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Swadesh List - Sumerian

Links - Ссылки

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swadesh_list
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Swadesh_lists
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Swadesh_lists_for_Turkic_languages
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Turkish_Swadesh_list

Posting Introduction

This Sumerian Swadesh list is an extension of O.Suleymenov's listings of Trkic-Sumerian cognates, see Subchapter "60 Words".
Swadesh List - Sumerian

In the Association (Ass.) column are used designations: T - Trkic, P - Persian, N - Nakh, IE - Indo-European, "-" - Unknown association, "?" - no entry. Links in the table lead to the Wikipedia pages. The Wikipedia's Trkic lexicon is complemented by entries from the Old Trkic Dictionary, 1969, Leningrad, Science. The comparison should be taken as a rough assessment requiring much closer examination of the phonetical resemblance and etymological origin of the lexemes.

key chetowr хuyssyn khabidan/deraz kishidan badyn neshastan luuyn istadan/ pa shodan yakh zadan
No. English Sumerian 1 Sumerian 2 Ass. Bashkir Bashkorcha Turkic Trkche O.Suleymenov Hungarian  
1 I (me) ME   T min men MEN (BEN, BIN, MÄN, BÄN) I    
2 you (thou) ZE   T hin sen (inform), siz (formal) SEN (SÄN, SIN) you    
3 he       ul ol      
4 we       bez biz      
5 you (pl.)       hez siz      
6 they       ular onlar      
7 this       byl bu, obu, oul      
8 that ANE (ENE)   T tege tege, shu, ol, oul, ul ÄNE (ÄNÄ, ANAU) demonstrative pronoun "that"    
9 here       bynda burada, murada      
10 there       tegende shurada, orada, anta      
11 who       kem kim (interrogative)      
12 what       nime ne (interrogative)      
13 where       kaiza nerede (no movement, interrogative)      
14 when       kasan ne zaman (interrogative), erkn       
15 how       nisek nasıl (interrogative), kebi, qalt, teg      
16 not       tgel değil (separate word); -ma-, -me- (infix inserted within the verb), -ma-/-m-, aŋ,      
17 all       bte btn, hepsi, alqu      
18 many       kp chok, arqan, arqun, bunča, munča, bt, tekm, kil      
19 some       ber nise birkach, bazı      
20 few       az az      
21 other       bashka bashka, diğer, adn, adnaɣu, adnaɣu, аδnaɣu, adnsɣ, adruq, aduruq, ajruq, aδruq, amar, digar, ikinči, ikindi, ŋi, ŋin, zga,      
22 one       ber bir      
23 two       ike iki      
24 three USH     s ch      
25 four       drt drt      
26 five       bish besh      
27 big       zur, bik byk      
28 long UZUK     ozon uzun, ekn      
29 wide KEN     kin genish      
30 thick       kalyn kalın      
31 heavy       auyr ağır, ačɣ, aɣr      
32 small ISH     belekei, kese kchk, bič, kičig, kičg, uaq, uvaq      
33 short       kychka kısa, qrt, qsɣa/qsqa      
34 narrow       tar dar      
35 thin       nezek ince, taytur, ylmq, yuyqa, yupqa, yuqa, yuvɣa, yuvqa      
36 woman       katyn kadın, katyn, ebchi, evlig, evlg, evlik, evlk, qz, tishi, uraɣut, uzun      
37 man (adult male)       ir adam, er/ir/ar, ern, erkk      
38 man (human)       adam, keshe, ezem adam, kishi, insan      
39 child AMAR DUMU T bala chocuk, bala, kenč, oglan/oɣlan, ogul/oɣul МАLА, BALA, PALA
TU'M a birth; making offsprings (common Trkic); TUMA child; descendancy; generation (common Trkic)
   
40 wife       katyn karı, katyn,  ebči/evči,  evlg/evlk, , evlig/evlk, isi, yeŋga, kis/kisi/kishi      
41 husband       ir koca, beg/beg, er/ir, ern, erkk      
42 mother AMA   T ese anne, ana, aba, apa, g, uma AMA (ABA, APA, AHA) mother (common Türkic)    
43 father ADA   T ata baba, ata, ded, hata, ata, aju, qaŋ ATA father (common Türkic)    
44 animal       ienlek, хaiuan hayvan, ienlek, хaiuan, janvar      
45 fish       balyk balık      
46 bird       kosh kush      
47 dog       et kpek, it      
48 louse       bet bit, sunz      
49 snake       iylan yılan, bk, maɣa      
50 worm       kort solucan, kurt      
51 tree GISH   T agas ağach, agas, yɣač. ɣač, sğt EGISH (EGIS, ÄGÄSH) cultured plant    
52 forest       urman orman/urman, arɣ, bk,      
53 stick       botak, sybyk chubuk, değnek      
54 fruit       emesh meyve      
55 seed       orlok tohum, uruɣ, čigit      
56 leaf       yaprak yaprak, yaprɣaq, yalbrɣaq      
57 root       tamyr kk, yldz, tz, tp      
58 bark (tree)       kaiyr, kabyk kabuk      
59 flower       seske chichek      
60 grass       len ot, len      
61 rope       bau ip, halat, bau      
62 skin       tire deri, qrt, qoɣu, quyqa, saɣr, teri      
63 meat       it et      
64 blood       kan kan      
65 bone       hiek kemik, sŋk      
66 fat (n.)       mai yağ, yaɣ, yaqr, yn, čır, z, qazi, vir      
67 egg       iomortka yumurta, yumurqa      
68 horn       mgz boynuz, mgz, myz, miŋiz, mŋz      
69 tail       koirok kuyruk, qudruq      
70 feather       kauryi ty, yk, yŋ, tezik      
71 hair       ses sach, tg      
72 head       bash bash, kafa, tp      
73 ear GESHTUK   T kolak kulak ESHTUK that which is listening    
74 eye       kz gz, qaraq      
75 nose       tanau burun      
76 mouth       auyz ağız, aɣaz      
77 tooth       tesh dish, azɣ, tish      
78 tongue (organ)       tel dil, til,      
79 fingernail       tyrnak tırnak, tŋraq, traŋaq. trŋaq      
80 foot       ayak ayak/ayaq, adaq/aδaq, ataq, azaq      
81 leg       bot bacak, bot, ayak/ayaq, adaq/aδaq, ataq, azaq      
82 knee       tubyk diz, tiz      
83 hand SHU   T kul el, aya, adut, aδut, avuč, avut, tutam, tutča, tutum USH (US, UUSH, UUS) a fistful (common Türkic)    
84 wing       kanat kanat, uch      
85 belly       korhak karın      
86 guts       esek bağırsak      
87 neck       muiyn boyun, boyn,      
88 back       arka arka, sırt      
89 breast       kkrek gğs      
90 heart       irek yrek, kalp, kŋl, baɣr      
91 liver       bauyr karaciğer, baɣr      
92 to drink       ese ich      
93 to eat       ashau ye, asa, aa, ala,      
94 to bite       teshle ısır, tisl      
95 to suck       ime em      
96 to spit       tkr tkr      
97 to vomit       kochou kus      
98 to blow       r fle, r, es, esn, tpir, r      
99 to breathe       tyn alyu nefes almak, soluk al, ahla, yn, yaqur,      
100 to laugh       kl gl/kl, qatɣur, qatur,      
101 to see       kre gr, kr      
102 to hear       ishete ishit, eid, esit, tŋla      
103 to know       bele bil, tan      
104 to think       uilau dshn      
105 to smell       echke kokla, echke, isl, bur, jd/jδ, qoq, vis, sasi      
106 to fear       kurkyu kork, ajn, gorg/gӧrg/ɣort/ qorq/qoruq      
107 to sleep       ioklau uyu, ud/uδ,      
108 to live       ieshe yasha, jlla, sr, tir, tiril, tur      
109 to die       le l, bar, keč, uč      
110 to kill       ltere ldr, arta, ltr, lr      
111 to fight       hugyshyu dvsh, čal, kr, qarqlan      
112 to hunt       aulau av, aulau, avla, saɣr      
113 to hit       hugyu vur, artla, badar, chal, kckl, ps, qaq, sal, soq, toq/toqu, ur      
114 to cut       kiche kes, bch, yamur, qy, tanchula, toɣra,      
115 to split       yaryu yar, adar/adr, bch, bl, bugra/воgra      
116 to stab       sense, kazau bıchakla, bgdal, sanch, chekn, kazau      
117 to scratch       tyrnau kashı/кichi/qash, emri, qurtan      
118 to dig       kazyu kaz/qaz      
119 to swim       iz yz, čap      
120 to fly       osou uch      
121 to walk       atlau yr, bar, yor,      
122 to come       kile gel, kel, yetil, kir,      
123 to lie (in bed)       yatyu leṭna, yat,      
124 to sit TUSH (SHUSH)   T ultyryu baiṭhna, atlan, bin, mn, yɣrl, oldur, oltur, olur, orna, tuɣraɣlan TÜSH (TÜS) descend (common Türkic)    
125 to stand       torou khaṛa hona, tur      
126 to turn (intransitive)       borolou borolou, dn/tn, emit, evr/evir/evrl, qay/qayt/qav, qatrt, qajt, tevir, tr, yzln      
127 to fall       tsh čk/čaq/čoq, ek, yaɣ/yaɣu/yaq/yavu, dsh, qaml/qamul, tay, ts, uč      
128 to give       bire ver, ber, tapčur, tapsur, tapu      
129 to hold       totou tut      
130 to squeeze       kychyu sık, boɣ, jigtr, qar, qavur/qavr, qs, tart, tolɣa      
131 to rub       yshkyu qabar, jaq, kinla, kikchr, srt, trt, uvun      
132 to wash       iyuyu yıka, yu, čun, suqn/suqun,      
133 to wipe       hrt sil/sili, yоd/yoδ/yоt,      
134 to pull       tartyu chek, chuj, yet, tart, tart, uzat      
135 to push       ete it, talq, tul      
136 to throw       tashlau at, chal, kemish, sal, tashla,      
137 to tie       beile bağla/baɣla, atqan, chek/chɣ/choɣ, kis, rkla, tg,      
138 to sew       tege dik, yeδ, kbi, tefchit/tevchi, tik      
139 to count       hanau say, sa/san/sana, hana,      
140 to say       eite de, te, ay, ay- te-, ayt, aɣzan, sayra, sandr. sanr, savla, szla, tilda      
141 to sing       iyrlau sharkı syle, et/ot, rla/yrla/yurla, kogla/kglan, sayra, sаma/sma      
142 to play       uinau oyna, atz      
143 to float       iz dalgalan, chap, salla, yz      
144 to flow       agyu ak/ag, jadl/jajl, ygr, savruq      
145 to freeze       sh don (intransitive), dondur (transitive), bud/buδ, buduɣ/buδuɣ, s      
146 to swell       sheshe shish, yelna, qabar,  shshl      
147 sun UD     koyash gnesh, yaiq      
148 moon       ai a, ay,      
149 star AN     iondoz yıldız      
150 water       hyu su      
151 rain       yauyu yağmur      
152 river       iylga ır, arg/arɣ/ark, aqg/aqɣ/aqm/aqn, aqmaq,  darya, iti/idel/iylga, kelgiz, munduz, mran, gz/kz, su/shu/sub/suv/suɣ/chai, talay, tamga/tamɣa, yuvar      
153 lake       kl gl/kl/kl, klman, teŋ      
154 sea       dingez deniz      
155 salt       toz tuz      
156 stone       tash tash, ir      
157 sand SAKAR ISHI T kom kum, qayr CHAKYR sand, tiny pebbles (Türksh)
CHAKA sand (Chagatai)
   
158 dust SAKAR ISHI T san, tuzan qoq, san, tuprak/topraq, toz/tuz/tog/toɣ, CHAKYR sand, tiny pebbles (Türksh)
CHAKA sand (Chagatai)
   
159 earth KIR   T tuprak yer KIR mud; clay (common Türkic)
YIR (YER, PAR, JER, DJER, ZER, DER) earth
   
160 cloud       bolot bulut      
161 fog       toman sis, toman/tuman/tmn,      
162 sky AN DINGIR (DEMER)   kk gk/kk/kk, qalq/xalq, tŋri,      
163 wind       el rzgr, yel, esin, tntura, tŋr, tpi      
164 snow       kar kar/qar/qaɣar      
165 ice       boz boz/buz/muz      
166 smoke       ttn duman, ttn      
167 fire UD     ut od, atesh, rt, art, čoɣ, yaln      
168 ash ISHI     kl kl      
169 to burn       yanyu yak/yan, ylt, ky/kn/kon, ӧpl, rta      
170 road       l yol, oruq      
171 mountain KUR   T tau dağ, art, tag, taɣ, tau KYR mountain ridge; mountain plateau (common Türkic)    
172 red       kyzyl kızıl, kırmızı, al,      
173 green       ieshel yeshil, ya      
174 yellow       hary sarı, etrak, quba      
175 white       ak ak, beyaz, yrŋ, urg      
176 black GIG   T kara kara, siyah GÜIÜK (KÜIÜK) soot    
177 night       tn gece, keč,      
178 day UD     kn gn/kn, gndz      
179 year       iyl yıl, sene, ja      
180 warm       iyly sıcak, ylɣ, emik, isig, sɣ, lɣ,      
181 cold       hyuyk soğuk, salqm, sоɣuq, soɣq, don, ton, ik      
182 full       tuly dolu, toi, tolu, pr, qalsz, qamu, qamɣ, tkal      
183 new       yany yeni      
184 old       ichke eski (non-living things), yashlı (living things)      
185 good       yakshy iyi, edg/eδg/eyg, kushal, yaxs/yaqs/yakshy/yeg, nik, saɣ      
186 bad       nasar, yaman kt, alɣ, aman, anɣ, bat, bd, tas, yabz, yafuz, yavz, yavuz, yablaq, yavlaq, yaman      
187 rotten       serek bl, boɣdm, chrk/serek, artaq/ardaq/artaɣ, erk, kg, kviz, yunchɣ,      
188 dirty       bysrak arɣsz, boɣdam, bysrak, kirli, pis,      
189 straight       tura dz, rast, tikim, toɣr/toɣru/torqu/tort, tura      
190 round       iomoro, tnerek yuvarlak, toparlak, yap, yumɣaq, oqlaɣu, tegirm, tegirmi, ulnčɣ      
191 sharp (knife)       tker keskin, yiti, svr      
192 dull (knife)       tmech kr, таɣl      
193 smooth       shyma dzgn, przsz, shyma/sɣan, uvlaŋ, tzdm, saŋ, yap, yasul      
194 wet       dymly ıslak      
195 dry       koro kuru, arut, urut, qaq, qur, quruq      
196 correct       drch doğru/drch, chn, kni, oŋ, rast, savab/sbab, tetr, toɣr/toɣru/torqu/tort, tzk      
197 near       yakyn yakın, yaɣru, yaɣuru, yavuq, yaɣq       
198 far       alych, iyrak uzak, raq      
199 right       un sağ, oŋ/ŋ, ogdun/ogtun/oŋdn, oŋdnq, oŋqlan      
200 left       hul sol, choŋ, oŋ      
201 at         -da/ta, -de, -a, -e,      
202 in         -da/ta, -de, qat, ichinde, icherisinde      
203 with       menen ile, ile beraber, bil/biln/birl, menen      
204 and       hem ve, hem, u, ulat      
205 if       eger abam/abaŋ, birk, eger/eğer ... ise, -sa, -se, xai      
206 because       snki chnk      
207 name       isem ad, isim, at, ajaɣ,      
 
 
Home
Back
In Russian (Later)
Contents Trkic languages
Datelines
Sources
Roots
Tamgas
Alphabet
Writing
Language
Genetics
Geography
Archeology
Religion
Coins
Wikipedia
Classification of Trkic languages
Language Types
Lingo-Ethnical Tree
IE, Arians, Dravidian, and Rigveda
Scythian Ethnic Affiliation
V.I.Abaev: girdle of Scytho-Iranian theory
Ogur and Oguz
Trkic and European in Neo- & Mesolith
Trkic in Romance
Trkic in Greek
Trkic-Etruscan
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline
11/28/2012
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