Home
Back
In Russian
Contents Scythians
Contents Huns
Contents Tele
Sources
Roots
Tamgas
Alphabet
Writing
Language
Genetics
Geography
Archeology
Religion
Coins
Datelines
Ogur and Oguz
Kurgan Culture
Genetics: Lingo-Ethnical Tree
Genetics: Blood Types
Ethnic Affiliation Scythians
Scythians and their descendents
Ephthalite Dateline
Russian Version needs a translation
Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline

CIMMERIANS

Tamga Not Known

Cimmerian, Cimvri, Cimbri, Cymro (Welsh), Cimers, Cimblers, Cimri, Κίμβροι, Κύμβροι, Gomer, Homer, Qomer, Gomorrah, Homorrah, Qomorrah, nomadic Scythians, and other variations. Behistun inscription calls Cimmerians Saka/Scythians.

Subdivisions and ethnic affiliates
Not Known

Etymology: speculations abound,

                     
                     
 
DATELINE
Time Events
1200 BC Cimmerians mentioned in Homer's Oddysey (11.14), maybe about ca 1250 BC
1000 ca. 1000 to 700 BC - Cimmerians in Thrace
950 9th or 8th century BC - Homer mentioned Cimmerians living on shores of Oceanus at edge of known world, maybe northern shores of Black Sea
900 ca 900-650 - Cimmerians maybe associated with the pre-Scythian Chernogorovka and Novocherkassk cultures
800 8th century BC, Herodotus: Cimmerians in today's Ukraine north of Black Sea. They fled advancing Scythians and moved south across Caucasus. They ended up in today's Azerbaijan within Mannae state
721 721-715 BC Sargon II mentions Gamirr land near Urartu. Sennacherib mentions a land of Gamirr near Urartu
714 First historical record of Cimmerians called Gimirri in Assyrian annals in today's Azerbaijan, Cimmerians invaded Assyrian lands from so far north. Cimmerians helped Assyrian king Sargon II defeat kingdom of Urartu. Their homeland, called Gamir or Uishdish, is located in Mannae state N. of Assyria
714 714-626 BC - Brief period of exiting activity. Cimmerians kill Assyrian king in battle, sack and destroy Phrygia and Lydia
714 Suicide of Rusas I of Urartu, after defeat by both the Assyrians and Cimmerians
705 Cimmerians rebelled against Sargon II of Assyria, Sargon ventures on expedition against Kulummu, and died in battle against them. Cimmerians extended eastward from Mannae through Mede settlements in Zagros, and then south to Elam
700 Scythians displace Cimmerians from Crimea, Cimmerians came to the region around lake Van
700 Scythians invade Thrace
696 696-695 - Cimmerians ravage and conquer Phrygia, prompting Phrygian king Midas to take poison rather than face capture. Cimmerians sack Gordium
695 Cimmerians destroyed Phrygia. King Midas died
679 679/678 Gimirri under a ruler called Teushpa invade Assyria from Hubuschna (Cappadocia?). Esarhaddon of Assyria defeats them in battle
679 679/678 - Cimmerians under their king Teushpa invade and attack Cilicia and Tabal. Assyrian king Esarhaddon defeats Cimmerians in battle near Hubushna (Cappadocia ?)
676 676-674 Cimmerians invade and destroy Phrygia, and reach Paphlagonia
654 654 or 652 Cimmerians attack the kingdom of Lydia, sack of Sardis. King Gyges of Lydia dies in battle against Cimmerians.; Cimmerians and Thracian Treres plunder Ionian Greek colonies in western Asia Minor, Greek poets Callinus and Archilochus recorded fear inspired in Ionian Greek colonies
644 Cimmerians return to Lydia and capture and occupy Sardis (except citadel) during reign of Gyges' son Ardys II. Cimmerian withdraw soon afterwards, possibly due to outbreak of plague
634 Scythians invaders in Thrace conquer Cimmerians
637 637-626 Cimmerians beaten back and defeated by Alyattes II of Lydia, marking effective end of Cimmerian power. They do not appear again in Asia. Possibly, Cimmerians eventually settled in Cappadocia, Gamir (Գամիրք, Gamir-kʿ) in Armenian, same as original Cimmerian homeland in Mannae
515 ca. 515 Last historical record of Cimmerians, in Darius' Behistun inscription, as Babylonian equivalent of Persian Saka (Scythians)
50 AD Several Roman authors (Pliny ca 50 AD, Ovid ca 10 AD, etc.) locate Cimmerians near Lake Arverno (since Cimmerians are located at entrance to Hades at shores of Oceanus, and entrance to Hades was near Lake Arverno)
 
Home
Back
In Russian
Contents Scythians
Contents Huns
Contents Tele
Sources
Roots
Tamgas
Alphabet
Writing
Language
Genetics
Geography
Archeology
Religion
Coins
Datelines
Ogur and Oguz
Kurgan Culture
Genetics: Lingo-Ethnical Tree
Genetics: Blood Types
Ethnic Affiliation Scythians
Scythians and their descendents
Ephthalite Dateline Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline
Created 2/22/2012
Updated on:

@Mail.ru θδğŋɣşāáäēəð ï öōüūû Türkic Türkic –