Home
Back
Datelines
Map List Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline 
Djagfar Tarihi Preface Chapters 1-5 Chapters 6-10 Chapters 11-15 Chapters 16-20 Chapters 21-25 and Ghazi-Baradj Appendix
Djagfar Tarihi Contents Volume 1 Volume 1 Appendix Volume 2 Volume 3

500 AD
Hunno-Bulgarian State

European Huns 453 AD - Jujans 500 AD - Huns 550 AD - Kök Türks AD550 - Bulgaria AD 950 - Bulgaria AD 1050 - Bulgaria AD 1150

Links

 

Hunno-Bulgarian State at ca AD 500
Composite map

Source

 

Notes about the turbulent times, from Djagfar Tarihi and other sources

After Bel-Kermek (aka Irnik, Ernak, Gr. Hernach, ca. 469-489, the 3rd son of Atilla - Translator's Note) his son Djurash Masgut was the Baltavar of Bulgars, and after him his son Tatra, and after him his son Boyan-Chelbir, and after him his son Tubdjak, and after him his senior son Arbuga Ürgan, and after him his younger brother Alburi...

Bel-Kermek called the place of the Bulgar's settlement between the mouth of Buri-chai and Djalda, where were the Rumian cities, Altynoba, in memory of the Altyn Bash's siege. The abandoned camp then became a city which the local Ulchians called Galidj, and the Bulgars called "Uchuly" (Uch-Ogly, [City] of [Atillé] Three Sons).

During Bel-Kermek time (i.e. ca 460 AD - Translator's Note) Sabars invaded the Saklan, in the Saklanian language the Bulgars called them Sabans. From them came our language, which the Persians incorrectly call Kypchak, for Kypchaks took it from the Kyrgyzes, and in addition quite distorted it. The Sabans who remained in the Turan began more often be called Badjanaks (i.e. Besenyos, Patsinaks, Pechenegs etc. - Translator's Note). Their language, as I already wrote, became gradually similar to the language of the Uzes or Türkmen, and the Almighty inspired Michael to make this language our written language, along with the Arabic. The Kashans called it Bulgarian Türki, and the Türkmens called it Turan Tele...

The Avars, the last splinter of the Hons still remaining in the Hin, expelled the Sabars from the Jeti-Su, their native land. But in the Saklan these refugees did not act any better than their persecutors, and thrashed many Hons clans. They drove a part of the local Hons to the Kaf mountains, where they formed the Khondjak Beilyk. The other Sabars drove another part of the Hons to the Djurash, where they had to join the Bulgars...

The Murdases (Murdas and Burtas are dialectic synonyms in Türkic Languages with m/b rotacism - Translator's Note), who hated the Hons, joined with the Sabars and wanted to finish off the Hons and the Bulgars who accepted them, but Bel-Kermek became a kin with the Bek of Masguts, and as Murdases were frightful of the Masguts, he thus saved his people from the destruction...

The son of Bel-Kermek Djurash, nicknamed Masgut, from the daughter of the Masgutian Bek, served to one or another Sabarian Beks, and for it he received the lands between the Sula and Djalda... Being naturally kind, he ransomed from the Sabars a hundred of the Hons biys and a multitude of their people, and joined them to the Bulgars under the name of Sürbiys ( Serbiys)...

Ruja-Djurash Masgut (489-505). A son of Kermek from the daughter of the Masgutian Bek Ruji, the reason for him being  named Ruja. He was the governor of Kara-Bershud (Danube-Ukrainian part of realm - Translator's Note), and ruled for 16 years. With the help of the Seberian Beks, he could expand the possession in the West after successful wars with Byzantium. In 492, in the year of the monkey, he occupied all western part of the Danube Bulgaria from the Danube to the Kuba-Dar (Vardar, Macedonia), and in memory of that he founded the city of Bichin - "Monkey" (Vidin). For his successes in the wars he has received a nickname Djurash, i.e. "Warrior, Spirit of War". He has become famous as a wise and fair ruler. He knew his native Oguzo-Bulgarian language, German, Latin, Greek, Danube-Bulgarian ("Slavic-Bulgarian"), Hungarian, Persian languages and the "Kam Tele" (the language of the Bulgarian shamans). He had five famous sons: Bulyak-Bolgar, Kushtan (Birman), Aiyar, Moger, and Bandja-Tatra.

The Masguts son Tatra became famous for the successful attacks on the Rum which he made with the help of his subject Ulchians...

Bandja-Tatra Banant or "Mundo" (505-520). The son of Ruja-Djurash was the governor of the Bulgarian bejlik (Kara-Bershud, i.e. Danube-Ukrainian part of realm) for 15 years. He always recognized Chalap-biy (Atilla's grandson and Illak's son, i.e. paternal second uncle for Bandja-Tatra, and ruler of the eastern part of the realm - Translator's Note) to as the Supreme Bulgarian ruler and was very amicable with him. He has become famous for his bellicosity and extraordinary bravery in fight. In a decisive battle in the war against Byzantium his one thousand horse company ("banant") attacked and overturned a 15-thousand Byzantium army, after which he also received a nickname "Banant". The crushed Byzantium agreed to pay Kara-Bershud a huge tribute, and conceded to it most of the Balkan peninsula. After that, Tatra restored the unity of the Idel, taking under his rule the Ak-Bershud (Itil-Yaik part of realm - Translator's Note) and Eskel ("Siberian part of realm" - Translator's Note). Under the name Tat-Yran, he was sang in the Bulgarian national epos "Shan Talgau".

Kushtan or Birman, Elbir (Alvar), Ugez, Uger, "Gostun", "Gordi" (527-528). A son of Ruja-Djurash and Bika (Princess) from the Bulgarian clan Ermi (Birman) (later from the noble clan Ermi/Birman came the famous Gostun, i.e. viceroy Bu-Ürgan, Gr. Organa, who controlled the realm until Kurbat came out of age - Translator's Note) and that is why he received the nickname "Birman". He was the governor of the Bulgarian beylik (Kara-Bershud), and for 2 years he ruled in the position of Ilchibek (regent) for the juvenile Khan, the younger son of Bandja-Tatra Boyan-Chelbir. He tried to spread Christianity, which displeased the Bulgarian nobles, who rallied around his brother Aiyar. He died during an attack of the Moger's people on his stan. The son of Kushtan, Saba-Ürgan (Su-Bürgan), in memory of his father, founded on the place of that quarters the city of Birman (the modern city Odessa in the Ukraine).

Moger or Mugel, Muageris (528). A son of Ruja-Djurash. In 528 he overthrew Kushtan, but ruled not for long, and soon he himself was overthrown by his brother Aiyar.

Aiyar or Avar (528-531). A son of Ruja-Djurash. In 528 he overthrew Moger and for three years ruled the Bulgarian beylik. In accordance with the legend, he was damned, with all his posterity, by the wife of Kushtan (who believed that Aiyar was an accomplice to the murder of her husband), and this damnation hung over his family for a long time.

Some other dates:

463 AD Saragurs, Ugors and Onogurs sent embassy to Byzantine, they were expelled by Savirs, who fled Avars, who fled from people living on the shores of ocean (i.e., Jujans, who came to the control of the Hunnish Kaganate in the 460 AD - Translator's Note). They said that Saragurs subjugated Akacirs (aka Agathyrs - Translator's Note) and want to become Roman federates. (Destunis G.C.)

498 AD Altynoba's Djurash Masgut in winter 498-499 annihilated Byzantium Illyrium army and extended to left bank of Danube. Altynoba subordinates to Avar overlordship. (This is a seminal event in the life of the country, the western part of it comes under the control of the Avars and is to become an independent Avar Kaganate with non-Dulo related dynastic rulers. The south-central part of the realm is for a time dominated by a an independent Subar dynasty and tribe, a component of the Bulgarian tribes. The eastern part remains in the fold of the Atilla's descendents, under the Dulo clan dynasty - Translator's Note).

505 AD Altynoba's Djurash Masgut (465-505) dies, Tatra becomes Baltazar subordinated to Avar overlordship.

For a more detail view of the events between 450 and 550 AD, see Bulgar Dateline, Avar Dateline, Sabir Dateline

Home
Back
Datelines
Map List Alan Dateline
Avar Dateline
Besenyo Dateline
Bulgar Dateline
Huns Dateline
Karluk Dateline
Khazar Dateline
Kimak Dateline
Kipchak Dateline
Kyrgyz Dateline
Sabir Dateline
Seyanto Dateline 
TürkicWorld 2005
1/8/2004
@Mail.ru