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Besenyos, Ogur and Oguz


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Besenyo Dateline
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Sabir Dateline


Sabirs, Sabaroi, Sabiri, Savari, Sabans, Sibirs, Suvars, Zubur, Subartuans, Aksuvars, Aksungurs, Severyans, and other variations
a little nugget at www.hostkingdom.net/siberia.html

SABIR A Hunnic tribe that briefly established a powerful state north of the Caucasus. They may have been attested to as early as 124 BCE, in which case they are ultimately Sarmatian or Scythian in origin. They were allied with Sassanid Persia until c.550, when they were enticed to join a Byzantine-led coalition.

To the Huns.395-460 CE
Independent Khanate 460-560
Belek...early 500's-520's
 Bogharik (fem.)...520's-550's
 To the Avars...560-600
 To the Gok Turks...600-630
Possibly one of the component peoples of the Khazar Khaganate  




750 BC Hesiod, 7th Century BC, writes: Inventors of bronze working were Scythians. The early Messopotamian name for metal is Zubur, indicating that northern Messopotamian Subartuans or a people of that region were indeed inventors of process.
124 BC Asi (Yazig), Pasiani (Budini/Beçen/Besenyo/Peçenek), Tocharian, Sabir (Sabaroi) tribes break into Sogdiana and Baktria. In next five years two Parthian emperors loose their lives in wars. Later Sakauraka (Türkic ‘Saka-farmers’) tribe is also conquered by them.
139 AD Ptolemy (83?-161? AD) writes that in European Sarmatia ‘below Agathyrsi (Akatsirs, Türkic agach ers ‘forest people’) live Savari (Türkic Suvars), between Basternae and Rhoxolani (Tr. Uraksy Alans, i.e. ‘Alans-farmers’) live Huns
420 WHITE HUN EMPIRE 420 - 552 A.D
Founder - Aksuvar (Aksungur)
Area - Half of northern India, Afghanistan, parts of Turkistan
(Total Area - 3,500,000 Km2)
450 Per Priscus, Sabirs conquered lands of Onogurs, Saragurs and Ugors in steppes around north-western Caspian coast.
453 To Ellak, eldest of brothers, Atilla’s sons, was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Sabirs. To Tengiz (Dengizik), was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Kutrigurs. To Bel-Kermek (Hernach), youngest, was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Utigurs.
454 Coalition of Germanic clans defeats and kills Ellak in battle. Sabirs without Ellak retreat to the East, through Pontic Steppes, to Daghestan. Kutriguri and Utiguri under Bel-Kermek (Hernach), fell back to 'Ugol' place that corresponds to Bessarabia.
469 Western Hunnish clans retreated. Utigurs to Azov-Taman SE of Sea of Azov. Kutrigurs to between Dniepr and Don Rivers, NW from Sea of Azov Utigurs. Sabirs in Daghestan SE of other two Hunnic hordes, between Daryal Gorge and Kuma River on the Caspian Sea.
505 Sabirs from Pannonia begin to immigrate to North Caucasus and Itil valley
505 Sabirs created a powerful federation of akin tribes, "Kingdom of Huns". They were populous and had an army of 20,000 well equipped cavalrymen. They were masters of art of war and build siege machines unknown even to Persians and Byzantines.
531 Procopius: information about Caspian Savirs is dated by time of Persian king Kavad (488-496; 499-531) reign
552 End of WHITE HUN EMPIRE 420 - 552 A.D
Founder - Aksuvar (Aksungur)
Area - Half of northern India, Afghanistan, parts of Turkistan
(Total Area - 3,500,000 Km2)
552 Sabirs switch from allying with Iran to Byzantine and conquer Agvania. Byzantine conquer Italy
554 Persians defeat Sabirs in Agvania.
558 Avars first crushed Türkic Sabirs, allies of Byzantine, who lived on Kuma river and in Dagestan. Avars then crushed Uturgurs, a Bolgarian tribe and also allies of Byzantine, living between Itil and Don, then crushed Zals and Ants on both sides of Don.
558 Invading Avars attack Hunno-Bulgars. Utiguri, Kutriguri, and Sabiri conquered (559-560).
558 Avars defeat Sabirs in N Caucasus
558 Avarian embassy to Byzantium. Avars defeat Sabirs and Ants.
560 Avar Khaganate extended from Itil to mouth of Danube. Bolgars are split, with Kuturgur Huns (also listed are Onogundurs (10 Oghur Confederation), Hunnogurs, Sabirs belonging to Avar Khaganate, and Utugur Huns (30 Oghur) and Khazars loyal to W. Khaganate
561 Sosroi Nushirvan crushes Sibirs
565 Avars subjugate Hunnugur and Sabir, and other Hunnic hordes, assimilating them under Avar Khaganate.
565 After defeat of their forces by Avars, Khazars took lead in Sabir-Khazar federation. Part of Sabirs move north, to Middle Itil region, among settled there Bolgarian tribes. Their main city Suvar is a great center of Itil Bolgaria.
610 Future Gokturk’s Sibir-Khan (14), Mokhodu, of the most western ulus, is baptized in Constantinople. This starts his fight with Buri-shad (34) (610-618) and Tardu Yabgu (Tun(g)-Yabgu) (23) (618-630). Kubrat is not baptized.
630 Gokturk Kaganate’s Sibir-Khan (14) recognized independence of Bolgaria under Kubrat of Dulo dynasty, his nephew of feminine line.
630 Qarluqs rebel against Gokturk Kaganate, Tung Yabgu (23) dies, W. Kaganate split, SW and NE. SW run by Nushibis, under Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) (631-631), installed by Nishu Khan Shad (32), son of Baga Shad (24). NE run by Tele (Dulu), under Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) (630-631).
631 Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) replaced by Nishu Khan Shad (32) as Dulu Khan (631-634). Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) killed. W. Gokturk Kaganate reunited.
635 Kubrat escaped dominance of Gokturks and Khazars, by supporting Sibir-Khan in 630. He became independent, defeated Avars. Controlled area near Pontic steppes
882 Salahbi Yolyg (aka Oleg, Oleg the Seer, Olaf, 882-912), Kyiv Ilchibek (regent) for Igor (Ugyr Lachini, 912-945, aka Igor I the Old, Ingvar) set out down river to capture Slavic Dnieper Krivicheys with their ruler's seat in Shamlyn (future Smolensk), and then sailed down to Suvars (Slav. Severyans) and took Lübech, the seat of ruling Khan Alabuga of Baryn line of Suvars. Possibly one of captured Khan Alabuga's daughters became household slave in Salahbi Yolyg household, Malusha intendant (keyholder) of Lübech, who later bore Kiev Knyaz Vladimir
882 Khan Alabuga of a Baryn line of Sabans starts a city, named later Bilyar.
884 Salahbi Yolyg (aka Oleg, Oleg the Seer, Olaf, 882-912), Kyiv Ilchibek (regent) for Igor (Ugyr Lachini, 912-945, aka Igor I the Old, Ingvar) raids Khazarian subjects Suvars (Slav. Severyans), defeats them and imposes a nominal tribute, adding Suvars to his "Rus" realm. Suvars split, one part remaining in place, and part migrating NE to Itil-Kama interfluvial, area of future city Nur-Suvar
895 Itil Bolgaria census lists 550K, 200K are Saban-speaking Bulgars, 180K-Ars (Udmurts, Finno-Ugors), 170K-Modjars
922 City Nur-Suvar founded (922-1246). Present name Tatarskiy (Sham-Suar).
930 Itil Bulgaria has 30 cities. Khasan built: Matak, Nukrat, Bandja (Samara ) (Center of Mardan-Bellak ulus), Bulyar (citadel in Bilyar), Kamysh, Simbir, Gazan-Deber, Kashan, Tukhcha, Tau-Kerman (Sviyajsk), Tash-Bolgar, Subash-Simbir, Karadjar, Djilan
1246 City Nur-Suvar destroyed (922-1246). Present name Tatarskiy (Sham-Suar).

Updated on: 9/14/2005