Ismagulov Orazak (1930)
Anthropologist, doctor of historical sciences (1984), corresponding member of National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan )NAofS RK (1994).
Graduated Mendygarin pedagogical college (1950), historical faculty of the Kazakh State University (1955).
Teacher in Belomor high school of the Kustanai province (1956). Senior laboratorian, junior scientist in History and Ethnology Institute NAofS RK (1957), intern in Alma-Ata Medical University (1956-1957), intern in Scientific Research Institute and Museum of Anthropology of the biological faculty of the Moscow State University (1958), post-graduate in Ethnology and Anthropology Institute of the Russian Academy of Science (1958-1961), senior scientist (1965), head of Inventory of Kazakhstan Historical Monuments and Modern History of Kazakhstan department (1984-1986), head of Ethnic Anthropology Laboratory of History and Ethnology Institute NAofS RK (from 1989).
O. Ismagulov's scientific interests are in a junction of natural and humanities scienses. Based on interdisciplinary research he used widely the anthropological data of the ancient and modern people as a historical information source for ethnogenesis and ethnic history of Middle Asia peoples. From the 1960es O. Ismagulov is a permanent participant and a head of anthropological expeditions in Kazakhstan and beyond: Indian-Soviet (1974-1975), Kazah-Mongolian (1991-1993), Kazah-Italian (1993-1994). In the 1993-1994, within the framework of scientific cooperation with the Institute of Anthropology at the Bolonia University in Italy, O. Ismagulov headed an international project for problems of adaptation of high-mountain Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan populations in respect to ethno-cultural processes in the region.
O. Ismagulov is the author of about 100 scientific works, including 9 in foreign languages. Among them a special place takes a compendium of monographies for craniological series, genetic markers, and odontologic attributes, compiled to establish the genetic continuity between the ancient and modern populations of the region, integrity of the historical process, unity of Kazakh genetic fund, and also the sources of their formation, and major historical stages, based on the ancient local populations of Kazakhstan and newcoming ethnic groups from the Central Asia. O. Ismagulov gave a number of anthropological lectures in Delhi, California and Bolonia universities.
Main scientific works:
Population of Kazakhstan from Bronze Epoch to present: (paleoanthropological research). Alma-Ata, 1970.
Ethnic genetic geography of Kazakhstan: (serological research). Alma-Ata, 1977.
Ethnic anthropology of Kazakhstan: (somatological research). Alma-Ata, 1982.
Ethnic odontology of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata, 1989. (co-author).