered.

MOKHAMMEDYAR BU-YURGAN
BU-YURGAN KITABY (KAZAN TARIHY)
Contents

Chapter 1 Relationship of Bulgar and Kypchak during stabilization of the Tatar Khans 200
Chapter 2 Time of Azan 209
Chapter 3 War of four bahadirs 225
Chapter 4 Fall of Azanid rule 230
Chapter 5 Bulgar during Yabyk-Mohammed's and Gabdel-Mumin rule 237
Chapter 6 Reign of Seid-Emir Sain-Yusuf 247
Chapter 7 How Kan Yusuf was killed and Kul-Ashraf enthroned 264
Chapter 8 Beginning of Kul-Ashraf rule 268
Chapter 9 Revolt of Mamet 273
Chapter 10 Ismaildan war and Safa-Garay revolt 276
Chapter 11 How Süümbika served Kan Kul-Ashraf 282

Contents

Chapter 1. How lats almost handed over Kazan to infidels
Chapter 2. How Alash's army crushed Kazan
Chapter 3. Hunting War
Chapter 4. How began and ended the rule of Sheikh-Gali

FRAGMENTS OF TEXTS OF ANNALS OF THE COLLECTION

MOKHAMMEDYAR BU-YURGAN
BU-YURGAN KITABY (KAZAN TARIHY)
(BU-YURGAN BOOK - HISTORY OF KAZAN)
1551

247

Chapter 6. Reign of Seid-Emir Sain-Yusuf

The Kan's (Kağan Gabdel-Mumin) senior son Burash, rather dimwitted and faint-hearted, but a conceited and touchy ruler, with the help of the kazanchis (kazanchis or ulans = median and upper knights) became a new Seid. In 1478, when Gabdel-Mumin had dangerously fallen ill and for some time could not rule the Bulgarian state, the control in Bulgar was taken by his younger son Yusuf Al-Mohammed. He suddenly appeared in the Echke-Kazan with a 4 thousand-strong group of the Amir's cossacks (unarmored cavalry) from Chally, and arrested his senior brother Burash -... the Seid of the Ar il. When the kazanchis got indignant, Yusuf declared that he imoses on the Kazan and Ar provinces a tribute the size of the Djir tribute, for these provinces are responsible that Uruses stopped paying it. A half of that tribute he promised to pay the Nogai Biys for not attacking Cheremshan (Baytüba/Baituba province was renamed Cheremshan province with a center in Djuketau, if the subject is province; location of the city Cheremshan is not clear). Having entered Kazan without a fight, for neither Ibragim, nor the Magistrate did not dare to take a stand against him, Yusuf declared himself a Seid and bestowed on himself an appellation Sain (of Kazan). Then the Kan (Kağan) Gabdel-Mumin recovered, revoked the order of the younger son, and banned him from the Kazan to the Korym-Chally, but the fear of the kazanchis of the Sain-Yusuf arbitrariness has not waned. After the death of the (Kağan) Gabdel-Mumin, at the insistence of the kazanchis, Burash immediately proclaimed himself a Seid-Emir... In 1481 Ak-Mongyt biys attacked Bulgar and besieged the Bak-Arslan, demanding a tribute. Ulugbek Mal-Birde, believing that for the dispersal of the 5 thousand Tatars would suffice his two thousand Bashkorts, struck the robbers in the rear. But behind the first 5 thousand appeared 30 thousand more.
248

The poor Mal-Birde was crushed by these two Nogai alaies (garrison), like a grain kernel crushed by millstones. Alish Naryk, who at that time was in the balik, saw the terrible destruction of the Bashkort Ulugbek, but could help with anything. When it was all over, the Simbir Ulugbek left from the balik with his 500 cossacks (unarmored cavalry), afraid of a second attack... But the Tatars also were shocked by a loss in that slaughter of 6 thousand horsemen. and they turned back, not paying any attention to the empty balik. In memory of his savior, Alish named his son Mal, and transferred balik to the new Bashkort Ulugbek, the Mal-Birde son Said-Ahmed... Burash-Seid, frightened by the arrival of the Nogais, and wishing to vex his brother, ordered to pay the Kytais (Khitans) a tribute at a rate of a third of the Djir tribute at the expense of the Cheremshan. That news sent Sain-Yusuf in a fury. And when he informed about a new tribute his subordinate Beks, the Ishtjak, Agidel, and Bashkort Ulugbeks, they also came to a fury, and after them came to a fury all Cheremshan people. On a wave of the discontent, Sain-Yusuf declared himself a Kan (Kağan) and a Seid-Emir of the Bulgar, and also promised the Nogais to pay the same tribute, but only at the expense of the Kazan and Ar Ils...

In 1482 died the Kazan Ulugbek Ibragim, and Seid Burash installed as a new (Kazan) Ulugbek the Ibragim's son Mohammed-Amin. The other Ibragim's son from another wife, Ilham, was disgruntled with that, and fled to the Korym-Chally to the Seid Sain-Yusuf. Al-Mohammed was kind to the disgraced Khan and married him to the Gabdel-Mumin's daughter Saulya, and then in the winter of 1484 marched with him and the Chally army to the Kazan against Burash. The Chally army of the Amir son Sardar Hamid had 4 thousand cossacks (unarmored cavalry), and Said-Ahmed had 2 thousand Bashkorts. Nevertheless, the grandson of the Daish-sultan, the Tahta son Kul-Mamet did not dare to block the Sain-Yusuf way, and let him through his Djuri to the Kazan, resulting in a panic in the Kazan. Burash with two uterine brothers, the Khans Mohammed-Amin and Gabdel-Latyf fled to the Echke-Kazan, and Sain-Yusuf triumphantly entered Kazan. Ilham was installed as an Ulugbek of the Kazan il. The same year in the spring, Burash with the help of the Ruses restored Mohammed-Amin in Kazan, but in 1485 it was already Sain-Yusuf who ordered Uruses to help him, and installed Ilham in Kazan...

Seid was helped by tazikbash (apparently, City Hall leaders) from the Tümen (City Magistrate, Tümen means representation of 10,000 households), they opened the gate of the city for the kazanchis (kazanchis or ulans = median and upper knights), and those slaughtered the taken by surprise the Amir alai (garrison) of the Chally. The Amir's son Hamid asked the Chally Seid for a permission to avenge the murder of his father, and together with the cossacks (unarmored cavalry), and the militia of the Cheremshan subashes, and the Bashkorts of the Said-Ahmed in 1487 he recaptured Kazan. It was done this way. Several Cheremshans infiltrated the Lower Aidar gates with the Nogai trade caravan, and seized them, and then the whole Cheremshan army broke into the city and staged a massacre of the kazanchis (kazanchis or ulans = median and upper knights)...
249

The Amir's true murderer Kugush managed to gallop off from the city, but his father Yakush, a son of Kaban, fell into the Hamid's hands and was coolly finished off. The Aidar Gate and the road leading from it after that began to be called Subash's Gate, but after the murder of the Sain-Yusuf it was renamed to the Royal Gate...

Al-Mohammed entered Kazan and again installed Ilham as an Ulugbek. Seid-Emir (Burash) was so is indignant of the kazanchis' (kazanchis or ulans = median and upper knights) behavior that he has sworn to take away the kazanchis' land possessions. He declared a transfer of all kazanchis to the category of cossacks (unarmored cavalry), and their kurmyshes (peasant tenants taxed by landlord and not the state) to the categories of chirmyshes and subashes (junior knights eligible to have arms, yeomen with military corvee, bahadirs). Hamid burst from Kazan some sorties, but encountered a universal fierce resistance of the ulans, and reported that to the Seid (Sain-Yusuf). (The Seid) Sain-Yusuf became alarmed, and left to Cheremshan under Said-Ahmed's protection, leaving Hamid (head of the Chally garrison) to help (the Ulugbek) Ilham. Instead of the Said-Ahmed's troops, Seid (Sain-Yusuf) gave Hamid...

 (The Seid-Emir) Burash, in turn, was spooked by the Hamid's activity, and send Mohammed-Amin to Moscow (1487) to conclude a secret alliance with the Balynian (Ivan IV the Young, 1485-1490) and solicit help for the capture of Kazan. The Khan (Seid-Emir Khan Burash) had to do all this openly, as if at his own will and for himself personally, for (the Seid-Emir Khan) Burash was heedful of the open union with the infidels, because of the aversion to them by the majority of the Ar's kazanchis.

In the same year 1487, Mohammed-Amin led to the Kazan a 120 thousand-strong Moscow army, which the Balynian (Ivan IV the Young) furnished in exchange for the (Seid-Emir) Burash's consent to cede to the Moscow the Kolyn (Russ. Khvalynsk, modern Vyatka/Kirov) district of the Nukrat (province), to stop collection of the Djir tribute, and to cancel the Bulgarian merchants' right of duty-free trade in Baly the Mountain side to the Mohammed-Amin joined up to 2 thousand of the Kypchak serving murzas from the Khan part of the Kazan il led by their judge, one of the Shirins, and near Kazan joined up to 5 thousand of the kazanchi men. Hamid had at hand one thousand Cheremshan cossacks (unarmored cavalry), 2 thousand subash (junior knights, bahadirs) militiamen, and 5 thousand Kazan militiamen, and he would fare very badly, if not for the Hadji-Baba grandson, Bairash son Bek Urak, who came to the city. This descendant of Elaur outstripped all other kazanchis, and with the words: It is better for Sain-Yusuf to reign in Kazan, than the Balynian, entered the city with 2 thousand of his people to support Hamid. The Chally's Sardar was superbly encouraged by that, for (the Seid-Emir) Burash pulled out all cannons from the city, and the Bek (Urak) brought to city his three tufangs (cannons)...
250

The fleet of Ike-Imen's son Süngel did not join the melee, it was protecting the mouth of Agidel. Danil's son Auli at the river Zai tried was to block the way to the Rus cavalry, in a belief that Balynian does not have good cavalrymen, but when the Muscovites began fighting our men on an equal footing, he retreated...

After a month of unsuccessful siege, Burash secretly contacted Ilham and persuaded the Khan (Ilham) to flee from the city to his service. Seid-Emir won the tazikbashs (apparently, City Hall leaders) to his side by promising to retain the duty-free trade for the merchants of the Bulgarian state in the Balyn. In the early morning the Kazan Ulugbek with his Murzas handed over the balik gate he was to defend, and the Ruses entered the Akbikul. The Khan (Ilham) hoped for mercy, but under an order of the (Seid-Emir) Burash he was immediately turned over to the Ruses, and together with his wife Saulya taken to Moscow. In the Balyn the pliant Ulugbek was thrown into a prison and died there. The Khan's (Ilham) murzas, numbering 90, were finished off by the Uruses without any clemency.

Urak with Sardar locked up in the Yugary Kerman (main citadel of the Kazan-city on the Bogyltau hill, aka Shahri Gazan) and Buhar Yorty (Bukhara House, a fortified caravan-sarai), and threatened that they will cannonade any attempt by the infidels that penetrated into the baliks to plunder or climb the Bogyltau hill. They agreed to hand over the Shahri Gazan (Yugary Kerman) only to the fairest and impartial Nur-Daulet's son Bahadir, who swore on the Koran to not admit Ruses into the Yugary Kerman. After that both of them, not hiding their hatred to the infidels, left the city...

Mohammed-Amin was again installed as the Ulugbek. Being brought up by his father Ibragim from the childhood in a spirit of the utter devotion to Bulgar, and to Islam that was buttressing the Bulgarian state, he soon run into conflict with Burash about the transfer of Kolyn (Russ. Khvalynsk, modern Vyatka/Kirov) to the Ruses by the Echke-Kazan Seid as a payment for the destruction of 40 thousand infidels at the siege of Kazan in the 1487. When the Ruses came to Kolyn, they found there, among the defenders of the city, Urak with five hundred of his cossacks (unarmored cavalry) and a written instruction by the (Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin to protect of that Bulgarian fortress.

Unfortunately, the Kolynians were quickly exhausted, quarreled, and having believed the false promises of the Ruses not to touch the city in case of Urak's expulsion, forced him to leave the fortress. Urak left the city with the Ganikei's daughter-in-law Mariam and 200 inhabitants that wished to remain under the Bulgar authority. When a Rus commander tried to block his way, demanding to turn the Kolynians over, Urak spat directly on his beard. The Balynian silently wiped it and cleared the way. The Bek without obstructions returned to the Shajmardan, and settled the majority of the Kolyns in the Urdjum and Malmysh. They were building him the excellent ships and cast small cannons. With their help he restored the disturbed secret trade in iron and gunpowder with Djuketun through the Kolyn (Russ. Khvalynsk, modern Vyatka/Kirov), which Moscow commanders were bought very easily and cheaply. The cannon master Mamli Bulat's son Biktimer sheltered Mariam with her son Pan. He and Mariam also had common children: son Budit and daughter Nafisa. And from his senior wife the master (Biktimer) had son Baigara, and Baigara had son Djoha. Biktimer trained Baigara, Djoha, and Budita in the cannon craft, and three of them made for Kazan three huge cannons. One of them was insalled at the Ar's Gate, another at the Seid Court, and a third at the Mir-Gali Gate ...
251

The Balyn commander, offended by Urak, complained on the Bek to the Ulubiy (Mohammed-Amin). And that complained to Burash, and Seid (Seid-Emir Khan Burash) harbored discontent against Mohammed-Amin and his Ar allies. The last, especially the Urak's father Bairash, he tormented with a service in the Shir (Don) fields. The Moscow (Ivan IV the Young) then was threatened by Kytais, and the Balynian (Ivan IV the Young) has entreated Burash to help him to beat off the attacks of the New Nogais. The Seid (Seid-Emir Khan Burash) had never been in the Shir fields, but he wrote to the Moscow that he was continuously fighting there for his (Muskovite) ally. And in the archive of my brother I saw a letter to the (Seid-Emir) Burash from the Balynian (Ivan IV the Young) expressing gratitude for his campaigns in the field. Actually, to the Shir was repeatedly sent Bek Bairash, and in 1491 he subjugated Nogais and annexed Saksin to the Bulgarian state, including both Sarais (Sarai Berke = Old Sarai = Sarai Batu = Sarai Berke = Sarai-al-Maqrus, 47.1N. 47.5E, and Sarai-al-Djadid/Sarai-al-Jadid, supposedly 48.7N 45.4E, which may be the coordinates of the Gulistan-city). From there, to Kazan began being brought excellent bricks...

And he (Bairash) was about seventy, and he could refuse (the assignments), but a fear of accusations of cowardice and laziness forced him to depart for the difficult tasks. Eventually, he so was exhausted that he died to the pleasure of the (Seid-Emir) Burash. The Urak's disdain for the death of his father the Seid manuevered to direct against the Ulugbek (Mohammed-Amin), asserting that Mohammed-Amin had to send kazanchis to the field because of his own unwillingness to serve. Actually, (Seid-Emir) Burash himself was entreating the Khan (Ulugbek Mohammed-Amin) not go to Shir (Don) because of the threats of the enemy attacks on Kazan. The situation ended up that the embittered kazanchis completely refused to support Mohammed-Amin, and when the Korym-Chally-the subordinated Sebers (the form Seber is known from the history of the Danube Bulgaria, it was one of the leading tribes affected by the Boris [852-907] coup; the form Seber is suspiciously close to Suvar/Subar/Savir and Serb), and the Kypchaks of the Uzbek Khan Mamyk (Muhammad Shayabak Khan Uzbek aka Abul-Fath Shaybani Khan, ca. 14511510) began attacking Kazan, Burash had to ask for the Rus troops to defend Kazan. The (Uzbek Khan) Mamyk was serving (the kicked out from Kazan Bulgarian Kan-Kağan) Sain-Yusuf, ten years after the capture of Ilham the Uzbek Khan Mamyk expelled Mohammed-Amin from the Kazan, and Al-Mohammed appointed Khan Mamyk an Ulugbek of the two western provinces, the Kazan and the Ar provinces. Also Yusuf (Kan-Kağan Sain-Yusuf) immediately ordered Mamyk to take the Echke-Kazan and to finish off with the kazanchis. In truth, one Seid was worth the other! Urak, who was despising the most of the Echke-Kazanians and (Seid-Emir) Burash, immediately come to their aid as fellow kazanchis, and totally defeated Mamyk. The Khan () in a panic fled from Kazan, and (Seid-Emir) Burash, who seized the city again, installed Gabdel-Latyf, a brother of Mohammed-Amin, as a new Ulugbek, counting upon his complete obedience...

The title Kan-Kağan is taken in quotation marks because Kan-Kağan is an elected position, and can't be assumed by pulling off a feat. One can't become a Kan-Kağan any more than a self-proclaimed Catholic Papa, an Orthodox Patriarch, or a Moslem Caliph. The self-proclaimed Presidents, Kans, or Kağans must be held in literal and symbolic quotations.

Who was the Uzbek Khan Mamyk? Time wise Muhammad Shayabak Khan Uzbek aka Abul-Fath Shaybani Khan, ca. 14511510, is a suitable candidate, but the Shaybani Khan taking orders from the self-proclaimed Kan-Kağan Sain-Yusuf is beyond incredulous.

Gabdel-Latyf enclosed with a new strong wall the Kuraish balik and Tashayak uram, separated them by paling, and placed in a large village the Danil's grandson, the Auli's son Utyash, and in the uram he placed a Rus platoon. For the residence of the Balyns he built in the uram a large house for one and a half thousand men. When Yusuf sent again to Kazan his mercenaries, this time the White Nogais, these fortifications were helpful. Kytais broke through to the Kuraish balik, and Utyash barely managed to withstand in the mosque Otuz. After that the people began also calling the mosque Utyashian, and the Bek (Utyash) donated it large sums...
252

Muhammad Shayabak Khan Uzbek (Persian: شایبک خان ازبک‎, Uzbek: Muhammad ... 1451 2 December 1510), was an Uzbek Khan who consolidated various ...
Manshyk and Mamyk (they all are Orazgeldy's sons); my direct ancestors go from Mamuk. .... ago from a rural area bordering with Uzbekistan in southern KAzakhstan. ..... sheshiresi [Genealogy of Turks, Kyrgyz-KAzakhs and khan dynasties].

The Ak-Mongyts expected to take the whole balik at once, but what was their amazement when they come across the palings Tashayak uram! The Ruses fitted ladders and a logs o the fencing, climebed over, and with growls jumped on the on Kypchaks. Those, afraid to fall between the Balyns and Utyash, fled in panic. The Ruses numbered 5 thousand, and each of them later boasted that he finished off not less than three Nogais...

The people living near large tracks were grumbling about plundering transits of the alien armies, but nothing could be done there: Bulgars of both Seids did not want to fight each other. That was the custom of Talib, which were seldom violated...

However, Gabdel-Mumin (the new Ulugbek Gabdel-Latyf?) also was not up to the (Seid-Emir) Burash liking, and to his main supporter, the Tahta's son Bek Kul-Mamet. The Ulugbek very soon realized that without a permission from Chally he would not remain in Kazan for long, and entered into secret negotiations with Yusuf (Kan-Kağan Sain-Yusuf). Burash learned about it from Kul-Mamet, and wanted to replace Gabdel-Latyf with some Astarhan (modern Artrakhan) Khan, but Urak forced him to appoint Mohammed-Amin as an Ulugbek. Seid believed that the exile made the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) more compliant, but he miscalculated.

In 1501 the (Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin entered Kazan. Urak rendered him real Kan's (royal) honors, which jarred on and alarmed (Seid-Emir) Burash. Seid was also alarmed that the Ulugbek (Mohammed-Amin) rescued from the Moscow exile the Ilham's wife Saulya, the daughter of (the late Kağan) Gabdel-Mumin. The mother of Saulya-bika was an aunt of the Shakh Babur, a daughter of Djagatai (Chagatai) Emir from an Uzbeks concubine Güldjihan.

From her Mohammed-Amin in 1502 had a son Mohammedyar, also known under a name Bu-Yurgan... When I visited the Shakh Babur, I reminded him of our kinship. In response he embraced me and told me to call him uncle, at once dispelling the rumors of his usual sternness... He endorsed my verses, and one gazelle about my wanderings far from my native Kazan, which I have written under the influence of the sheikh Kamal, and the poetic letter of the father to my brother Gabdel-Latyf The force of kinship caused tears in his eyes...
253

Very soon (Tahta's son Bek) Kul-Mamet informed (Seid-Emir) Burash on the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) swearing a secret oath of loyalty to the (Kan-Kağan) Sain-Yusuf. Seid (Burash) summoned the Kazan Ulugbek (Mohammed-Amin) to the New Royal mosque called Al-Mohammed, and reproached him in a treason. The (Kazan Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin asked Seid (Burash), who told him about it, but Seid refused to name the informer. Then on the next day Khan (Mohammed-Amin) surrounded the Seid Court with Urak people and again demanded an answer. Urak and his cossacks were famous for abscence of pity to the enemies and a fear of death, and in addition the Ulugbek (Mohammed-Amin) received a sanction of the Yusuf (Kan-Kağan Sain-Yusuf) to arrest the rebellious brother, therefore Seid (Burash) decided not to test the fate, and named Kul-Mamet. Since his possession were in the Kazan il, the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) immediately marched to Djuri and with the Urak's help seized the Bek (Kul-Mamet). But when Mohammed-Amin sentenced the informer to death, nobody wanted to be an executioner of the noble elder. And only Kugush cold-bloodedly snipped off the Kul-Mamet head from the wicked body, for which he received Djuri and half of the possession of the executed man. Kul-Mamet's son Shehid-Ulan established the New Djuri, and old, Kugushian city, began to be called Iske Djuri or Iske Yort...

The frightened Echke-Kazan Seid (Burash) came to the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) and declared that from now on he would help him, instead of obstructing him...

The Ar Ulugbek, Bahadir's son Sadir and Urak, left alone with the Kazan Ulugbek, told him: We decided that Burash may beuseful for both ils justify our repulse of the Seid Yusuf's petty tyrany. We will subordinate to Yusuf only superficially, and shall run our own affairs. The (Kazan Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin agreed with them and sent Saulya-hatyn to the Seid (Yusuf) with a letter saying: My Great Kan Yusuf al-Mohammed! Recognizing you as the only ruler of the Ak Bulgar Yorty, and renewing the payment of the tribute to you, your slave I leave for myself only the leadership in the Khan parts of the Kazan il that you entrusted to me. I do not wish to interfere with the affairs of the Tarhan parts of the Kazan and Ar ils, for that will worsen the already shaky situation there of your true slave, the Ulugbek Sadir. Saulya-hatyn managed to persuade her brother, who of all the people was respecting only her, to leave her husband and the Ar il in the present state of affairs. At that, Seid declared: It is better to have in Kazan a strong son-in-law than some scoundrel!

 It turned out soon that Kul-Mamet managed to have warned the Balynian about the Mohammed-Amin's switch into the service to Seid Yusuf, for a message from the Moscow Ulubiy (likely the Great Prince Ivan III of Moscow) came in. The excited Balynian suggested to Burash to take measures against the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) and to let pass to the Astarhan and Persia a caravan of the Rus merchants, as he (Seid Burash) promised earlier. (Seid) Burash immediately showed the letter to Mohammed-Amin. Though he seldom was losing self-control, the Ulugbek (Mohammed-Amin) come to a raging fury and declared to him (Seid Burash): You completely humiliated before the Uruses out of fear of the Seid (Yusuf), and the pity infidel (Moscow) Ulubiy (either the Great Prince Ivan III of Moscow, or Moscow Prince Dmitry VI the Grandson, or Moscow Prince Vasily), to whom in my il I would not entrust even an aul, started taking Bulgar for his volost (the Russian form of the word ulus). But I shall put an end to that! At that time (1504) arrived the Rus caravan with a Moscow ambassador Iban (Ivan). The infidels, without stepping out from the vessels, demanded their unobstructed passage to Astarhan and Persia. In response, the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) ordered Süngil to block the Kara-Idel and to seize Iban...
254

The ambassador began calling his people to his aid, and 13 thousand Rus soldiers, who were pretending to be merchants, disembarked and attacked cossacks. The cossacks retreated to the Tashayak uram, but the merchants also broke into it. A Kuraish's grandson, Kadysh's son Bek Agish barely had time to cross Bulak, with tied-up Iban and his people, as the fake merchants seized uram. That exasperated the townspeople, who gathered to the noise, and numbering 15 thousand broke into the Tashayak uram and besieged infidels in the Urus Yorty. When in response to an offer to give up the malefactors refused, the crowd went into a complete frenzy and set fire to the house. The arrived in time Agish managed to save the real traders, but the other infidels burned down.

Outraged with Iban as the reason for the melee, the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) ordered to chain the ambassador and his people, instead of a horse, to the wheel of the water-lifting machine in the Su-Manara.

Then Seid Yusuf ordered Mohammed-Amin to punish the infidels for the attack on Nukrat, and gave him an Abalak's grandson, Mamli's son Dauli Tuba, the Ishtyak Ulugbek, and 20 thousand hired Ak-Mongyts and Nogais. The Khan (Mohammed-Amin) did not want it, but could do nothing, and he marched to the Djun-Kala (modern Nijni Novgorod). Encouraged by the cannons of Biktimer, in a daring and uncontrollable attack the Ishtyaks and Seber-Bilems of the Tuba seized Lachyk-Uba (uba or oba, with the same phonetic and semantical meaning as the word habitat, from abï-, abït-, juban, uban = conceal, hide), and then ensured the capture of the Djun-Kala suburbs. The Kytais did nothing for the capture of these cities, but still demanded their share of the booty. That provoked the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) to a terrible fury, and he declared that the Tatars alone can take the Djun-Kala citadel and everything that is in it. Our men did not want to take citadel, for there was nothing but the excrements of its defenders, but the Kytais eagerly climbed the high walls of the kerman (citadel, hence the Russian form Kreml of the word). However, Tatars did not know how to take cities, and Uruses quickly beaten them off. In the action was killed their Biy. After that 3 thousand of the Old or Black Nogais, also called Bulgarian Badjanaks, switched to the service to the Khan (Mohammed-Amin), and the Kytais, furious with the failure, attacked our men. In the end, Biktimer beaten them off with several shots from his cannons, but some Tuba people in the melee were killed by the Kytais. The Ulugbek (Mohammed-Amin), with his hatred toward Tatars, did not want to leave that unpunished. He followed the Ak-Mongyts, who decided to return to the steppe, and when they stopped for a rest, attacked the sleeping Tatars and slaughtered all of them to the last...

Elsewhere, the Rus Knyaz is called Bek, but the last paragraph refers to Ulugbek (Ulubiy), which could supposedly reflect the title Velikiy Knyaz, in Türkic Ulug Bek, in English Great Knyaz or Great Prince, the title graphically depicted in Arabic script identically with Ulugbek. If the Rus Ulugbek is the Ulug Bek, the Ulug Bek of the Rus in the period of 1498-1502 was Dmitry VI the Grandson, following John IV the Young (1485-1490) and preceding Vasily VI (1502-1533).

However, the story tells that the Ulugbek/Ulubiy sent to capture Kazan and Bulgaria was a brother Idjim-Türya of the Moscow Knyaz. The Rus campaign of the 1505 against Kazan and Bulgaria, unnamed in the Rus sources and called Mower War in the Bulgarian annals, took place during the reign of the Great Prince Ivan III the Great, 1462-1505, his last brother Andrey the Large, nicknamed Goryai (not Türyai), died in 1493. The kinship and personality of Ulugbek/Ulubiy Idjim-Türya, definitely a Commander in Chief and possibly a Moscow Prime Minister (Ulugbek/Ulubiy) is unclear.

The next year (1505) already Moscow Ulubiy sent a 100 thousand-strong army to Kazan with intention to win the State and
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And BaGsh, aT LOJ IK -> ' ³SKOJ l beurbata

Also began to wait there arrival Ruses konni-Musoj-on Sarychin which named as well

Though at Ulugbek there was an instruction to not touch Khan Kasima,

'         3 M - Ata'lyk kTch^Llana

. Sent Cheremshan cossacks were headed by grandson Mumin,
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3 descendants Mahmuda ibn

A Musafir's son Gali-Gazi, the 60-years old Laish Tarhan, was serving Sain-Yusuf from the very beginning, and headed all raids of the Seid's armies on Kazan. This time Seid (Kan-Kağan Sain-Yusuf) charged Gali-Gazi with heading the whole Bulgarian army. Tarhan told the Khan (Kan-Kağan Sain-Yusuf) at a meeting that he came to revenge the Uruses for the destruction of a third of his ancestor Mamai's alai (garrison) in a battle at at the city Helek (Oka-Don interfluve watershed in modern Tula province, ca. 53.5N 38.6E). But since the respectable Sardar after a fast race to the Kazan felt poorly, the general command of the troops was run by (Kazan Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin, and the Cheremshans were headed by the Yar-Chally Inal Fazyl or Vasyl. The Inal was a descendant of Asyl from the line of his son Alai. Alai had son Gali-Djura, Gali-Djura had son Enikei who captured Anbal, Enikei had son Kurchak, Kurchaka had son Gabdel-Halik, who was a father of Vasyl. All of them were Inalas of the Yar Chally and protected the territory from the Djuketau to the Ik and from Agidel to Cheremshan.

But Inal too, although he did not utter beautiful phrases, did not disappoint the Khan (Mohammed-Amin)...

Understanding that without Simbirians to withstand a clash with the excellent Rus cavalry (and where the Rus would get the excellent cavalry if not for the splinter Kasim Kingdom or Türkic nomadic mercenaries?) would hardly be possible, Mohammed-Amin ordered to stage for the infidels a trap on the Ar field in a form of a djien fair. He did not spare for the purpose neither tents, nor rags, no carts with huge jugs of wine, which were brought to the Archa Kyry. By the Khan's (Mohammed-Amin) plan, our people had to lure the enemy into the camp, where most likely they will turn to robbery, and would suddenly get under a simultaneous strike by the Kazan alai (garrison) and a squadron hidden in Ar wood. Vasyl agreed to go with the Cheremshans to the forest ambush behind the Ar field, and in the city were ready Urak, and Utyash. For the protection of the camp the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) dispatched 2 thousand of the Kukdjak (river Kokshaga, 56.1N 47.5E) and Batlik (river Vetluga, 56.3N 46.5E) Ars-Chirmyshes (Mari lightly armed warrior of the third line), and also 5 thousand of Kypchak mercenaries led by Agish, and in case of infidel attack ordered Agish to promise his people all the property of the camp for a victory over the Ruses. A judge Bulat Shirin of the hired Türks (Oguzes?), which Mohammed-Amin did not like, had to protect the road from Bish-Balta to the Ar field. Afraid of a worse, this Bek went to the Mir-Gali mosque and after offering a pray promised to name his son Mir-Gali and to donate to the mosque a half of his wealth in case of a happy ending of the affair. So also did many other kazanchis...

About the true purpose of organizing djien maidan knew only the Khan (Mohammed-Amin), Vasyl, Utyash, Urak and Agish, and the concerned Burash noted to the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) about unreasonableness of celebrating djien under a threat of a Rus attack. On that, Mohammed-Amin curtly noted to the Seid (Burash): Djien is more precious than a victory.
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When everything was ready, the 70 thousand-strong Rus cavalry (probably Kasim Tatars in the Rus lingo) approached and joined with (Rus Ulugbek) Idjim-Türya. The Ulubiy ( Idjim-Türya, tentatively some kind of brother of Ivan III the Great, 1462-1505, who after events of 1487 took a title "Prince or Tsar of Bulgaria) sent to the city 85 thousand riders (probably Kasim Tatars in the Rus lingo) and infantry, but remained on the ship with 5 thousand infantrymen. Bulat-Shirin went out towards the infidels with one thousand men, but after several sable strikes fled in fear (the Scythian manuevre) to the Ar field. A huge enemy crowd led by Kurbat (namesake of Kurbat of Great Bukgaria, 630-668) and Balysh raced after him into the camp and inflicted there a cruel slaughter. All Ar's chirmyshes and 4 thousand Black Nogais and Tatars were felled, Bulat lost half of his people. Agish and Bulat with the rest of the regiment covered in the (Kazan) city, and the Ruses took possession of the camp. As the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) expected, infidels immediately began plundering and reveling, and Balyshkai could lead on only few of them to storm the Ar wall. Biktimer struck them from almost all cannons of the fortress, and fell enemies level with the ground floor of the tower. At last the Khan (Mohammed-Amin), seeing a slacking in the push of the storming, and departure of many for the plundering of the camp, raised above the Ar tower on a staff a green banner of Ashrafids with a silver half moon. At the signal, Vasyl and Urak with Utyash simultaneously attacked the camp on two sides. The drunk enemies were seized with fear and with awful cries they raced to run in different directions, without seeing the road. Then above the Elbegen tower was raised the red banner of the Kazan il, with flattering bands under a sphere of the staff, and at the signal from the Royal woods to the Goat field rode out the Arslan grandson, Urazmet son Sadir with 3 thousand of the Alat (river Alat, town Alat, 56.2N 49.2E) kazanchis and murzas. While Vasyl, Urak and Utyash crushed the infidels on Ar field, Sadir trampled down those enemies who managed to cross to the the right bank of the Kazan-su...

 On the Ar field and in pursuit were killed 50 thousand Balynians, 10 thousand more Ruses drowned in the Kaban-Kül, Kazan-su, Kara-Idel and Bulak, and 20 thousand were taken in a captivity during the battle...

The Bek Kurbat (association with Khan Kurbat of Bulgaria hints to non-Tatar origin of the Bek Kurbat, but the Bulgarian splinters that integrated into the early Rus) was cut in two by Utyash inside the camp, and under Balyshkai a cannon ball killed a horse, and he was crushed by his own people near the Korym Gate (Korym = Crimean). Three thousand Ruses entrenched in the Tashayak uram, they hastily built a bulwark from carts and logs from cannibalized houses. Only 2 thousand infidels managed to reach the Idjim-Türya vessels and be saved. The Uluby (Ivan III's brother Idjim-Türya), not trusting their story about utter destruction of the whole army, for three days waited for the soldiers, but not having incurred anybody, in horror sailed to Balyn with 7 thousand survivors. We lost in that action 14 thousand people, of them 4500 Cheremshanians, 2 thousand Sadir's people, one thousand cossacks of Urak and Utyash, and 6500 defenders of the camp. In view of the large losses, the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) forbade to storm Tashayak uram and ordered Sheini-bek to badger the Ruses there to surrender. He refused, and was immediately executed. Then Iban was ordered to do that. The ambassador, exhausted by rotating the wheel, gladly agreed to execute the assignment in exchange for his life... The Ruses, on hearing from his lips the Mohammed-Amin promise to spare them, have surrendered...
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People named that battle Mower for it went on during haymaking season, and there the bahadir sabers mowed down enemies like grass...

In its memory, (Kazan Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin adopted the name Idjim of the Ulubiy defeated by him . When a brother of Idjim-Türya learned about his defeat and the destruction of his whole Moscow cavalry, in a fury he seized Idjim-Türya and his favorite, a Tatar Djilki, and severely tormented and tortured them. Djilki could not bear the torture and died (Ivan III the Great was severely debilitated the last 5 years of his life, the factual ruler was one of the pretenders for succession, vaguely named a brother of Idjim-Türya)...

Ambassador Iban shared with Mohammed-Amin about aspiration of the Moscow Ulubiys to conquer the Bulgarian state and to eradicate the Bulgarian people, and the angry Khan (Mohammed-Amin) decided to finish with the Balyn rulers and to partition their possessions together with Crimea and Artan (Lithuania). Mohammed-Amin conceived to transfer the Kypchak part of the Balyn, the Moscow, to the Crimean Khans, who declared themselves to be the successors of the Kypchak Khans, the Galidj part to the Artan (Lithuania), and return to our Bulgarian state everything east of Moscow, as illegally seized by the infidels from the Bulgar. Sain-Yusuf allowed the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) to act according to his plan, and Mohammed-Amin immediately sent ambassadors to Crimea and Artan. With the suggestions of the Kazan Ulugbek went Utyash and Shehid-Ulan. And the Crimean Khan told our ambassadors: My people formed from the mixture of Bulgars, Turkmens, and Kypchaks, and therefore I shall willingly help the Bulgarian state, but only together with the Artan. The matter was that the Crimean Khan did not trust the Artanians (Lithuania) and was cautious of their strike in the back, therefore he was trying to involve them in this enterprise for his own safety...

The Artan (Lithuanian) Emir agreed to attack after a month, and not without a pride informed the ambassadors that his Ukrainian Ruses are descendants of the Ulchians, Saklans, and Bulgars, and also that besides that in his military service serve forty Bulgarian Beks with 40 thousand soldiers....

Utyash there betrothed to the Seid (Sain-Yusuf) one Artan Bika by a name Mapdjan and brought her to Sain-Yusuf. The next year she bore to Al-Mohammed a son Yadkar, who also named himself Kul-Ashraf, and received a nickname Artan...

However, the Artan (Lithuania) Emir failed to act in due time, because of resistance by some bribed by Moscow Beks, and when he finally advanced, for the Bulgarian state arose some difficulties in the Astarhan and on the Djaik. There, the Saksin Bulgars of Kuchak-Ulan completely absolutely for no reason attacked the New Astarhan, where hid Kasim. However, the Saksin Bulgars, who once fled from the Old Astarhan in search for safety from the Tatars, and who received a nickname after the name of the Kumuh (modern form of the word is Kumyk) district, fell into an ambush and were defeated. Encouraged by the success, Kasim accepted an offer of the Ak-Mongyt Ulubiys to attack jointly Kuchak-Ulan and head on the Astarhan with the Kytaias. Ulugbek and Musa tried to rebuff the attack, but were defeated. In that action Musa was killed, and Kuchak-Ulan was taken prisoner. Mal-Naryk had to flee from the Astarhan together with the Musa son Nuh (Noah) nicknamed Atalyk. After that, Kasim together with Mongyts ravaged the Kumyk Bulgars and our Djurashes (Djurash = Dobrudja)...
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Kytais again found confidence and began threatening Bulgarian state with a war. Their movement to Chalap-Kerman forced my father to hastily send there almost all Kazan cossacks and murzas. In such conditions, Seid (Sain-Yusuf) ordered to postpone a campaign against Moscow, conditioned on the renewal of Djir tribute payments and a retrn by the Balyn of the innate Bulgarian lands once illegally seized by the Balyns with help of the Kypchak (Khanate). The infidel Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) immediately agreed to conclude with Bulgar an everlasting peace, to begin payment of the tribute, and to return the Bulgarian lands from the Sura-su (modern r. Sura in Chuvashia) and Batlik (river Vetluga) to Djun-Kala (modern Nijni Novgorod). And these lands and the local Bulgars the other Bulgars call Modjar or Mishar, for in the beginning there lived a part of Modjars, who spit from the Shir Modjars after a Khazar raid. Yet, returning them actually was not needed, for the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) seized them during a campaign on Djun-Kala...

There is a testimony of an outstanding ethnically Mishar scientist that Mishars are descendents of the originally Hun tribe. The value of such folk memory should not be taken lightly, a good example are the part of the Persians that keep the memory of their Arian (linguistically IE) origin for 3,500 years, and another part of the Persians that keep the memory of their Parthian (linguistically Türkic) origin for 2,200 years.

When the peace with Balyn was concluded, the pleased Kan (Kan-Kağan Sain-Yusuf) took to himself a designation Balyn Hudja (Hodja) and ordered (Kazan Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin to release to the Rus the ambassador Iban and the Ruses captured in the Tashayak uram. And about the members of the embassy and those Rus merchants who participated in the attack on the Tashayak uram, the Kan (Kan-Kağan Sain-Yusuf) noted: They wanted to get to the Astarhan and Persia, so sell them there. And they were sold to the merchants from these countries... The (Kazan Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin, in respect to his share of the Balyn's captured soldiers, allowed in case of their acceptance of Islam to join the subash category of the Kara-Muslims, that is the new converts. The other captured who decided to retain their faith, the Khan (Mohammed-Amin) assigned to the kara-chirmyshes grade...

And the Almighty granted (Kazan Ulugbek) Mohammed-Amin love to the Bulgar land, wisdom and fortune in war, due to that his worldly activity was fruitful and our Bulgarian state enjoyed peace and prospered for a long time. Even Yusuf could not fail to recognize that, and granted Mohammed-Amin, following Ilham, a title Emir of the Seids' brothers and children...
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But when I turned 13 years old, a terrible illness struck my father. And the illness was aggravated by the fact that Khan, againsthis will, sent me with an embassy to the Persia, where I stayed for 25 years and where I began writing the Kazan history from memory. Due to the father and aunt, there I did not need anything, and enjoyed a special favor of the Shakh and the wisest of his court...

Süümbika helped me to return, and I arrived to my native Shahri Bulgar under a name Bu-Yurgan, with a thousand bundles of the collected books and without a single coin in my belt. Yusuf's daughter Zuleiha with a fire of her love warmed my soul, which cooled down on foreign land, and with a purchase of all my library enabled me to live comfortably and independently. She also obtained a sanction to allocate me a small possession in the Khan part of the Kazan il, where Irested with pleasure from the worldly affairs put and was finishing my history...

Finally, Süümbika returned to me my library as gift, and I donated it to the Kazan house of sciences Mohammed-Alamiya, where I once studied. I turned over the the collection to the imam-hatyb Sheikh-Kasim with the words: I entrust to you a thousand of my wives and daughters. And I called wives the books of the great storytellers of the Islamic world, and I called daughters my own compositions. The Sheikh-Kasim has forgiven me my liberty, for at the sight of the great works his eyes bulged, his hands begun to shake, and everything else in the world lost any sense for him...

And I think now that my exile happened under a pressure of theSeid Yusuf, who was apprehensive of power transfer from my father into my hands. Because as a Kazan Ulugbek, I could also pretend for the power over the whole country, for I was Ashrafid by the mother line. By the virtue of my high origin, all my life I was suspected of aspiring to power, though I was completely indifferent to it, like Yurgan. The loss of the opportunity to gain powerat did not afflict me at all, but I was offended that it happened not at my will. From the disappointment I then gave a vow of chastity, and did it wrongly, for I afflicted my father still more. Because when he informed me on the necessity of departure for Persia, I saw that it was very hard for him, and he deeply feels his and my humiliation. My poor father! He had to die without seeing me, his son. My poor mother! Not bearing a cruel separation with me, she expired soon after my father...

Still in 1482 my father made a hadj (hajj), and all his life after that he held the title of hadji above all secular titles. I did the hadj (hajj) during stay in Persia, and everywhere I met with people speaking with respect about my father and about our Bulgarian state. And that strongly consoled me on the foreign land...
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Father wanted to return from the hadj via Khoresm, but the Persian Shah (between 1466 and 1502 Persia did not have any Shahs, or had too many of them) did not allow him, for he was apprehensive of the Turkmen tribes leaving with him. As I later found out, the fear was aroused by the message of Gabdel-Mumin to them, where he invited them to relocate to their native land in the Bulgarian province Astarhan and switch to the Bulgar service...

The Rum sultan (Beyazid II, 1481-1512) was offering the father to head the Crimea, which Khans after proclamation of the Ulug-Bulgar Khanlyk (Khanate) in 1437 hastily renamed Bagcha Bolgar to Bagcha Sarai (modern Bakhchisarai). The father, however, refused, and in the Crimea he met the warmest reception and received the Crimean help in taking the post of the Kazan Ulugbek...

Before his death my father transferred half of his wealth to the brotherhood El-Hum, and I, after returning, did the same, and was elected by the brothers to be their Sardar (Commander-in-Chief)...

My uncle did not outlive my father, although he was younger. He had to stay in service to Moscow, for Ulubiy did not let him go. Having learned that Mohammed-Amin wants to install his brother to succeed as a Kazan Ulugbek, the evildoer Balynian poisoned him. My father was so shocked by that that after that his health began to worsen even faster, and very soon he left the earthly world...

Instead of my father, Sain-Yusuf decided to appoint the Kypchak Khan Shakh-Gali, who was serving to Moscow in the Khan-Kerman, hoping with his help to join to the Bulgarian state his possession. In 1519 Shakh-Gali arrived to Kazan, and was crowned by the Seid with a precious cap of the Kazan Ulugbeks. With him, Yusuf invited to the il three thousand Khan-Kerman's Kypchak Beks, expecting to seduce them with a service to himself, and then with their help to take possession of the Khan-Kerman...

However, along with preparation of that, Seid again engaged in oppression of the kazanchis. Having violated the laws of Yabyk-Mohammed that gave Kazan and Ar ils autonomy in their internal affairs, Sain-Yusuf began to personally manipulate the kazanchis' possessions. He ordered to seize estates of several tens of the kazanchis, and to throw in zindan (jail) and execute those who resisted. So were killed the Yakush son Kugush, Urazmet son Sadir, and some others. Their possessions were reduced or confiscated and handed to the Chally cossacks. The will of the Seid was executed, and with extraordinary eagerness, by Shakh-Gali, which earned him the greatest hatred of the kazanchis. Feeling apprehensive that soon will be their turn, the Ar ulans decided to hide again under the power of the hostile to the Chally Ashrafid. Burash passed away still in the 1508, and the kazanchis of the Ar and Kazan ils persuaded his son Mansur to head them. In 1521 Emir Mansur declared himself an Ar and Kazan Seid and the kazanchis everywhere rose against Shakh-Gali. Before that, Seid Yusuf, feeling a threat of a mutiny, asked the Moscow Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) to send one thousand soldiers, ostensibly to protect the Ruses fishermen in the Bulgarian possessions. Actually, nobody threatened the Balyn fishermen, and Seid intended, in case of kazanchis' revolt against his authority, to involve the infidels in the internecine war on his side. That undertaking was successful only partly.
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A few times Uruses participated in a capture of the dissatisfied ulans...

When the kazanchi regiment, headed by Sadir's son Said and Kugush's son Ulan, come nearer to Kazan, they were met by the Mal-Birde's son Said-Ahmed with 2 thousand of his Bashkorts and 3 thousand of Khan-Kerman Kypchaks. Sardar Seids alai (garrison) Kazan Mal-Bir-de. But right at the beginning of the fight the respectable Said-Ahmed was killed by an arrow, and Bashkorts fled from the battlefield. Kazanchis trampled the Khan-Kerman Tatars, and with a help of the tazikbashes (apparently, City Hall troops), broke into Kazan. The Rus soldiers locked up in the yard of the Moscow ambassador in the Kara-Muslim balik, and tried to repulse, but the Bek Said forced the old Biktimer to drag over a cannon and with its cannon balls broke the palisade. The Balyns tried to save themselves by flight, but were all clobbered. The Kazanchis wanted to dispatch after them... the Moscow ambassador Idjim-Türya also, but there even Mansur interfered and did not allow a senseless murder. The Echke-Kazan Seid did not touch Shakh-Gali and together with Idjim-Türya let him off to Moscow. By that the Emir wanted to paint himself an adherent of the Bulgarian custom not to spill the blood of the ambassadors and to prevent Moscow participation on the side of the Seid. However, the Balyn Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) came to a fury about the destruction of his troops. He accused Idjim-Türya in that, and terribly tortured him to death. But when Mansur sent him 300 fine Turkmens horses in full furniture with apologies for the murder of the Rus soldiers, the greedy Balynian reconciled with Emir. However under pressure of the Ar's kazanchis, headed by the Bahadir's son Djurash-Sadir, Mansur was forced to appoint as a Kazan Ulugbek a Crimean Khan Sahib-Garai, an enemy of Moscow, and the Balynian (Vasily III, 1505-1533) again switched over to the side of the Chally Seid-Emir. In the same year, the Rus army crossed the border and seized Modjar, and simultaneously Mansur received an appeal of the Crimean Khan to jointly crush Moscow, as was suggested still by Mohammed-Amin...
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Sahib-Garai, skillful in intrigues, but completely helpless in the war, in the same 1521 raided Seber~Kala and wanted to return to Kazan from there. Seeing the timidity of the Ulugbek, Said and Ulan on their own with enthusiastically led 6 thousand-strong kazanchi cavalry and 4 thousand-strong Kazan troop to a victory. They were also joined by 2 thousand Simbir horsemen. The garrisons of the Rus fortresses were in horror abandoning them at the first news about approach of the Bulgarian armies, therefore Said and Ulan without fight took Djun-Kala (modern Nijni Novgorod), Bulymer (modern Vladimir) and all other Urus cities on their way, and joined with the Crimean cavalry at the Moscow...

The fire in the Moscow suburbs prevented our forces to take the Moscow fortress straight off, and when fire subsided, came an order from Mansur to immediately return to Kazan. It turned out that the Echke-Kazan Seid was apprehensive of a Sain-Yusuf strike... So, the Bulgarian state could not take advantage of the fruits of its victory...

Then Sain-Yusuf recollected of me, and purported to install me as a Kazan Ulugbek instead of the Crimean (Sahib-Garai). Upon receiving a news about it, I rejoiced, for I was completely exhausted in Azerbaijan, where my only duty was to be present at the Shah's (Ismail I, 14871524) receptions in the capacity of the Bulgarian shahzade (Shah's son) Sheikh-Gali to afford them greater importance. But my aunty, a participant in the overthrow of the Shakh-Gali, and certainly Mansur, were against my returning to Bulgar. The aunty wrote to me directly about it, asserting that if I would not obey her, I will be killed in Kazan, as a favorite of the Seid. Soon afterwards, I suddenly received rich gifts from the Crimean Khan, obviously sent to me on her advice, and I realized what really disturbed her...

Besides that Mansur, apprehensive of my unauthorized return, sent the Shah (Ismail I, 14871524) cannons he needed, together with Biktimer's son Baigara and only asked him in return not to let me out from the Azerbaijan. The Shah was so pleased with the gift that not only he followed the request of Emir, but also sent him in return a set of the Shah clothing, amours, and weapons...

And father somehow also helped the Persian governor guns, and that in the answer sent him of amazing beauty a tent... This jurtu aunty presented Mansuru which in the beginning did not use her, and after reception of new Persian gifts, enough exclaimed: Well, now I, at last, can enter in magnificent Persian cha ~ tyr in a magnificent Persian amour...

Seeing Sahib-Garai's unfitness for the war, Mansur thought it best to forbid him from the attacks, and decided to make peace with the Moscow Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533). It vainly small - Naryk was suggesting to no success to regain Modjar with a resolute strike, the Emir forbade even to think of it.

In 1523 the Balynian (Vasily III, 1505-1533) sent his ambassador to Kazan with a merchant caravan and sweet speeches about Balyn's desire to live in peace with the Kazan il. These speeches lulled the weakly witted ruler and his untalented Kazan Ulugbek, and meanwhile they were deceitful like everything that emanated from the lips of the Moscow Ulubiys. Some days later after arrival of the Rus embassy the Moscow army with a sudden attack seized Seber-Kala and captured the estuary of the Sura-su (modern r. Sura in Chuvashia). It is said that having learned about this shame, Amir's son Hamid died of frustration...
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These preparations turned out to be not wasted. The of Urak's son Ismaildan came to Kazan from 500 cossacks, gathered a large crowd in the city, and demanded reciprocal actions from the Emir. Mansur did not wish to fight Ruses for the last scrap of the Modjar, for he was apprehensive of Moscow alliance with Chally, and still hoped to come to terms with the Balynian. At the same time, the anger of the Ar kazanchis frightened him even more, he went down from the Bogyltau to the crowd and declared: Ask for it from the Ulugbek, the fault is on him! And the Khan, having been fairly scared and desiring to direct the fury of the people onto others, shouted to them: For this perfidy of the infidels let be punished the Rus merchants and the ambassador, who delivered a false message! The crowd, blind with hatred, rushed into the weakly fortified Tashayak uram and for no purpose killed there three hundred Rus merchants and the ambassador. Seeing that the Khan managed to distract the attention of the crowd, and that to seize him without it will be impossible, Ismaildan left from the city.

As  soon as the danger has passed, Sahib-Garai declared Kazan il an independent Kazan Yort and then recognized his dependence on the Sultan of Rum (Suleiman I Law-giver, 1520-1566)... Sain-Yusuf come to a full fury,... but internal difficulties tied him up. The matter was that by pranouncing Shakh-Gali a Kazan Ulugbek he offended the Cheremshan and Agidel cossacks, who wanted my promotion, under the influence of the Urak propaganda, and those in response refused to fight with the rebellious Mansur, under a guise of desire to observe the law of Talib. Seid sent ambassadors to Amir and Timer-Berket's grandson, Mustafa's son Almat in vain, the Sardar and Agidel Ulugbek were unshakable. The Bashkort Ulugbek, Said-Ahmed's son Begish, refused to campaign under a pretext of a Nogai threat, and Mumli's son Dauli Tuba, who was the Ulugbek of the Ishtyak, under a pretext of the Urus threats to the Upper Chulman (Arctic Kama = Upper Kama). And the Urak's son Ismaildan was even a little pleased with Sahib-Garai arbitrariness out of hatred to the indignant Mansur, although like all Elaurs he did not want to yield no speck of the Bulgarian land to nobody. Therefore, Emir also did not dare to act with force against the rebellious Khan...

Chapter 7. How Kan Yusuf was killed and Kul-Ashraf enthroned

Despairing to get help from his people, in 1524 Seid-Emir Yusuf turned to Moscow with an offer on joint expulsion of the impudent Khan from the Kazan. The Balynian (Vasily III, 1505-1533) agreed with pleasure, and advanced to the city an unprecedented army of 180 thousand. Having learned about it, Seid gathered a subash militia (peasant army, also unprecedented disgrace for a nomadic-led country) and himself moved with it to the Kazan. Certainly, in other times the subashes would not give in to be persuaded for it, but then, the year was difficult, and a Yusuf promise to not collect taxes from the families of the militiamen drove 6 thousand reckless djigits (young strongmen) to march to Kazan. Ismaildan, having learned about Seid's plans, also marched to Kazan, to not to admit in no case Ruses into her. And Gali-Tazi son Tuba after some hesitation joined in to the Kan with 200 cossacks...
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Seid approached the city the first, and Sahib-Garai in fear escaped to Crimea. Expecting such turn of events, the Ar Ulugbek Djurash-Sadir sent his son Arak to Crimea to hire in into the service of new Khan. That hired a young nephew of Sahib Safa-Garai, but did not get with him to Kazan prior to the arrival of the Seid... Yusuf did not want to storm the city by himself, and decided to take it with the forces of the Rus allies.

Pending the arrival of the infidels, he demanded from Mansur a surrender of Kazan, to save the city from destruction. By that message Seid-Emir wanted to absolve himself in case the Kazan destruction. Mansur, with news on the Safa-Garai delay, and having figured out hat to hold the city in case of the arrival of the Ruses will be impossible, decided to kill Yusuf and thus upset the affair of the allies. To entice Seid into a trap, Emir invited him to Kazan for negotiations about surrender of the city. Sain-Yusuf thoughtlessly went to the fortress, but he barely rode into the Yugary Kerman through the Subash Gate as he was attacked by the Emir's mercenaries and killed with a dagger of an Ak-Mongyt. Bek Tuba, riding next to the Kan, finished with the murderer with a strike of a sword, but was also wounded and took itfor the best to escape from the city with the bloody Seid body on a horse. Tuba was saved from the death by the grandson of the Seber Khan of the Tuba the Khan Ubak. The mother of the Bek was a daughter of Tuba, and the Ubak father was the Tuba's son from his younger wife Azgar... The ancestor of that Seberian joined into the service to the Bulgarian state during the time of the Kan Azgar's grandson Anbal, therefore onbecoming Bulgarian Ulugbek he accepted as a token of respect to the Kan a name of his grandfather Azgar. From that time the name wAzgar as favorite within the clan of the Seber Ulubeks, who then took titles of the Emirs and Khans...

Ubak brought from Seber his sister Markugash, whom was intended to be marrieOn the place of murder was erected gürbe (tomb, mausoleum) of Sain-Yusuf, but because it was built under a decree of Kul-Ashraf, people nicknamed the tomb Kul-Ashraf mosque...
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The Seid's murder has shaken many, for nothing like that has ever happened. Yadkar in a sorrow decided to postpone marriage for three years. The excited Kazan people surrounded Mansur with his entourage and demanded explanations. Emir himself was wounded in the melee by the Bek Tuba son Yapancha, and that saved him from immediate reprisal by the crowd. His son Mamet and Kugush son Ulan had to explain and tell lies to the people that Seid came to Kazan to seize Safa-Garai and to turn him over, together with the city, to the Ruses, and that Kan's people were the first who attacked resistingthem Mansur. People believed that and calmed down. Having learned about it, Yadkar decided to abandon the the union with the infidels, to save his name from a similar slander. With that, without hesitation he hastened to proclaim himself a Seid-Emir of Bulgar, and decided to wait out near Kazan the outcomes of the turmoil...

The Ruses were already close, but young Safa-Garai, protected by Ismaildan, nevertheless in time entered Kazan first. That at once made Ismaildan famous, and he was elected a Sardar of the troops of three western ils of the Bulgarian state. The Bek upheld the demand of other kazanchis about declaring the Mansur son Mamet a Seid of the Kazan and Ar ils, but in exchange for that he forced them to recognize Safa-Garai as new Kazan Ulugbek. When that took place, Ismaildan forced the young Khan (Safa-Garai) to declare himself a servant of the Seid Yadkar and to renew the payment of the Nogai tribute to the Chally. Yadkar was satisfied with that. He granted ulans a right to keep their possessions, and left to the Korym-Chally with the bodies of his father and Ubak. Seid-Emir ordered his army not to allow a capture of the Kazan by the infidels, and through Ismaildan ordered the Balyn Prince (Vasily III, 1505-1533) to turn his troops back. At that time came the Ruses, and having learned about the death of Seid and the natural termination of the alliance, wanted to turn back, but the Moscow Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) ordered them to take Kazan, and by that demonstrated his true intentions and perfidy...and of the

The infidels had many Alman (German), Altynbash (Italian), and Bailak (?) gunners, who quickly determined the location of the most damaging large cannon and directed against it all fire. The old Biktimer incautiously himself supervised its gunfire, and was killed by a cannon ball on the spot... Then several Alman and Bailak soldiers managed to creep up at night to the Ar wall and to ignite it... But the Ruses commander slowed up. In the infidels' rear began attacking Cheremshans, and he was unhappy that after the abrogation of the alliance he still had to battle alone with the strengthened opponent. In addition, he was afraid to lose, in case of failure, the cavalry and gunners, for the Moscow Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) held it for the greatest crime. Therefore the commander was not in a hurry and has not supported the unauthorized break through the burned wall by the Frangs (French? Franks = Germans?) in the Rus service. The Biktimer's son Baigara managed to drag up a large cannon to the Aydar-muncha (bath-house) and shooting from it has repulsed Almans (Germans) and Bailaks (?).. .. After that Kazanians quickly restored the burned down part of the wall...
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But then came an Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) order about a storm of Kazan, and commander had to begin preparations for it. A hundred thousand of the infidels come nearer to the walls... However, to the joy of the commander soon come a news about decimation on the Kara-Idel of the Rus fleet and a caravan with the provisions, by the fleet of Süngil's son Amat and by the chirmyshes of the Agjsh's son Mamysh-Birde, and the Sardar of the infidels immediately cancelled the storm and continued a safer siege. Nevertheless, the kazanchi militia managed to lure the Rus cavalry into a  battle and destroy its best part... And when the message spread about a new advance of the Cheremshan army to Kazan,  headed by Yadkar who came back to the army, the Rus commander retreated with an easy heart (ca. 1526)...

And really, that the Balynian (Vasily III, 1505-1533) lost 30 thousand soldiers on the Kara-Idel, 60 thousand Uruses and 2 thousand Frangs (French? Franks = Germans?) at the siege city during the coordinated Kazan sorties, and Ismaildan and Agish attacks from the poskyn in Ar forest, the Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) has not counted for a large loss, for he preserved his cavalry and foreign gunners. And our losses were: Utyash and the joined with him at the rivers Zuya and Kara-Idel half of the Chally subashes lost 7 thousand fighters; Ismaildan and Agish lost 2 thousand subashes, 200 cossacks, and 3 thousand Kypchaks and Crimeans (Crimeans); Mamysh-Birde lost 4 thousand Ar chirmyshes, 90 murzas, and 800 of their people; the Kazanians lost one thousand cossacks and 5 thousand militiamen; the total came to 23 thousand and 90 men... Of the nobles we lost Bek Agish, who died of wounds, and Shehid-Ulan... And simple falks, it is said, the Ruses clobbered up to 300 thousand people...

When the Balyns began retreating, the pleased Kazanians showered infidels with sneers, and the refugees from the nearby auls staged a djien with sacrifices to Tangre on the occasion of riddance from the unprecedented trouble... Five thousand themerchants that covered in the Buhar Yorty unwrapped their goods and begun a brisk trade... The people, especially the youth, had fun and danced, like intoxicated with wine... And Mariam, with a reputation of a charming woman, run out on the wall and from it began to wail about her killed husband and to damn the Ruses. At that, she tore her hair and clothes and scratched her face... And, apparently, not for nothing people were a little afraid of her, the retreating Ruses army was really swept with pestilence, and it is said that from black illness there died 20 thousand infidels...

In addition to the joy of the victory, for all who lost their dear in the war, the greatest delight were the stories about valor of the Bulgarian bahadirs. So, about the young Bek Mamysh-Birde was told that in the beginning he recaptured Seber-Kala from the Uruses, and then came to Sundyr and found there a caravan with provisions under a protection of the Rus fleet. The infidels slept carelessly, for that thought that the districts was captured by their Ulubiy... On seeing that, the Bek straight off attacked the Balynians and slaughtered 10 thousand enemies. When his soldiers already got tired of swinging their swords and began retreating, appeared Utyash and attacking from an ambush, slaughtered 7 thousand enemies more. Three thousand Balyns tried to flee by the ships, but Amat suddenly sailed up from the Alat-su to cross their path and sunk them...
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And Atalyk distinguished himself during the siege time, he had a reputation of the first Bulgarian pahlevan (?). So, it was told that on a sabantui at the Royal Meadow he won a wrestling contest with the very Aman-Bak, the Mamli-Dauli's grandson and the Tuba's son, and that was considered to be an invincible fighter... At the djien fighting competitions at the Goat Meadow, Atalyk struck with a first arrow a goat tied to a crossbeam of the field gate at a distance of more than a chakrym (~ 1.1 km) from him, and nobody could do that... But the Bek especially loved duels with battle spears, only Ismaildan was equal to him...

When in a wall was opened a gap, and Baigara not yet dragged up cannons there, Atalyk came out alone against hundred Frangs, and with the first arrow struck their Sardar. The Frangs quailed, and one thousand Rus horsemen was charged with bringing the body of the killed. But Atalyk came out towards them, and with precize shots forced them to flee. Then the Ruses sent out one thousand soldiers more... and cried that Bek try to grapple with spears with their invincible bogatyr. Atalyk agreed, and at the encounter pierced the infidel through... Only when all Frangs went on a storm, and Biktimer dragged the cannons to the gap,  the famous Bek yielded the place to cannon balls...

People met with delight the Seid-Emir, who triumphally entered Kazan on a horse. Safa (Safa-Garai) met him kneeling in front of the city gate, and on foot took his master to the Yugary Kerman...

After ordering to begin construction of a new mosque in memory of the brilliant victory over the infidels, Yadkar Kul-Ashraf left to the Echke-Kazan, and therefrom to the Korym-Chally, where he liked to stay most of the time...
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Chapter 8. Beginning of Kul-Ashraf rule (ca. 1526 -)

While Ismaildan remained in Kazan, the authority of the Seid Yadkar Kul-Ashraf Artan in that il was strong... The Moscow Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533), having suffered defeat, returned to the Bulgarian state the Seber-Kala and the Naratlyk province near Djun-Kala (modern Nijni Novgorod), and renewed payment of the tribute... Under the decision of Yadkar, (Kazan Ulugbek) Safa-Garai began paying regularly the Nogai tribute to the Chally, and married Markugash and Astarhan malika (apparently, Princess), a daughter Zaitun of the Kara-Nogai Bika, which again joined the whole Seber and Astarhan to the Bulgarian state...

By an Ismaildan advice, the Khan (Safa-Garai) erected over the Kan Sain-Yusuf tomb in the Bulyar a stone türbe, that become a pilgrimage place for the devout... The Bek also persuaded Seid (Yadkar Kul-Ashraf) to allow construction of the new suburb walls in Kazan. The Kazan Magistrate Tümen, the Ar Ulugbek Djurash-Sadir's son Arak, the Kazan Inals, and even the Seid (Yadkar Kul-Ashraf) himself allocated money and 60 thousand kara-chirmyshes (lower class of peasants), condemned for non-payment of taxes, failure to report to mobilization, and other crimes; in six years they erected a new suburb wall from the Korym Tower to the Upper Isbel. And the width and durability of this wall were such that no cannon could punch it. Simultaneously, was repaired the wall of the Kuraish balik, this time with space leftfor the Tashayak fair...

That was done in time, because the relations of the Bulgarian state with Moscow sharply worsened again. In the beginning, after the defeat at Kazan, the Urus Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) promised Seid (Yadkar Kul-Ashraf) to return to Bulgar, besides the other ones, a part of the Modjar that adjoins Sura-Idel from the west. For that, he received time to count population, and evacuate people and his property. But that time the artful Balynian in reality used to fortiy the border (called zaseka in Russian, a  wall of ramparts and fallen logs). Alarmed with delaying of the Modjar affair and suspicious preparations, Yadkar enjoined to stop exchange of the seized Rus cannons and myltyks (?) on the captured soldiers and driven to Balyn the Ar chirmyshes. The Moscow Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) in response sent to Kazan an impudent demand to renew the exchange, otherwise threatening with a war...

The war began with the Bulgar merchants heading to Modjar for trade were shot at from the Isrek-Kala. In response the Khan (Safa-Garai), under an order of (the Seid) Kul-Ashraf, attacked that fortress and burnt it down. Duting the action, he collided with good Rus cavalry, and informed Seid of that. (The Seid) Yadkar understood that the Balynian (Vasily III, 1505-1533) managed to restore the cavalry after its defeat in 1524 for a new attack on the Bulgarian state, and it ordered Ulugbeks in the three western provinces to prepare to repusle an attack. Due to the efforts of Samed, a brother of Atalyk, to the Kazan came 3 thousand Kara-Nogais, 7 thousand Ases, Kumyks, and Astrakhan and Azak Kypchaks. The Türks, Burdjans, and Saksins were placed under the Bek's (?) command in the Kuraish balik. The Khan (Safa-Garai) hoped that they will easily crush the Rus infantry at its approach, and will throw them back beyond the Kara-Idel (northern Idel/Volga), but the Ruses outwitted him, and for the first time their infantry came to the city under a protection of the cavalry... When the Kara-Nogais, Tatars, Burdjans and Saksins attacked the Balyn infantry, appeared the Moscow cavalry and in fierce battle pushed the yuldashes (soldiers) to the Kuraish balik. Then, in the early morning, the Ruses moved guns to the suburb wall, breached it, and broke in inside. The yuldash (soldiers) infantry were not on a par with the horses, and all of them have fallen in a horrifying slaughter. Atalyk tried to cross Bulak by the bridge at the Lower Tümen Tower, but his horse fell after a jump over the fence, and the Bek (Atalyk) broke his leg. He tried to get up, but could not, and only his horse run on the bridge to the other bank. When the Ruses come to the bridge, he was immediately lifted up, and in front of our eyes in a fury they finished off the helpless Atalyk. In memory of that famous Bulgarian Bek the Lower Tümen Tower began to be called Atalyk's Tower...
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After the wipeout of the Kuraish balik yuldashes (soldiers) under Sardar Ismaildan hand remained 3 thousand Crimean Türks and 9 thousand soldiers of the Kazan and Ar ils, which he, in a hope for the fast aid promised by the Seid (Yadkar), brought into the city. And not in vain... After the capture of the Kuraish balik, the intoxicate by success Balyns went to the Ar field.

The impatient Safa (Kazan Ulugbek Safa-Garai), ready to exchange all blessings of the world for a hot fight and a fast argamak, without preparation and a sanction of Ismaildan jumped out with the Crimeans towards the enemy  and was also smushed by the heavy Rus cavalry... The fast destruction of the Crimeans, unreasonably detesting good amour, installed in Khan such a horror that he set fire to the suburb and covered behind the walls of the Shahri Gazan. After this, the Ruses infantrymen become furiously climed the Ar wall, and if not the plenty of soldiers at the hand of Ismaildan, they would surely get into the city. However, Sardar had djigits, they were sent into the action, and they resolutely repulsed the infidels from the walls. At the same time, the inhabitants of the suburb extinguished the fire. It is said that in that attack fell more than 15 thousand Ruses, of which, judging by then amour, 355 were Beks and Biys. But the main force of the Rus troops, the cavalry, was still in force, and the Balyns began again preparing for the attack and shooting at the walls from 80 guns.. .. Ismaildan with the growing greater alarm was glancing from the top of the highest Old Chirmysh Tower toward the Chally, but the help still was not cominge. The despaired townspeople brought to the kara-chirmysham rich gifts and persuaded their wives to ask Tangru for help. Those ascended the wall and, naked to the waist, began shaking clothes and sing loudly Tangra djyru:
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In a waterless field
An artful enemy surrounded
Three daring bahadirs.
Oh, Tangra, give us rain!

From solar beams
Burning out all around,
Their bows do not bend.
Oh, Tangra, give us rain!

The dust of desert field
Raised by burning wind,
Staffed their quivers.
Oh, Tangra, give us rain!

Let the black clouds
Come here from four sides
And cover sun, and moon, and stars.
Oh, Tangra, give us rain!

Let the black soil
Shiver from heavenly thunder
And dark blue lightnings.
Oh, Tangra, give us rain!

Let muddy streams
Fill the withered ground
With damned enemies on it
Oh, Tangra, give us rain!

Let your sea
Have a strong ship
To save three bahadirs.
Oh, Tangra, give us rain!

Let waves of your sea
Push their ship to land,
And only then the stars begin to shine.
Oh, Tangra, give us rain!

Soon the shocked Kazanians and enemies saw the light suddenly grew dim and above the city broke a horrifying storm. The Rus attack has crushed, they grew quiet, and started negotiations with Ismaildan about payment from the city for removal of the siege. Ismaildan bargained slowly, until at last from the Chirmysh Tower was noticed an alarm smoke: to the city hurried up Hamid's son Gali with 4 thousand Kashanians, 2 thousand Yar-Challys, and 2 thousand Agidels. The delay with sending them was caused by the revolt of the Cossacks, who for a long time refused to go to action because Seid (Yadkar) did not increase their salary as he promised. Cossacks surrounded Yadkar, shouting into his face that he sent money promised to them to the construction of the Kazan walls, so now let Kazanians protect themselves. Fortunately for the Seid (Yadkar), at that moment Tuba's son Aman-Bak returned from the campaign against the Djuketun, and his booty was sufficed for payment to the cossacks...
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The Cheremshans, who so recently were revolting, now at once rose under the Seid banners and quickly rode to the rescue of Kazan. Eight thousand of them, without any pity, attacked straight off the shocked by the storm enemies, and turned them into a panic flight... The Rus herds were seized at once, and the horseless infidel cavalrymen fled with infantrymen in a single shapeless crowd. Excited by a sight of the fleeing enemies, the Kazanians struck on them from all gates with triumphing shouts... In that fight were killed 45 thousand infidels, of which 20 thousand constituted the best of the Rus cavalry. From the 170 thousand Ruses that set out to Kazan, back home came just 75 thousand.

Our side gained all guns, myltyks (?), and 25 thousand captured infidels... In the war had fallen 13 thousand yuldashes (soldiers), 3500 Cheremshanians, 2 thousand Kazan murzas, and 4 thousand Kazan militiamen...

It would seem that came the moment of greatest triumph for Seid-Emir Yadkar, and he calmly went to hadj (Hajj), for he has pledged to make it after Almighty would grant victory over the infidels. Kul-Ashraf charged his senior brother Seid Fazyl with Chally, and charged Ismaildan with Kazan - ... But suddenly, a month after Seid-Emir (Yadkar) departure, Ismaildan felt unwell, and drove off to Shaimardan. And soon came a message that he died on the way. After that it became known that Kul-Ashraf also fell dangerously ill on the way, and some malicious people even began to spread rumors about his death. And then to light suddenly came Seid Mamet, who before was silently sitting in Echke-Kazan under protection of the kazanchis, and declared himself a ruler of the Bulgarian state. With his false preaching about the future confiscation by the Seid Fazyl of the estates, and a new heavy war with the Moscow, he forced to tremble the hearts of kazanchis, and they decided not to allow consolidation of Kul-Ashraf power in Kazan. Some of the ulans, and even the cossacks Mamet attracted with a promise to distribute to them in hereditary possession the subash and chirmysh lands. A three-thousand crowd the service Tatars, tired from the wars and seeing in the Seid (Mamet) a supporter of the peace with Balyn, supported Mamet with even greater delight. Having gathered in Ar-Kala a crowd of his supporters, he marched to Kazan. So began the Mamet mutiny, which lasted till 1535.
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Fazyl, as though to prevent the capture of the authority by Mamet, also declared himself a Seid-Emir, and promised to confiscate from the rebels all their possessions. But that pushed away from Chally even those kazanchis who hesitated or supported Yadkar's authority, and forced those involved in the revolt to support Mamet even more actively.

Chapter 9. Revolt of Mamet

When insurgents came to Kazan, they were joined by the Simbir Ulugbek Chura, a son of Mal-Naryk. The Ulugbek (Chura) liked the idea of providing peace for the three western Bulgar ils that were tired of the wars. The Chura's support solved the case in favor of the Emir (Mamet)... Gali, whose junior wife was a sister of (Ulugbek) Chura, heeded an appeal of his brother-in-law not to spill the blood of the kins and removed Cheremshans from the city. After that the regular Kazan people, who begun hating Safa (Kazan Ulugbek Safa-Garai) for attempting to abandon baliks to their fate, and also the exhausted by work kara-chirmysh builders, were outraged by the tazikbashes (apparently, City Hall leaders) and sprinted to the Shahri Gazan. Under a cover of shooting by the kazanchis and murzas, who entered the inner skirts of the Kazan, the poor men punctured the wall of the Shahri Gazan and broke into the fortress. A few dozens of  Khan's (Kazan Ulugbek Safa-Garai) Crimeans tried to restrain the push of the crowd at the Yugary Kerman wall that runs along the Tazik moat (taz in Türkic and Germanic is shallow dish), but insurgents broke that wall also, and clobbered the yuldashes (soldiers). The remains of the stone wall were thrown into the Tazik moat and it was not restored any more. An Amat's son Ak-Balyk barely managed to load 12 ships with the Shahri Gazan valuables, and take them with the Khan (Kazan Ulugbek Safa-Garai) and his relatives through a pier at the Mir-Gali Gate by the channel Kama-Tamak of the Kazan-su... Fazyl suggested to Safa (Kazan Ulugbek Safa-Garai) to wait out the mutiny in the Cheremshan at a post of Bulyar tamgachy (customs officer), but that preferred to ask for a leave from the service and to drive off to Crimea together with the Crimean embassy. To accompany the Khan (Kazan Ulugbek Safa-Garai) Seid (Mamet) delegated to the Cheremshan Sardar Gali, saved from the punishment for abandoning Kazan only by the switch of all his cossacks into the service of Emir (Mamet)...

Three hundred Gali's djigits did not allow a Simbir checkpoint Saratau to capture Safa (Safa-Garai) and safely transferred him to a group from Crimea that arrived to the balik...

The loss of all Cheremshan cossacks and a danger of treason by the others did not allow Seid (Yadkar? Fazyl?) to finish immediately with the mutiny... The triumphal Emir Mamet entered Kazan and soon, by an advice of Chura, concluded a very favorable peace with Moscow. The weakened and scared by the route at Kazan Balynian transferred to the Kazan il the western part of Modjar, and to the Simbir il the Muhshan (Muhsha?) areas of Kisan (Ryazan), and in addition undertook to support Emir (Mamet) with a force of three-thousandth Rus corps of the commander Vasyl bine Petryach. To the post of the Kazan Ulugbek, Emir (Mamet) appointed a younger brother Djan-Gali of the serving for Moscow Shakh-Gali, so that the Moscow Ulubiy (Vasily III, 1505-1533) could justify his shameful for Balyn concessions to the Bulgar in the eyes of the Uruses. Also to fool his subjects the Balynian (Vasily III) elicited from the (Emir) Mamet a sanction to keep in the Seber-Kala and Lachyk-Uba the Rus garrisons and has not declared to anybody the transfer of the territories. The Agish's son Mamysh-Birde told me that when his brother Ihsan and bek Kadysh came to one Ruses monastery for Batlik (or beyond Batlik, river Vetluga), its monks did not believe the news about the transfer of their district under the authority of Emir (Mamet), and refused to render tribute. Ihsan drove off, and Kadysh besieged the monastery and held it in siege until he run out of supplies. After that he also departed to rest in Kukdjak (river Kokshaga), leaving only karauls (sentries) at the monastery, and soon he learned about the end of this monastery. Not receiving any help for a long time, the monks at last understood that they were left to the mercy of the fate, and barely after Kadysh departed, they sunk in a nearby lake all their belongings and dispersed...

Djan-Gali, warned by the acute and refined in intrigues brother about the danger of a governorship in the Kazan without a permission of the Chally Seid-Emir (Yadkar), refused to go to Bulgar and was delivered to the Bulgarian borderin shackles. There he was accepted by the Mamet people and brought to Kazan...

When at last Kul-Ashraf returned to the Bulgarian state and discharged Fazyl from the power, he had to begin it all over again...

In 1533 Emir (Mamet) enjoined Djan-Gali to marry Süünbika, a daughter of the Nogai Ulubiy Yusuf. Mamet wanted to win over with that the strongest Old Nogai leader and overcome Yadkar with his help. In the same year the 13-years old Süünbika was brought to the Kazan...

However, Seid (Seid-Emir Yadkar) quickly found allies in struggle with (Nogai Ulubiy) Yusuf, his younger brother Ismail and the Astrakhan Khan Yadkar-Mohammed, whom he granted his name during his trip to Astarhan in 1525... In the same year happened a split between the Ar and Kazan kazanchis, caused by the disqualification by the Kazanians of the Ar's people from the enrichment from the newly gained lands. In a terrible rage the Ar ulans began to call the traitor Kazan kazanchis and murzas Betle Tatars. And at large, with the word Tatar in the beginning were called all criminals whom as punishment the Chingizids forced to fight in front of their soldiers... One of the Chingizids, the infidel Hulagu, gathered his army almost only from these vermins, and led them on the countries of Islam with a war. He destroyed thousands of the blossoming cities in Khoresm, Khorasan, Azerbaijan, Rum, and Sham, together with their uncountable inhabitants, and all ruined Muslim areas he was giving to the dear to his heart Christians and Yahuds (Jews)...
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The gazis of the Misr (Egypt) Sultan did not allow his (Hulagu) dirty Tatar troops to reach the sacred cities of Islam Mecca and Medina, and then he in a hatred to the Moslems fell upon the capital of the devout of the whole world Bagdad. The great city with its two millions inhabitants was destroyed, and the Caliph Emir of Moslems was brutally annihilated by the Tatars. Since then, the word Tatar became a hated word to all Moslems and gained, besides the other nefarious meanings, the sense infidel, sinner damned. Sheikh Kasim therefore did not let in into the mosque any Kypchaks, telling them: You, Kypchaks are all damned by the Almighty Tatars, destroyers and haters of the Islamic world, therefore you have nothing to do in the mosque and to hope for a favor of the Allah is in vain. And our yuldashes (soldiers) from the Crimea, Astarhan, Azak, Sebera, Kyrgyz and Nogai, to not lose a hope for a salvation... called themselves Besermen, that is Bulgar...

But our people were not only skilful in giving apt nicknames, but also in handling weapons. Therefore, should be expected, words alone did not end the affair. There was a skirmish between Shehid-Ulan's son Shamai, rooting for Emir (Mamet), and Ismaildan's son Yanchura, during the Emir's (Mamet) attempt to subjugate the Ar il. Yanchura completely routed the attacker and turned him into a panic flight, and after him also started fleeing from the Echke-Kazan the Emir viceroy with his Kazan ulans...

A Djurash-Sadir's son Arak had sworn not to let any more the Kazan kazanchis beyond Biektau, and Ihsan with Mamysh-Birde cut off the road from the Alat (river Alat, town Alat, 56.2N 49.2E) to the Batlik (river Vetluga, 56.3N 46.5E). Emir (Mamet), having learned about it, was strongly disturbed, and came to Echke-Kazan to settle the squabble. With a concession of the Batlik (river Vetluga) to the Ar's people he managed to prevent the switch of the local kazanchis to the Yadkar side, but then Yanchura could not calm down any more. He managed to organize in the Ar il a plot with the purpose of returning the Kazan il under the authority of the Seid (Yadkar), provided that Yadkar would again install Safa (Safa-Garai) an Ulugbek, and will respect the rights of the Ar il. (Seid) Yadkar willingly accepted these conditions of the conspirators, and in 1535, when preparations were completed, invited Safa-Garai to his service. On that signal, Ismaildan came to trhe Echke-Kazan and with the help of the Ulugbek Arak forced Emir (Mamet) to summon Djan-Gali for a report. The unfortunate Khan (Djan-Gali) came, but at the Echke-Kazan he was seized by Yanchura and immediately hanged. After that the Ar kazanchis promptly marched to Kazan, sweeping everything away on the way, and broke straight off into the city. The Cheremshan cossacks, who have not received the promised land, and also the poor folks joined to the Ar's people, and together they began ruthlessly beating up anybody somehow similar to the Tatars. It is said tha only in the Kazanwere killed 1200 murzas, 500 Kazan kazanchi djurs (heavily armed knights), and 300 Khan-Kerman yuldashes (soldiers). The Mamet mutiny was suppressed (1535), and he was seized and Yanchura sent him to the Ar Ulugbek Arak. The Rus alai (garrison), stationed in the Kara-Muslim balik, did not participate in the scramble, though just in case had entrenched in one of urams. And when the commander Vasyl wanted to force his people into action against the Ar army, the Balyn soldiers tied him up and after negotiations with Yanchura turned hin over to the Bek (Yanchura) in exchange for life and a freedom of choice. Most Ruses accepted Islam and were settled on the river Misha as subashes (state peasants), 900 men decided to remain in their faith and received rights of the kara-chirmyshes (non-Moslem fief peasants) and lands along Nukrat-su, and only a hundred Balyns wanted to return to Moscow. But they could not do it, for the troops of the infidels perfidiously invaded Batlik (river Vetluga), Modjar, Muhsha and Uchkui and started a severe war against Bulgar...
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Chapter 10. Ismaildan war and Safa-Garai revolt

With Arak's support and Chura's consent, Yanchura became a Sardar of the forces of all of three western ils. On behalf of his ils, Yanchura recognized Yadkar as only sovereign of the Bulgarian state, and paid off to the Chally the Nogais tribute for all years of the mutiny. When Safa (Safa-Garai) arrived at Kazan, at the inaguration to the throne of the Kazan Ulugbeks he was sworn to be loyal to the Seid Kul-Ashraf (Yadkar Kul-Ashraf) and consult with Bek Yanchura in all subjects...

By an advice of Sardar (Yanchura), most lands of the killed murzas in the Khan part of the Kazan il were handed to the Cheremshan cossacks, and the army received excellent fighters. Under Yanchura insistance, the Khan (Safa-Garai) was also compelled to reconcile with Chura, but in his soul nevertheless he kept on a resentment for his past shame. Yanchura asked Seid (Yadkar) to give the widowed Süünbika to Safa as wife, and Bika was quite pleased with that, for the Khan (Safa-Garai) was a real man and had grown fond of her passionately...

At first sight could appear that Yanchura delegated into the hands of Safa (Safa-Garai) and Chura only the conduct of the war, but that also he supervised at the turning points, and the people who knew the real master of the situation, named the war after his nickname, the Ismaildan war...

The war was difficult for the Bulgar, but the Bulgarian state could not accept a perfidious capture by the infidels of the Naratlyk, Modjar, Muhsha and Uchkui in the upper course of Chulman (Arctic Kama = Upper Kama), because without possession of these areas was impossible to ensure safety of the country, or survive the humiliation. Of all the inhabitants of Bulgar only the Ar's chirmyshes enjoyed the war, for it and hunting fed them, and in the Ars' beliefs the murder of enemies absolved all sins, and everyone killed in the war would immediately gain protection of their deity and receive a rich estate and many wives and pleasures in the paradise...
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At that Ismaildan war were lost 73 thousand Ar chirmyshes, 30 thousand yuldashes (soldiers), 17 thousand cossacks from all provinces, 10 thousand of the Kazan and Simbir murzas, and 270 kazanchis, Biys, Tarhans, batyrs and yuzbashy (head of something?)... We killed 300 thousand Balyn soldiers and seized 100 thousand captives. And the gazis cleared from the infidels the Bulgarian lands they seized earlier between the Sain-Idel (lower course of the modern Oka river) and Sura-su (modern r. Sura in Chuvashia), between Batlik (river Vetluga) and Ar-Galidj and in the upper course of Chulman (Arctic Kama = Upper Kama). The full victory was close, and the Balyn Ulubiy (Ivan IV the Terrible, 1547-1584, b. 1530) already secretly sent to Kazan ambassador Djurgi Bulgak with an offer to return all Bulgarian lands with the cities Kolyn (Russ. Khvalynsk, modern Vyatka/Kirov) and Djun-Kala (modern Nijni Novgorod), and to renew the payment of the Djir tribute in exchange for peace with the Bulgarian state, as suddenly a shaitan found an opening in the Safa-Garai soul and instilled in Khan vain arrogance and pride and a disastrous idea of ​​autocracy. As if having forgotten that, despite of all his courage, without Yanchura's advice he would not win a single his battle with the Uruses and would not gain glory, the ungrateful Khan decided to overthrow his dependence from the Sardar (Yanchura), and to proclaim Kazan il's independence from Chally. Chura, whose province grew tired from the war, decided to support Khan and to join him with his il in exchange for the Khan's promise to stop the war and to declare him a Sardar of two provinces. In addition, 2 thousand Kazan murzas and 500 kazanchis decided to support Safa (Safa-Garai) in exchange for the promise of the peace, and 10 thousand Nogai, Seber, Astrakhan and Crimean yuldashes (soldiers) supported him in exchange for a promise of service allotments. Notably, the plot participants were going to deceive each other in case of its success. Chura hoped to remove Safa (Safa-Garai) and to install in his place his friend Shakh-Gali, he was married to his sister. And Safa (Safa-Garai) wanted first involve Mamet to his side, and then to finish off with Chura and to transfer his province to his young son Bulyak-Garai...
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Instead of mounting a deciding campaign on Djun-Kala (modern Nijni Novgorod), in the winter of 1545 Safa-Garai suddenly dushed to Echke-Kazan with 15 thousand Simbirites, murzas, and yuldashes (soldiers), and besieged it. In the city lived 15 thousand inhabitants, and in his Archa-Kala citadel was stationed a thousand-strong cossack alai (garrison) of the Ar Ulugbek Arak. Yanchura at the time was in the Archa collecting taxes from the Bulgarian kara-chirmyshes (non-Moslem fief peasants) and subashes (state peasants). Among them happened to be one run-away cossack and drop-off student shakird Galikai with a nickname Chirmysh, who came to Sardar (Yanchura) and impudently stated: Oh, the son of Ismaildan! The money that you collected for the inutile war would be better directed for the needs of widows and orphans and to ease the life of the people. The (Sardar) Yanchura ordered to seize the impudent fellow, but he scattered the guardsmen, broke free, and raised an igenchis' (peasant) revolt with a purpose to achieve cancellation of emergency exactions from the kara-chirmyshes (non-Moslem fief peasants) and subashes, and transfer of the Bulgarian kara-chirmyshes (fief peasants) to the category of subashes (state peasants). The insurgents, holding high spears with attached rolls with the laws Seid Mohammed-Gali, to the joy of Safa-Garai beseiged Yanchura in the Archa balik,. The Khan in his turn besieged the Echke-Kazan and demanded from the Ulugbek Arak to surrender Mamet in exchange for his departure from the Ar il, otherwise threatening to burn and to plunder the estates of the local kazanchis. Seeing that proud Ulug-Bek is not going to concede in hope on Yanchura's help, the Khan (Safa-Garai) ordered to purposely let pass to the Archa-Kala a caught Sardar's (Yanchura) messenger with a written request from Yanchura for the help. The ulans fell thoughtfull, and forced Arak to give out Emir (Mamet?) to Safa (Safa-Garai). The pleased Khan (Safa-Garai) immediately left to Kazan, and the Ulugbek (Arak) turned to the suppression of the Galikai revolt. However, the indignant igencheis before the approach of the kazanchi militia took and devastated the New Archa balik. The (Sardar) Yanchura could barely break through from the city through the dense crowds of the furious and burning with a thirst of revenge insurgents. The kazanchis pushed aside igencheis from the Archa and several other cities of the Ar il, but they could not suppress revolt completely and seize Galikai. Chirmysh (Galikai) with a group of well trained and armed insurgents quickly moved from place to place and was uncatchable for the sluggish kazanchis...

The scared ulans turned to Seid (Yadkar) with a humiliating message, where they begged Yadkar to help them and even agreed to cancellation of the special rights of the il. But Seid (Yadkar), although he himself needed help of the Ar il in his struggle against the rebellious Khan (Safa-Garai), proudly responded to the kazanchis: The laws of Islam forbid such dependence as how you are holding igencheis, and condemn the inconceivable luxury that you surrounded yourselves with in this terrestrial life. Subordinate to the law of Almysh about the right of kurmyshes and kara-chirmyshes to transfer to chirmyshes and subashes if they accept Islam, and cancel illegal emergency exactions, and I shall address mullah Galikaü with a petition for the termination of the bloodshed.

The kazanchis refused to lose a significant share of their wealth. A part of them, led by Yanchura, hoped to repel igencheis by their own forces, but a majority led by Arak decided to ally with Safa (Safa-Garai) in exchange for his help in struggle with Galikai...
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Safa-Garai's mutiny cought Yadkar (Seid Yadkar Kul-Ashraf) unawares. Later Seid (Yadkar) told me with bitterness: It seemed that only one day separated me from the pleasure of victory over the Moscow Ulubiy (Ivan IV the Terrible, 1547-1584, b. 1530). But a day later I received a strongest humiliation. Verily, the Almighty reminds us of his boundless power over the destinies of the world, when people in their terrestrial affairs start exaggerating their own role...

To all other Seid's (Yadkar) troubles also added a treason of the salchibashy (head sailor) Ak-Balyk (White Fish). In exchange for a large compensation by the Khan (Safa-Garai) and a parcel of land in the Simbir il  the admiral withdrew the fleet from Agidel (Kama) to Kazan. On that, Yadkar noted: Chicanery ruins the state like unbelief  ruins the soul. [...]

Meanwhile. (salchibashy) Ak-Balyk had to go to Uchkui, which was again captured by the Ruses in the winter. (Seid) Yadkar gave an order to create new fleet, but the infidels outpaced our people, and their fleet in the summer of the same year proceeded unimpeded from the Uchkui to Kazan...

That move was precipitated by that the Rus Ulubiy Alasha (alasha = horse, a synonym of the mentioned above name of another Rus commander Djilki/Jilki = horse, a notable coincidence. In Russified form, the name may reflect various Türkic appellations for the horse: Akur[ov], Boimal[ov], Bulgak[ov], etc.) ordered to take advantage of the Khan's insurgency and to seize Kazan... The Rus fleet  from Djun-Kala (modern Nijni Novgorod) suddenly appeared at the city and landed 7 thousand infantrymen, who attacked straight off the djien camp of the Khan (Safa-Garai) at the Goat Meadow... The caught unawares Safa (Safa-Garai) people were swept by a terrible panic that resulted in a vain destruction of 3 thousand murzas and yuldashes (soldiers) under the infidel sabers. The Khan (Safa-Garai) was running in front of everybody else and was in such horror that, having covered in the Shahri Gazan, he ordered not to let anyone into the castle...

Fortunate for the Kazanians, the Ushkuis were late, and Balyns lacked forces for attack. They retreated, and when arrived the fleet from Uchkui, from the Simbir in time has appeared Ak-Balyk, and destroyed it... Nevertheless, the standing at edge of death Ruses cheered up with a victory over the Khan (Safa-Garai), and in the conspirators in the Khan camp began settling scores with each other. Safa (Safa-Garai), wishing to wash off from himself the filth of the shameful defeat, falsely accused of it the Seid (Yadkar) people and executed Agish's son Ihsan who was loyal to (Seid) Yadkar.  The Khan transferred a part of the Bek (Ihsan) possessions near Kazan to several murzas. That caused indignation of some Kazan kazanchis, and Chura took full advantage of it. Correctly suspecting Safa (Safa-Garai) in intention to falsely accuse him next time, the son of Mal-Naryk (Chura) in 1546 appeared in front of the Kazan with one and a half thousand Simbir cossacks, and declared: I came to revenge the damned Tatars for their dishonoring of the Bulgarian banner in a battle with insignificant number of infidels. The Kazan poor, who were hating the Khan (Safa-Garai) and Tatars, opened Chura the gates of the inner baliks, and threw themselves to beat... all Kypchaks on end. This time the wall already did not block theit way from the suburbs to the Bogyltau (hill), to the Shahri Gazan, and on the Tatars fell an ill-starred hour. Five thousand murzas and yuldashes (soldiers) were most ruthlessly killed, together with Khan's judge Bulat.
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Khan barely had time to run through a gate the Mir-Gali on ship Ak~Balyka and to sail in Astarhan - to the testü...

Chura immediately entered into Kazan and planted{put} on a throne Ulugbeks a Shakh-Gali, arrived on his request from Khan-Kermana. Despite of likeness, clever Khan tried to proceed{pass} to service Seid (Yadkar) and sent to Yadkar the secret ambassador. That not returned yet when now Safa-Garai appeared at Kazan with 2 thousand Astrakhan and Nogai Kytais and impudent intention to take huge city. He passed to him through Laish for grandson Gali-Gazi, the son of Tuba Yapancha sympathized with him... Cossacks Chura and the Kazan militiamen supporting Simbir Ulugbek from dislike for Tatars and Safa (Safa-Garai), distances from walls some volleys... On Kypchakm also forced them to refuse an attack. Hoping to the aid Ar's people, Kypchaks began to wait them at city, but instead of them arrived Galikai and after fierce slaughter forced Kypchaks to run in steppe. The huge transport from 5 thousand arb got to insurgents, 3 thousand camels and 10 thousand horses that rather strengthened and glorified Chirmysha and his army. Pleased posramleniem the old enemy, the Shakh-Gali sent to Sardar (Yanchura) igencheis the ambassador with a question: That you want? Galikai answered: Will for oppressed. Khan on it noticed that can give will only igenchejam Khan to a part Kazan il. Galikai agreed: it is Good, release{exempt} even Kazan igencheis - and I shall support you. The Shah - Gali with easy heart signed the decree on which, according to the law Seid Mohammed-Gali, allowed to 40 thousand igencheis Khan a court, 40 kazanchis and 1200 murzas to proceed{pass} in the category subashes. Galikai immediately gone on the Mountain side where him immediately joined 6 thousand Bulgarian kara-chirmyshes and 12 thousand mountain ars and serbij-tss. All of them accepted Islam and was transferred{translated} Khan by officials in subashi. Released{exempted} from dependence serbijs were so are pleased with it that began to name himself people subash, it is similar to those black aram which was written down in Ak-chirmyshes and named himself chirmyshekim people...

Kazanchis and murzy tried to oppose clearing igencheev, but those killed 20 kazanchis and 800 murz, and the others or, expelled, or delivered in fetters to Khan. The Shah - Gali wanted them to release{let off}, but him djury (heavily armed knights) from Modjar Bulgar with hatred to Tatars cut all murz... Mamet, being afraid of that the shadow of these events can fall and on him, in horror fled in Alat to his accomplices who gathered there from number betle Tatars led by son She-hid-Ulan Kildibek and with the son of Tatar judge Hyp-. These villains which began to join and more and more cossacks, planned to transfer Kazan il in hands Urus Ulubiy. In an exchange
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- - - ...

-, -. , . , - 2 . , -, ... , , ... . , , . 5 , 3 10 , . , - : ? : . , . : , - . - , , --, 40 , 40 1200 . , 6 - 12 -. . , , , - ...

, 20 800 , , , . - , ... , , , -- Hyp-. , , . , ...
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On it that rbeshchal to give judicial authority above Moslems nlja to Emir, to transfer the lands of enemies betle Tatars am and to make AlatsRuses Boyars...

The same Kazanians who wished to keep independence Kazan il under authority of the Crimean Khans, headed bek Biba-rys. His{its} father well-known it was Given - Ryshtau - the descendant Sebersko-go Khan Danijara... It{He} lead{carried out} some years in Nogai to a horde, and then arrived to Kazan and become famous for valor at its{her} protection from infidels. His{its} son Bibarys named a name of sultan Misra from dislike for Tatars, possessed high growth, powerful addition and a red beard and is valid so hated Kypchakov that murzy were afraid to come across him on a way. He pierced through father Hyp-, having pulled out from his hands a spear...

Having taken advantage of that Yadkar could not force son Gali in any way and daughters Mal-Naryka... Mohammed to go for a capture of Kazan from hands the Shakh-Gali, Bibarys caused Safa-Garai to Kazan and with 200 Kazan and Ar kazanchis ridden to capital il from fortress Sajf-Kul. The Shah - Gali, not wishing to collide{face} with Ar kazanchisi, hasty left{abandoned} Kazan. Chura it was necessary to leave together with him for all his hopes without Khan fell. Galikai forwarded them through the Kara-Idel near by an Ak-Balyk, not desiring to contact insurgents. Scared tazikbashes (apparently, City Hall leaders) opened a gate of Kazan, and pleased Bibarys entered city in which did not remain any Kypchak murzy. soon approached{soon dropped in} Safa-Garai, but here there was a unpleasant hitch: for his raising on ulug-bek the throne was required sanction Ashrafida. Then Süümbika the plaintive letter caused me from my aul Bu-Yurgan to Kazan where the aged Sheikh - Kasim proclaimed me Seid and enabled me to appoint Safa (Safa-Garai) Kazan Ulugbek from name Ashra-fid of a house. Representation I sustained all this only for the sake of my precious Süünbiki to which I could not give up in such trifle... Thus I friendly warned Khan about necessity to settle the conflict with Yadkar in order to prevent all complications, but that not heeded this advice{council}. Moreover: Safa (Safa-Garai) immediately executed come into the hands Bibarysa Ulugbek Churu and Kadysh, than put himself outside of the law. Khan tried to correct the position by war with infidels, but without Yanchura his actions were pity and unsuccessful.. .. Moreover - winter of 1549 when 100 thousand Ruses suddenly appeared near Kazan and besieged her, Safa (Safa-Garai) again it was shamefully covered in Khansk the Court and the city was saved only by courage of 4 thousand Kazan militiamen and kavessand strikes on besieging of Ar woods Ulugbek Ar il. Assisting to Khan with hatred to infidels, Arak tried after that to take the Large sum

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Urmu. He took and set fire suburb and pending the end of a fire stayed the night in suburban village. Unfortunately, he, as well as the Aman-tank, so despised infidels that did not consider their capable of a night clanie. But when we languished and fallen asleep, left a citadel and killed Ulugbek directly in his tent... We could come eventually in themselves and beat attacking, but without Araka to continue a campaign were not solved and returned... On an inüst way friends to Khan became dishonorable people. So Hyp- received a place of the father Bulat in exchange for transfer Safa (Safa-Garai) of the palace...

Crimean and Azak yuldashes (soldiers) Safa (Safa-Garai) were at war not against infidels, and inside the country. They{he;it} did not manage to be seized Simbirom, new Ulugbek which - to brother Chura, to the Islam - helped retreated to Simbir il Galikai. Then Crimeans decided to profit for account Tarhannoj of a part Kazan il, and Safa (Safa-Garai) goods asked Kazan kazanchis to share. Bibarys the son kazanchi Ulan Kulaj - third, and Yapancha - ~ a quarter offered half of possession. But a crowd from 6 thousand Kypchaks was it a little - not all from them managed to receive slujilye or jasachnye possession and to begin though for a while Murzami. Therefore they moved on Alat, anticipating easy capture of the local lands. However betle Tatars y - by concession Mamysh-Birde of several auls - received his help and in the union with his desperate cossacks and a kara-chirmyshes nagolovu defeated Crimean Kypchakov. Wishing to sweeten with the yuldashes (soldiers) bitterness of defeat, Khan asked Yapanchu to increase the size of the donation. Bek this time refused and together with the Islam passed to numbers{lines} of supporters Seid. Both, wishing to smooth down the fault before Yadkar, promised to him to finish with Safa in case of reception of his pardon by them. Seid forgiven bekov, and their people soon poisoned Khan. Having learned about death Safa (Safa-Garai), Yadkar uttered: At will Almighty he born{took out} to himself(himself) the death sentence. But is even faster than his words to us his army - the thousand group of the son Gali Mohammed which immediately occupied mountain reached. Bibarys left in the fortress, and Sardar Crimeans Kuchak joined to Cheremshanians with 4 thousand yuldashes. I personally gone to Kul-Ashraf in Korym-Chally to ask that he put Kazan Ulugbek son Safa (Safa-Garai) and Süünbiki Utjamysh-Garai and transferred authority in il to him povzroslenija Ilchi-bike Süünbika.

Chapter 11. How Süümbika served Kan Kul-Ashraf

Yadkar was very touched with my arrival, having appreciated my trust to him. Having learned about my desire to refuse a title Kazan Seid, taken in force majeure with a view of

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Submission Safa (Safa-Garai) Chally, he told to me: I leave to you this title for decided to reserve only a title menla... It{He} agreed to comply my request and ordered to ratify to me Süünbika with the son on a throne Kazan Ulugbeks...

In 1542 Süümbika kara-muslima Iskandera asked to draw me with it{her}, the daughter and its{her} teacher - ~ widow Atalyka Halimoj. Iskander, drawing before the capture faces of Christian gods, prayed and drawn us so miraculously that I persuaded him to draw the same picture for me. After statement Süünbiki he drawn under its{her} order for Kul-Ashraf Khan the Court with soldiers on a wall and above him - Baradja, month and stars. Among stars I made such inscription:

Let we knows menla and Kan Poison of penalties,

What is gazis Shahri Gazana

Led by Khan, ulanas and mirzami

Without any doubt

Will give the lives

And lives of the wives and children

For that were firm on the ground

Bulgarian state Bulgar - a stronghold of Islam,

Shahri Gazan - stronghold Bulgar,

Laws and customs BulgarianMoslems...

She{It} together with me gone in Cheremshan to thank Yadkar for honor, it{her} rendered. We found menlu in Alabuge where he carried out{spent} celebratory prayer... Usually constrained in display of feelings Kul-Ashraf, having received its{her} gift - figure Iskandera with my verses - come to the strongest excitement and asked about its{her} wishes. Bika on it told that all its{her} dreams come true also she{it} asks Kan only about a pardon of the Ak-Balyk. This pardon menla given immediately, and salchibashy (head sailor) immediately was in Alabugu and brought povinnuü... By his ship Yadkar together with us it was forwarded in Yar Chally where consecrated constructed by the son Inala Vasyla Atna-bek a mosque. Her{it} in people and began to name Atna-djamig... Then we gone to capital. And Kazan - the most favorite my city, therefore I shall allow himself to interrupt here a narration for the brief description of her...

In it{her} three large parts are allocated: Shahri Gazan is that since time Azana made a uniform fortress on Bogyltau, and as internal and external baliks one krashe another...

And in the Kazan wall there are such towers on Bogyltau: Tümen, a Tavern, New Chirmysh, the Mir-Gali, Khan, Elbegen, Top

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Isbel. And all these towers, except for Tümen, Yugarykerman. Before Kabak and Verhneisbel towers joined a wall to tower Chirmysh or Old Chirmysh in the middle, for which, along it{her}, across all Bogyltau, rov Tazik. And nowadays this rov without supervision and poluzasypan...

And from Top Isbelja the wall goes downwards, to Nijneisbel to a tower worth at bott Bogyltau. From this gate she{it} goes to towers Left Kaves, Average Kaves and Right Kaves, from them - to towers Left Ar, Average Ar and Right Ar, from them - to a tower Kan at bott Bogyltau, from it{her} - to the Top Kan on Bogyltau, from it{her} - to Top Nogai on Bogyltau, from it{her} - to Bott Nogai at bott Bogyltau, from it{her} - to tower Korym on the right to coast Bulaka. From this gate the wall goes along the same coast Bulaka to Atalykovoj to a tower, and from it{her} already rises again on Bogyltau to Tümen to a tower.

Tower Su-Manara with two bott stone floors costs{stands} separately from a wall, near to a place of confluence Bulaka in Kazan-su, and is adhered to a wall only by a palings. Inside its{her} key and the wheel adaptation for a raising of his water on the fourth floor of this tower, whence she{it} goes on pipes in Yugary Kerman. And for pipes from a tower in Yugary Kerman is made a underground course on which can pass and people. The big wheel of the device rotates a horse going on a circle inside a tower... And in the top part of the tower which are looking like a minaret, at night make fire for a direction of the ships and boats.

Fire for the ships also plant on towers a kara-idel of island Tazik, Bish-Balty, Tash~Kermana, Alabuga and on others, worth at the rivers. And all these towers refer to also as Ship Fires... And between towers Su-Manara and Atalyk is uram Tashayak, surrounded with a palings adjoining to a wall. And here, among other things, a mosque Tuba, muncha... Dajr, a tavern of merchant Saliha in honor of which one of towers Yugary of Kerman is named KabakSkoj, and the house of Ruses ambassadors.

And on the friend to coast Bulaka, against it uram, fair Tashayak is arranged from spring till autumn of each year. Its{her} place not ukrepleno, here again some houses and taverns with lavkas and hotels... Between Tashayak and a place against Korym a gate settles down balik Kuraish with horse market Djilki, the Hay market and a caravan-sarai Pechen Yorty. And here always stop mainly Nogais and steppe Crimeans why also the gate nearest to him refer to Nogai and Crimean. Here from remarkable, besides already specified, there are mosques Utyz, Basma and Djilki. Balik it is enclosed with shaft and the wooden wall located before him...
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And in Yugary Kerman - Khan a Court adjoining to Khan to a tower, palace Hyp-... Here, near a tower the Mir-Gali, settles down a mosque the Mir-Gali, and near to it{her} - a tomb of Khan Mohammed-Amin Idjima. Before Khan the Court - a small Paradise garden, behind him - the area, and behind it{her} - the big mosque Mohammed - Alam or Kul-Ashraf.

She{It} - two-story and eight-minaret. Bott its{her} circle with two floors - square under the form, top, with one floor - octagonal. And the top circle comes to the end with a beautiful dome as Bulgarian ogo a wreath. On corners of the bott circle are located one-storeyed and polygonal attach with beautiful niches from which roofs four big minarets rise... And on 4 four sides of the second circle four small minarets which are not adjoining to them and not perekryvaemye by the big minarets also are located. The height of them is to half of dome, and the big minarets are higher than a dome height of small minarets. On tips of spikes of a dome and minarets - silver onions{bows} or months the ends upwards, as on fighting banners *. Therefore a mosque, originally named Al-Mohammed, began to call in people Mohammed - Alam. Since 1524 when Seid Yadkar transformed medrese mosques to the house of sciences, her began to name as well Kul-Ashraf. And the house of sciences in a brotherhood named also Mektebi Girfan.. .. And she{it} Is similar on Emir palace Bol container - Kazyi Yorty, but exceeds him in the sizes and is decorated incomparably more is refined. Its{her} eight minarets remind about * g ~ provinces of the state Bulgar, a dome - of authority Seid, months - about absolute power Almighty... If to stand on the area the person to this mosque at the left there will be a beautiful two-storeyed hotel with gallery for shakirds houses of sciences Mohammed - Alamiya, on the right - Seids a Court enclosed, as well as Khan, a beautiful stone fencing.

And in Seids the Court settle down, besides other, mosques Gabdel-Mumin and Polli. And Gülli it was constructed later - so that its{her} wall became a part of a fencing, and one of two minarets of mosque Gabdel-Mumin - its{her} minaret... Süümbika-hatyn ordered to construct for it{her} the minaret behind feature of a fencing, but business

* On fields of the manuscript there is made by Peter Karashevym a figure of mosque Kul-Ashraf and record about it{her}: the Height of the big minarets - to half of main dome, and they is higher than domes small height of small minarets.

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It is not yet over the same as and with construction Khan of a mosque at tower Elbegen...

And behind a mosque Mohammed - Alam, before rv Tazik, the small mosque is given Or Chirmysh-given settles down. As a minaret it{she} is served Old Chirmysh with three-tier tower Yugary of Kerman. And near a tower Top Isbel - a mosque of a small cemetery with a tomb sacred Isbelja...

And in uram Tümen, between rvas Tazik and Ulug, the city City Magistrate Tümen named so still{even} at Gabdel-Mumine - on number suburb court in the beginning settled down. Then, under the request Mohammed-Amin, Seid allowed to transfer Tümen Yorty on a new place - in Sains uram, between rvas Ulug and Sain, and in old Tümene placed parts of board Kazan il - Sain Yorty. Besides here there is mosque Tashbash and an old city cemetery.

In Sains uram, except for Tümena, it is placed Chirmysh the Court which was in Yugary Kerman near old Chirmysh- towers earlier. Chirmysh Yorty knows affairs of protection of city and sei-ds kavesswhich live with families in balik Kaves at Kaves towers and in Echke-Kazane. Here - mosques Sain and Chirmysh...

For Sainovym rv the big Bukhara mosque, management of trading affairs of all power Tazik Yorty, two caravan-sarais settles down Bukhara uram with Buhar Yorty, in which, besides other: one - for Rum inih and the Crimean merchants, and another - for all other Muslim merchants. This court also a fencing. Outside of him is some court notable Bulgarian i); beks and owners. Except for Bukhara here there are mosques Kalgan, Tegin, Ismaildan, Ulan.

Under Bogyltau, with opposite from Bulaka the sides, settle down internal baliks cities...

In balik Kaves, besides other - mosques Kaves, Arslan-Gali, Iskander also is stupid{blunt}.

Around of lakes Akbi-kul, the Hag - kul and Bagcha-kul - balik Akbikul. Here, on lake the Hag - kul - two stone baths - Aydar - muncha and Altyn-muncha. And lakes are connected by channels with prewall rvas and with the Kaban - kulem - on the one hand, and with Kazan-su - to another. Among mosques, Cook, Bagcha, Sary, constructed on donations Bachmana, Aydar, erected, as well as Aydar - muncha, Kyzyl, Three-copecks piece are allocated for means bek Aydar Kül...

And to Left Ar to a tower the Kara-Muslim, differently named Ruses for here live a kara-muslimy - Ruses adjoins balik,

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Accepted Islam, and their descendants... And them in the beginning lodged behind a wall, on coast Kazan-su but after they beaten off attempt Djurgi to land in that place, Gabdel-Mumin allowed them to occupy this balik. And they began to name a former place Old City...

Among a kara-muslims many good smiths, gunmakers, potters, shipbuilders and they are very good-natured and strong, and character are similar on natural Bulgar. They are clean, as against infidels, and very tidy. In them balik - mosques Kan - Buljak, Kaen, Ak-Kaen, Kuduk, Hyzyr-Ilyas. They management on affairs of all Bulgar Urus origins - Kara-Muslim Yorty which prosecutes also subjects of the repayment Urus captives. And that from captured who will want to enter in a kara-muslim a community, is redeemed and accepts Islam. In total Kazan a kara-muslims now total three thousand, and all Bulgar-kara-muslims - 30 thousand...

To Ar to a gate adjoins Ar balik where the majority is made by descendants of immigrants from Bolgar. And here, besides other - mosques Timer *, Bakyr, Baryndjar, Suvar, Cuba, Khoresm - as in Bolgar...

At the Kaban - kulja is balik Kasim, consisting of five Urs - mov: Kasim, Gurdji, Djuketau, Amet and Sultan. And in Kasime - mosque Kasim, in Djuketau - mosques Kaban and Imen, and in Amete - mosque Boyan, in Sultan - a mosque Sultan. In total in city of 82 mosques.

In Gurdji - church . Mainly descendants Bulgarian gurdjijshere live, and they name the church the same as there - in honor Lachyna Hisami. Most further suburbs from a wall .nahoditsja balik Bish-Balta. Between him and internal city which he is more senior for hundred years, - Kozy a meadow, and near to him - the big Berry wood. We approach to him only court. Overseas are put on parking at island Tazik, and cargoes from them on the Kazan coast transport by boats for a corresponding payment bishbal-tins. They transport cargoes from Bish-Balty to a fortress by boats and carts.

Between pier and balik the small grove hiding him. Exhausted accidently infidels, bishbaltins allowed to put directly behind a palings suburb small wooden church with five kupolkami. A number{line} had was arranged Ruses Christian cemetery. To tell the truth, to call to church it was authorized only in case of an attack of enemies. From that time Ruses during the attacks did not touch balik. Bishbaltinsnot time asked, as it they reached before. On it bishbaltins, glorified by the sharp language, otvecha-

* On fields - P.Karasheva's record: Timer Kapka. 288

Whether: let Better rings, than burns. They entered into the balik from the opposite side from church that there was no sin.

At me as the priest served Shimbaj, to him - his father Djabrail, to him - his grandfather Barys given together with Aydar. And Barys his descendants who were trained in this during attacks Uruses were real zvonarem, as well as. They called so that sometimes infidels in amazement stopped at balik and their attack lost suddenness. zvon alarms perfectly distinguished this chirmyshes in sentries, and soldiers had time to be made to reflection of attacks of the enemy...

In balik there was earlier one mosque - Points. But after constructed five-dome church, vozrevnovavshy balikbashy Kama - Yakub erected big five-minaret mosque Yusuf. Bishbaltins named her, however, in own way - Bish-Barmaü...

That year Ulubiy Ismail defeated into limits of Bulgarian state and beaten out brother Yusuf from Kargaly where to that allowed letovat. Atna with two thousand djigits immediately gone on a place of incident and beaten out Ismaila, becoming{beginning} known under nickname Kargalyj. Thus bek for the sake of Süümbiki spared Nogais and allowed them to leave for Djaik though could put all of them. Süümbika, having learned about it, presented him... tafsir the Koran, and his wife - the ornaments... And Ak~Balyk, happy the pardon extracted to him menly, constructed for it{her} the wonderful ship... With a glass small house in the middle from which she{it} could look in all four sides...

By the ships salchibashy (head sailor) we returned to Kazan where Süümbika the heavy board ilem expected. In spite of the fact that Yadkar appointed Kuchaka Sardar Kazan alai (garrison), 5 thousand Crimean and Azak yuldashes not returned on service kanu and left in Alat. Due to this forces betle Tatars increased to 15 thousand, and they even more become stronger in hope to seize Kazan ilem with the help Uruses and after that to receive balsh citizenship and an ancestral lands. These infidels Kypchaks, predvoditelstvuemye silly, but rather ambitious Mametom, seized the north Mountain Bulgaria and offered the Islam the union against Galikai. Igenchei-insurgents only burdened Simbir Ulugbek, not bringing him of any income, therefore the Islam willingly come in arrangement to the Tatar rebels and together with them superseded Galikai from Mountain Bulgaria. Mamysh-Birde it helped insurgents to be crossed to the the left coast the Kara-Idel, assuming in the future to use them in the purposes... Betle Tatars were captured with horror, but Mamet, by advice{council} Kamaja-mur-zy, issued firman about destruction kazanchis an ancestral lands in Arsk il and about their transfer igenchejam, and Galikai directed to Echke-Kazan

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Past Alata. Insurgents again occupied Archu and for a long time held down ar- kazanchis...

Having received domination in the Kazan silt, Alats occupied ancestral lands Yapanchi, Bibarysa and others hostile to them kazanchis and, at last, besieged Kazan. A son of Shehid-Ulan Kildibek, already thinking himself the first Ruses Boyar led forces Mamet... When the mean crowd betle Tatars appeared in a kind of city, Tümen Yorty reeled and found out desire to hand over city to rebels. One thousand Kazan streltss and three thousand Crimean yuldashes, sent towards Alat to thieves, was defeated owing to change of their military leader Ak-Mohammed and two sons Kuchaka...

All strels was killed either in fight, or in a captivity, and yuldashes came over to of the side betle Tatars. We remained only with thousand Cheremshansbek Mohammed, thousand yuldashes ulana Kuchaka and three thousand kavestss. Confused Süünbika come to gate Seidova of the Court and fallen before them nits... I, vyjdja, lifted her and given it{her} the petition for talent of will and the ground Kazan kazanchis and murzas igenchejam and about equalizing of the rights tazikbashes (apparently, City Hall leaders) and fine owners. Cheered up Bika immediately ordered to issue the decree on behalf of the son, begin words: This word Kazan Ulugbek Khan Utjamysh-Garai to true Kazan igenchejam and to fine owners. We were reached with news about oppressions with which exhausted you ulans and murzy. And Seid Bu-Yurgan Mohammed - Gali submitted to us the petition for clearing of you from oppressions according to laws sacred Seid. And I decided - under the petition Seid and from the sanction menly Kul-Ashraf - to welcome you, true mine: fine owners - the equation in the rights with the big owners, igencheis - freed and the lands pritesnitelej yours and entering into categories according to your choice. Come to us - and you receive from us written decrees about it...

As I also expected, true to us fine masters quickly overthrown tazikbashes (apparently, City Hall leaders) old City council and headed new Tümen, and Galikai immediately declared himself our ally and gone to Kazan, acquiring on a way crowds rising igencheis - a kara-chir-myshes and kazanchis kurmyshes. He managed to borrow{occupy} fortress Biektau, and betle Tatars y was forced to be removed from Kazan. Being afraid of strike Ar kazanchis, released{exempted} from presence of a significant part of insurgents, Alats caused to the aid Ruses armies. They appeared in the winter, dragging for themselves huge guns. Them made for BalynsAlman the master on a sample of large cannons Biktimera and his sons. These instruments could shoot cannon ball knee-deep and at a belt{zone} to the adult person, and Moscow Ulubiy Iban by nickname Alasha hoped from them

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The help to break Kazan suburb a wall... 130 thousand Ruses moved to Kazan on ice the Kara-Idel and the road Djun, encouraged by promises Alat thieves to take city fr the shy woman from the first shot, as pity village... Mamysh-Birde, true menle, forced Balynsto hesitate for a time a little in the confidence. His{its} 4 thousand Ar chirmyshes with wild cries attacked the main Ruses transport carrying on ice the biggest guns. 12 thousand infidels was put on a place within two hours of fight. The others, seeing the distress, defeated ice and drowned the cannons in the river...

However Alats assured confused Ulubiy in absence at Kazanians of the big forces, and Ruses nevertheless came to Kazan and begun strong bombardment of city. During him at Big Tarasa BulAk- walls were lost my dear friends - son Safa Gazi-Garai and Crimean ambassador Arslan Chelebi... Mother Gazi - Sufija - was the daughter of the sister Anchij Batu..., pereshedshego on service to Bulgarian state, and one of descendants of the last Urus bek Bashtu the Tribute - lja... She{It} was redeemed from a captivity in Bagcha-Bolgar by our ambassadors among which there was its{her} cousin... Safa (Safa-Garai), former then in Crimea, helped this... Gazi did not test any interest to state affairs, but it was willingly taught{learnt} at me stihoslojeniü, and at Iskandera - to drawing and helped me in the description of Kazan. Under influence of my stories, he wanted to go the ambassador to Persia - but only only behind being improved in stihoslojenii.. .. Safa (Safa-Garai) suspected the clever son of intention to grasp a post Ulugbek and, aspiring to frighten him, executed tutor Bajbek loved{liked} by him... In me every day all sound words young Gazi which he devoted memories of the kind old man, the philosopher and the fan{amateur} stihoslojenija Bajbek more strongly:

Unless it is possible to love this world, knowing, What you at the o'clock will leave him? You are better to concern to this life, as to dream, After which, at will Almighty, probudishsja for the real pleasure...

After bombardment which, appear, could wake and dead, Ruses - with obsession inherent in them - polezli on walls. Captured Balyns then told that Alman yuldashes Alashi closed eyes to not see a terrible picture bloody Balyn an attack. It was necessary to our 5 thousand soldiers very difficultly and when Crimean yuldashes suddenly trembled and left to the enemy part Ar of a wall, the terrible panic began. Süün-

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bika run in to me with an awful call for help, having disdained all customs. Then I left to it{her} in a military amour and words that we protect in city not ourselves, and the Islamic belief, authority men-ly and its{her} son, revived. Then I forced her to dress alpar- (knightly) amour, to take in hands a sabre and the Kazan banner and led with myself to a place of enemy break. On a wall already were Ruses, but kavess and militiamen, having seen us, were encouraged and brought down infidels from it{her}. We began on it{her}, and were immovable even then when Uruses again polezli on a wall and hardly any more there were no we hands. Now, however, in people there was no already a confusion. Many wives and daughters of fine owners and kavessdressed, by an example biki, an amour, and together with the fathers, brothers and husbands rushed to fight. During this moment came Cheremshans Atny with the insurgents who adjoined them and strike from Ar woods forced the opponent to stop an attack. At us fallen one and a half thousand streltss and militiamen, 300 Cheremshanians, ^500 Crimeans and 2 thousand simple lüda. At infidels - 30 thousand soldiers. At Ar towers corpses Balynslaid almost level with a wall on all space from a wall to a tavern of merchant Shahidully, former in front of the bridge for moat... But it was most unpleasant for Alashi that 5 thousand mo-djar Bulgar from group the Shakh-Gali joined to Atne, having doubled his forces, and those, having lost 15 thousand more infantrymen, began to depart hasty. At their this flight Atna did not lag behind them on a step and compelled to throw or drown all instruments. Transports also got tireless Yar-Challyians owing to what 23 thousand Ruses, weakened from famine, wounds and illnesses, was thrown by the on a way and frozen...

And this victory was in nauruz, or kargatuj as children and adults name him in simple people, both, seeing leaving{care} Ruses, in delight fled up a wall and shouted and swung hands in imitation rooks...

On this holiday on majdanah kindled fires and on them in boilers cooked barley porridge and meat. In the evening young concluded arrangements, and the guy - as a token of the consent - ate meat, and the girl - porridge. In the morning the girl if she{it} not decided not, also ate meat... Prepared as well for beer, both honey, and young at a meeting with native and familiar and at detour of their houses executed songs with wishes of happiness in new year. Owners thus should give gifts to children and youth for jadnichavshih this day every possible disasters waited in the future... And the same occured and on a holiday Nardugan which came to the end with that people crowd left on a place of Old City and built here of a snow and ice a wall. On majdan, surrounded with this wall and nazyvae-

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myj City, put elective tsar with a doll of tsar and him djur (heavily armed knights) and storm took fortress. Thus fervently fought - but only fists and without rage so there were only bruises... Conquerors of City reached through numbers{lines} djur tsar, snatched out from his hands a doll and solemnly hung up her on a high tree or a column with cries: your term terminated! [...] Then all selected new tsar and spoke him: our empire free, and we elect tsar at the will, and are free to serve him whether or not, and in bondage to live we not got used. And your empire is rich and profitable, and the income your big - so do not offend orphans and widows, do not take away the last from poor men, be the kind, fair and fair governor - differently we shall break off you, as your throne carpet! With these words present broke off a carpet on fine slices and carried away with himself fortunately...

Speak, earlier something similar arranged and in djien, but instructors achieved from devout carry of it igrishcha in the second part Nardugana, not connected with general prayer...

So on nauruz this war which people therefore began to name Nauruz ended...

After leaving{care} Ruses betle Tatars y again fled in Alat, and our armies weakened by losses, could not then to pursue them. Only Galikai directed in a trace, beaten from 5 thousand kazanchis, yuldashes and murzas and it was victoriously forwarded through the Kara-Idel on the Mountain side. Encouraged by it serbij kurmyshi and Ar a kara-chirmyshes, let alone our pagans, joined him, and war captured all Mountain Bulgaria from Saratau to, Tau-Kerman...

In 1551, driven to despair Ismail written menle that if his armies will not suppress revolt he will be forced to search for protection in Alate. Position Yadkar was inconvenient. On the one hand, he sympathized Galikaü, wished igenchejam a victory over the torturers and an establishment in three western ils Bulgar kind Cheremshan orders. On the other hand, he did not wish to push away from himself(himself) and kazanchis for without their support Kazan would become extraction Ruses. Spring events when Simbirs joined to Alatians shown it and allowed infidels to burn out a part external baliks Kazan and to construct on the Kara-Idel, on a place of ours balik Churtan, the fortress. This Pike with a 20 thousand-strong army kjafirs began to threaten us, the gudgeons squeezed, besides it, siege Alat thieves and the renewed war with new Nogais Ismail. Ruses possible to break away serbij insurgents from Galikai, having promised them{him;it} freedom. Confirming it Alasha written the corresponding letter, in

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With which named serbijssubash people - Chuvash in Ruses, and commanders fortresses gave them some sum Balyn money. Pleased serbijs all people departed from Galikai, and to that, appeared between Churtanom, Chuvashs and kazanchis Sim-bira, the Kara-Idel was necessary to leave on the left coast and again to be dug round in New Arche.

To all troubles which fallen on our head, the destruction of fleet increased. Eternally varying Ak-Balyk given in to flattery Alat- thieves from fear to appear a victim ashrafid civil strifes and agreed to not prevent Ruses under condition of them nenapadenija ~na him salchis. However Ruses fleet, podojdja to island Tazik and Bish-Balte, first of all perfidiously seized and sunk not ready to fight Bulgarian ie the ships. The Ak-Balyk thus escaped, but was seized several saved salchijas and sunk by them... Due to this perfidious route Ruses fleet began to dominate on the rivers of Bulgarian state and to suppress all attempts of ours to create a little significant flotilla...

To hesitate it was impossible more and it was not meaningful, therefore Yadkar ordered Süünbika to leave{abandon} together with the son Kazan and entered in the Kazan il direct Kan board. The viceroys menla appointed devoted to him Kuchaka... Süünbika refused to obey the order Kan and it was taken Kuchak under the guard. To Kazan it was directed with 8 thousand-strong Cheremshan army Yadkar Yapancha, but into ways was suddenly attacked and defeated Galikaem and adjoined to him - with thousand group - Bibarys. In this skirmish fallen from a horse and was vainly crushed aged Bashkort Ulugbek - son Said-Ahmed Begish. Nogai Ulubiy Ismail immediately seized province Bashkort, having expelled from this il son Begisha Alzjam-Birde. Attempt Yadkar to strengthen the position in Kazan, thus, was defeated, and encouraged Alats again moved to city. Their effort was supported ba-lyn by group from 300 Ruses and 700 Chuvashs. Rebels became three stanas on Kozjem to a meadow, but Kuchak pulled out from Shahri Gazana some easy cannons at night and on a dawn struck from them on them. The enemy in horror rushed to run, but to escape it was possible only horse Alatians. Ruses and Chuvash infantrymen fled more slowly and everyone was crushed by Mohammed... After that from Biektau to Kazan directed Galikai with Bibarysom, took in head to release{exempt} Süünbika with the son. The poor loved{liked} take up and tsu-bika and named her Süümbikoj, opened a gate internal estates and together with insurgents including in city rushed in Shahri Ga-zan. Budish not dared to strike on them from instruments, and insurgents defeated to jail Süünbiki - Khan to the Court. I, uda-

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Flowing as a token of discontent with arrest biki in türbe the father, heard already triumphing cries igencheis absolutely beside. But not knowing feeling of fear Kuchak coolly ordered Baigara to shoot from the cannons put in a gate of a court, and their cannon ball forced insurgents to clear city. Disturbed with this invasion Kuchak and Moham-honey informed Yadkar on a distress of Kazan, and menla ordered Kuchaku to take out from city family of Khan, me and all values...

Mamysh-Birde arranged own pritvornoe approach to Kazan to constrain new approach Alat thieves, and due to this covering Mohammed safely left with a transport of valuable things in Korym-Chally. Kuchak moved a trace when already Alats, having got to the core of cunning Mamysh-Birde, defeated through his numbers{lines} Chirmyshes to Kozjemu to a meadow... I told ulanu what to take out Khan family from city in such conditions ri and that if he will try to make it I shall call to the aid Kazan lüd. The poor already gathered crowds and fall asleep reproaches, insults and threats leaving Kan groups. Kuchaku it would not be desirable to create vainly to himself an obstacle at all, and he, given us up as a bad job, promptly left for Mohammed...

End of Mokhammedyar Bu-Yurgan "Kazan Tarihi" record

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